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  • HPFH homozgote  (1)
  • Hb synthesis  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-4927
    Keywords: HPFH homozgote ; γ-chain type ; globin chain synthesis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Two sons of a previously reported Ghanaian homozygote for the hereditary persistence of fetal hemoglobin (HPFH) (Ringelhann et al., 1970) also are HPFH homozygotes. In addition, another unrelated adult Ghanaian homozygote has been detected. All of these Ghanaian homozygotes as well as three American Black HPFH homozygotes have the G γ A γ type of HPFH with a G γ to A γ ratio of about 3:2, in contrast to an Asiatic Indian homozygote who has the G γ type. Globin chain synthesis in HPFH homozygotes is unbalanced, with a γ/α ratio of 0.6 or less, whereas it is balanced in heterozygotes according to most reports.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-4927
    Keywords: Hb α chain variants ; α-thalassemia ; Hb synthesis ; Hb genetics ; posttranslational control
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The production of five α chain variants (Hb G-Georgia, Hb St. Luke's, Hb Lloyd, Hb Montgomery, and Hb G-Philadelphia) in heterozygotes was evaluated through hematological observations, hemoglobin quantification, and biosynthetic studies. All heterozygotes for Hb St. Luke's and Hb Lloyd and most heterozygotes with Hb G-Georgia and Hb Montgomery had normal hematology and average σα/β values of about 1.1. They were assigned a normal genotype (ααG/αα), although the proportions of Hb St. Luke's and Hb G-Georgia were low (10 to 13%) and those of Hb Lloyd and Hb Montgomery twice as high (20%). Data from short-term incubations confirmed this genotype for some of these heterozygotes. Isolated Hb St. Luke's and Hb G-Georgia gave low αG/β values (0.2 and 0.3) indicating that these Hb variants were defective at the level of Hb assembly. Isolated Hb Montgomery and Hb G-Philadelphia, however, gave higher αG/β values of 0.6 and 0.8, respectively. A second type of variability existed among Hb G-Georgia (20 vs. 13%), Hb Montgomery (28 vs. 20%), and Hb G-Philadelphia (47 vs. 34%) heterozygotes, in whom the levels of Hb G differed. The occurrence of higher levels of these three α chain heterozygosities was associated with hematological or biosynthetic evidence of a mild or moderate α chain deficiency due to an α-thalassemia-2 heterozygosity (ααG/α0α or α0αG/αα) or a homozygosity (α0αG/α0α), respectively.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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