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  • 1
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    Grand Rapids, Mich : Christian Classics Ethereal Library
    Keywords: Church of England, Sermons. ; Sermons, English.
    ISBN: 0-585-07463-1
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-4951
    Keywords: G-protein-coupled receptor ; Hartree-Fock calculations ; Histamine H2 receptor ; Molecular mechanics ; Receptor models
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary In the first part (pp. 461–478 in this issue) of this study regarding the histamine H2 receptor agonistic binding site, the best possible interactions of histamine with an α-helical oligopeptide, mimicking a part of the fifth transmembrane α-helical domain (TM5) of the histamine H2 receptor, were considered. It was established that histamine can only bind via two H-bonds with a pure α-helical TM5, when the binding site consists of Tyr182/Asp186 and not of the Asp186/Thr190 couple. In this second part, two particular three-dimensional models of G-protein-coupled receptors previously reported in the literature are compared in relation to agonist binding at the histamine H2 receptor. The differences between these two receptor models are discussed in relation to the general benefits and limitations of such receptor models. Also the pros and cons of simplifying receptor models to a relatively easy-to-deal-with oligopeptide for mimicking agonistic binding to an agonistic binding site are addressed. Within complete receptor models, the simultaneous interaction of histamine with both TM3 and TM5 can be analysed. The earlier suggested three-point interaction of histamine with the histamine H2 receptor can be explored. Our results demonstrate that a three-point interaction cannot be established for the Asp98/Asp186/Thr190 binding site in either of the investigated receptor models, whereas histamine can form three H-bonds in case the agonistic binding site is constituted by the Asp98/Tyr182/Asp186 triplet. Furthermore this latter triplet is seen to be able to accommodate a series of substituted histamine analogues with known histamine H2 agonistic activity as well.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-4951
    Keywords: α-helical model system ; Conformational analysis ; Counterpoise method ; Hartree-Fock calculations ; Histamine H2 receptor ; Molecular mechanics
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary Mutation studies on the histamine H2 receptor were reported by Gantz et al. [J. Biol. Chem., 267 (1992) 20840], which indicate that both the mutation of the fifth transmembrane Asp186 (to Ala186) alone or in combination with Thr190 (to Ala190) maintained, albeit partially, the cAMP response to histamine. Recently, we have shown that histamine binds to the histamine H2 receptor as a monocation in its proximal tautomeric form, and, moreover, we suggested that a proton is donated from the receptor towards the tele-position of the agonist, thereby triggering the biological effect [Nederkoorn et al., J. Mol. Graph., 12 (1994) 242; Eriks et al., Mol. Pharmacol., 44 (1993) 886]. These findings result in a close resemblance with the catalytic triad (consisting of Ser, His and Asp) found in serine proteases. Thr190 resembles a triad's serine residue closely, and could also act as a proton donor. However, the mutation of Thr190 to Ala190 — the latter is unable to function as a proton donor — does not completely abolish the agonistic cAMP response. At the fifth transmembrane α-helix of the histamine H2 receptor near the extracellular surface, another amino acid is present, i.e. Tyr182, so an alternative couple of amino acids, Tyr182 and Asp186, could constitute the histamine binding site at the fifth α-helix instead of the (mutated) couple Asp186 and Thr190. In the first part of our present study, this hypothesis is investigated with the aid of an oligopeptide with an α-helical backbone, which represents a part of the fifth transmembrane helix. Both molecular mechanics and ab initio data lead to the conclusion that the Tyr182/Asp186 couple is most likely to act as the binding site for the imidazole ring present in histamine.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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