Glycosyl donors, pyruvylated
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The preparation of 4,6-O-(1-methoxycarbonylethylidene)-D-glycopyranosides 5 starting from 2,3-di-O-benzoyl-D-glycopyranosides 1 and their 4,6-bis-O-trimethylsilyl ethers 2 using methyl 2,2-bis(phenylthio)propionate (4) and methyl pyruvate (3), respectively, under Lewis acid catalysis conditions is described. In the D-gluco series anomerisation of alkyl β-D-glucopyranosides is observed as a side reaction, giving complex mixtures and low yields of the title compounds whereas alkyl-α-D-glucopyranosides and alkyl or phenyl 1-thio-β-D-glucopyranosides react without anomerisation. The reactions are accompanied by isomerisation of the initially formed diastereomer (R)-5 having an equatorial methoxycarbonyl group to the thermodynamically favoured diastereomer (S)-5 having the methoxycarbonyl group in an axial position. In the D-galacto series similar side reactions are observed accompanied by rearrangement to furanosides 9 of alkyl and phenyl β-D-galactopyranosides. The results are used for efficient syntheses of two protected disaccharides 8 and 11 representing structural fragments of the polysaccharide repeating units of Mycobacteria and Rhizobia via pyruvate acetal-containing glucosyl and galactosyl donors 7 and 10.
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