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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-1561
    Keywords: Centaurea maculosa ; sesquiterpene lactone ; cnicin ; host-plant selection ; oviposition behavior ; antifeedant ; attractant ; Spodoptera littoralis ; Agapeta zoegana ; Stenodes straminea ; Pterolonche inspersa ; Lepidoptera ; Noctuidae ; Cochylidae ; Pterolonchidae
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract The sesquiterpene lactone cnicin was extracted fromCentaurea maculosa andCentaurea vallesiaca. We examined its effects on the ovipositional response and larval development of generalist and specialist insect herbivores associated withC. maculosa. For the oviposition trials, three plant species (C. maculosa, Achillea millefolium, andCichorium intybus), half of which were sprayed with 3% of cnicin, were exposed to the specialist mothsStenodes straminea, Agapeta zoegana, andPterolonche inspersa in field cages. All three species significantly preferredC. maculosa to other plants andP. inspersa significantly preferred cnicin-sprayed plants to untreated plants for oviposition. Tested over all species, cnicin significantly increased the number of eggs laid on a given plant. A larval diet test examined the toxicity of cnicin for larvae of the generalist noctuid mothSpodoptera littoralis. Cnicin concentrations of 3% and 6% were lethal and 1% and 0.5% seriously inhibited growth and development. The larvae of theC. maculosa specialistStenodes straminea survived at 6% cnicin, but none of the pupae hatched.Agapeta zoegana was able to survive at 1% and 3% cnicin. Both specialists had difficulties with the artificial diet, but weight increase and survival was not further reduced when cnicin was present compared with on the control diet. In conclusion, cnicin influenced host recognition by the specialist species, and larvae of the generalist did not survive on natural levels of cnicin. Growth and survival of the specialist were not influenced by cnicin but were considerably hampered on artificial diet.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: The use of a scroll decanter centrifuge for the removal and dewatering of affinity-flocculated yeast cell debris from a crude homogenate is described. Laboratory shear modulus measurements were used to compare the structure of flocculated and nonflocculated sediments and to indicate the dewatering conditions under which the sediment could be discharged from the centrifuge. The structure of the flocculated sediment was such that a dry beach could be used within the centrifuge while still being able to discharge the solids. The scroll decanter performance for recovery and dewatering of the flocculated homogenate was found to be independent of feed flow rate and differential scroll rate. Eighty-five percent of the solid material was recovered from the flocculated homogenate while the extent of sediment dewatering resulted in the loss of only 7% of the soluble protein in the sediment. The supernatant clarity matched that achieved by low-gravity laboratory centrifugation studies.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The global distribution of Maastrichtian inoceramids is now known in enough detail that the patterns of disappearance can be used to place first-order constraints on paleoceanographic changes that may have occurred during that age. The Inoceramidae is an excellent group to focus on in a study of Maastrichtian events for the following reasons: (1) they were globally distributed in the early Maastrichtian; (2) they did not survive the age (i.e., they undergo change during the interval); and (3) they have left a rich microfossil and macrofossil record. Some inoceramids grew to be very large; however, even the largest often passively disaggregated and are preserved as hundreds of millions of characteristic, columnar, polygonal prisms of calcite approximately 100 microns across. This taphonomic process has greatly increased the inoceramid fossil record and provides a means of objectively estimating changes in their standing population. In addition, because these prisms commonly occur in Deep Sea Drilling Project (DSDP) and Ocean Drilling Program (ODP) cores, it is relatively easy to generate a truly global database. The existing macrofossil record of inoceramids has less temporal and spacial resolution but greater taxonomic resolution than the microfossil record. In concert the microfossil and macrofossil records of inoceramids demonstrate that important changes occurred during the Maastrichtian. These changes are distinct from the KT boundary catastrophe but are part of the larger KT transition.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: Houston Univ., New Developments Regarding the KT Event and Other Catastrophes in Earth History; p 74-75
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: There are no author-identified significant results in this report.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: E73-11024 , NASA-CR-133821
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: There are no author-identified significant results in this report.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: E73-10558 , NASA-CR-131857
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The author has identified the following significant results. Earthquake counters in Guatemala were being installed between February 13 and 17. The volcano Fuego began erupting ash and ash flows on February 23. On February 17, 6 days before the eruption there were 80 earthquakes at two counters 5 and 15 km from the volcano. This was a substantial increase of a fairly constant level of events per day recorded for the previous four days. A counter 30 km away did not show an increase. Had the DCP been operating longer and had the data been sent immediately from Goddard, it might have been possible to warn of a possible eruption six days in advance.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: E73-10545 , NASA-CR-131649
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: There are no author-identified significant results in this report.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: E73-10337 , NASA-CR-130787
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: There are no author-identified significant results in this report.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: E72-10242 , NASA-CR-129119
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: There are no author-identified significant results in this report.
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: E72-10155 , NASA-CR-128291
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-06-27
    Description: Prototype volcano surveillance system located in Alaska, Hawaii, California, Washington, Iceland, Central and South America
    Keywords: GEOPHYSICS
    Type: E73-10153 , PAPER-G9 , NASA. Goddard Space Flight Center Mineral Resources, Geol. Struct. and Landform Surv.; p 35
    Format: text
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