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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: A boundary element formulation is presented for moderate Reynolds number, steady, incompressible, thermoviscous flows. The governing integral equations are written exclusively in terms of velocities and temperatures, thus eliminating the need for the computation of any gradients. Furthermore, with the introduction of reference velocities and temperatures, volume modeling can often be confined to only a small portion of the problem domain, typically near obstacles or walls. The numerical implementation includes higher order elements, adaptive integration and multiregion capability. Both the integral formulation and implementation are discussed in detail. Several examples illustrate the high level of accuracy that is obtainable with the current method.
    Keywords: FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    Type: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (ISSN 0029-5981); 31; 1605-162
    Format: text
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: The boundary element method is applied to transient viscous incompressible flow. The time-domain formulation allows a boundary-only solution for linear Stokes flow. For higher speed flows in which the nonlinear convective effects cannot be ignored, a volume integral must be retained. However, the introduction of reference velocities often limits the nonlinear region to the vicinity of obstacles or boundary surfaces. Additionally, the volume terms are rewritten to eliminate the need for the calculation of velocity gradients. A general purpose numerical implementation of this new formulation then produces a very attractive tool for engineering analysis. This implementation includes a Newton-Raphson algorithm, permitting accurate solutions up to the moderate Reynolds number range. Several numerical examples are provided to validate the present approach.
    Keywords: FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    Type: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (ISSN 0029-5981); 31; 1627-164
    Format: text
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: An advanced boundary element method (BEM) is presented for the transient heat conduction analysis of engineering components. The numerical implementation necessarily includes higher-order conforming elements, self-adaptive integration and a multiregion capability. Planar, three-dimensional and axisymmetric analyses are all addressed with a consistent time-domain convolution approach, which completely eliminates the need for volume discretization for most practical analyses. The resulting general purpose algorithm establishes BEM as an attractive alternative to the more familiar finite difference and finite element methods for this class of problems. Several detailed numerical examples are included to emphasize the accuracy, stability and generality of the present BEM. Furthermore, a new efficient treatment is introduced for bodies with embedded holes. This development provides a powerful analytical tool for transient solutions of components, such as casting moulds and turbine blades, which are cumbersome to model when employing the conventional domain-based methods.
    Keywords: FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    Type: International Journal for Numerical Methods in Engineering (ISSN 0029-5981); 31; 1231-124
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The progress made toward the development of a boundary element formulation for the study of hot fluid-structure interaction in Earth-to-Orbit engine hot section components is reported. The convective viscous integral formulation was derived and implemented in the general purpose computer program GP-BEST. The new convective kernel functions, in turn, necessitated the development of refined integration techniques. As a result, however, since the physics of the problem is embedded in these kernels, boundary element solutions can now be obtained at very high Reynolds number. Flow around obstacles can be solved approximately with an efficient linearized boundary-only analysis or, more exactly, by including all of the nonlinearities present in the neighborhood of the obstacle. The other major accomplishment was the development of a comprehensive fluid-structure interaction capability within GP-BEST. This new facility is implemented in a completely general manner, so that quite arbitrary geometry, material properties and boundary conditions may be specified. Thus, a single analysis code (GP-BEST) can be used to run structures-only problems, fluids-only problems, or the combined fluid-structure problem. In all three cases, steady or transient conditions can be selected, with or without thermal effects. Nonlinear analyses can be solved via direct iteration or by employing a modified Newton-Raphson approach.
    Keywords: FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    Type: NASA-CR-186214 , NAS 1.26:186214
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: A comprehensive boundary element method is presented for transient thermoelastic analysis of hot section Earth-to-Orbit engine components. This time-domain formulation requires discretization of only the surface of the component, and thus provides an attractive alternative to finite element analysis for this class of problems. In addition, steep thermal gradients, which often occur near the surface, can be captured more readily since with a boundary element approach there are no shape functions to constrain the solution in the direction normal to the surface. For example, the circular disc analysis indicates the high level of accuracy that can be obtained. In fact, on the basis of reduced modeling effort and improved accuracy, it appears that the present boundary element method should be the preferred approach for general problems of transient thermoelasticity.
    Keywords: FLUID MECHANICS AND HEAT TRANSFER
    Type: NASA-CR-187675 , NAS 1.26:187675
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