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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: JPL is developing ambient temperature secondary lithium cells for future spacecraft applications. Prior studies on experimental laboratory type Li-TiS2 cells yielded promising results in terms of cycle life and rate capability. To further assess the performance of this cell, 5 Ah engineering model cells were developed. Initially baseline cells were designed and fabricated. Each cell had 15 cathodes and 16 anodes and the ratio of anode to cathode capacity is 6:1. A solution of 1.5 molar LiAsF6 in 2Me-THF was used as the electrolyte. Cells were evaluated for their cycle life at C/1 and C/5 discharge rates and 100 percent depth of discharge. The cells were cycled between voltage limits 1.7 and 2.8 volts. The rate of charge in all cases is C/10. The results obtained indicate that cells can operate at C/10 to C/2 discharge rates and have an initial energy density of 70 Wh/kg. Cells delivered more than 100 cycles at C/2 discharge rate. The details of cell design, the test program, and the results obtained are described.
    Keywords: ENERGY PRODUCTION AND CONVERSION
    Type: NASA-Lewis Research Center, Space Electrochemical Research and Technology (SERT); p 89-95
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: Influence of raw material source, processing methods, and cell operating voltage limits on the performance of TiS2 cathode was examined. Raw materials obtained from three different sources were investigated. TiS2 electrodes were fabricated by painting, rolling, and pressing methods. Raw materials and electrodes were characterized for their physical, chemical, and electrochemical properties. The results obtained indicated that the performance of TiS2 cathodes was dependent on the purity and stoichiometry of the TiS2 material. Fabrication methods were found to have minimal influence on the performance of cathodes. The capacity loss observed during the early stages of cycling was attributed to the trapping of lithium in TiS2. Operating voltage limits were found to have significant influence on the cycle life performance of the cells.
    Keywords: ENERGY PRODUCTION AND CONVERSION
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The use of lithium thionyl chloride cells for low-temperature applications is presently restricted because of their unsafe behavior. An attempt is made in the present investigation to identify the safe/unsafe low temperature operating conditions and to understand the low temperature cell chemistry responsible for the unsafe behavior. Cells subjected to extended reversal at low rate and -40 C were found to explode upon warm-up. Lithium was found to deposit on the carbon cathodes during reversal. Warming up to room temperature may be accelerating the lithium corrosion in the electrolyte. This may be one of the reasons for the cell thermal runaway.
    Keywords: ENERGY PRODUCTION AND CONVERSION
    Type: Symposium on Primary and Secondary Ambient Temperature Lithium Batteries; Oct. 18-23, 1987; Honolulu, HI; United States
    Format: text
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-07-12
    Description: JPL is developing ambient temperature secondary lithium cells for future spacecraft applications. Prior studies on experimental laboratory type Li-TiS2 cells yielded promising results in terms of cycle life and rate capability. To further assess the performance of this cell, 5 Ah engineering model cells were developed. Initially baseline cells were designed and fabricated. Each cell had 15 cathodes and 16 anodes and the ratio of anode to cathode capacity is 6:1. A solution of 1.5 molar LiAsF6 in 2Me-THF was used as the electrolyte. Cells were evaluated for their cycle life at C/1 and C/5 discharge rates and 100 percent depth of discharge. The cells were cycled between voltage limits 1.7 and 2.8 volts. The rate of charge in all cases is C/10. The results obtained indicate that cells can operate at C/10 to C/2 discharge rates and have an initial energy density of 70 Wh/kg. Cells delivered more than 100 cycles at C/2 discharge rate. The details of cell design, the test program, and the results obtained are described.
    Keywords: ENERGY PRODUCTION AND CONVERSION
    Type: Journal of Power Sources (ISSN 0378-7753); 22; 269-275
    Format: text
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