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  • E3  (2)
  • O19
  • 2015-2019  (4)
  • 1
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    Zurich: ETH Zurich, KOF Swiss Economic Institute
    Publication Date: 2019-02-16
    Description: In this paper we present and describe the revised version of the KOF Globalisation Index, a composite index measuring globalisation for every country in the world along the economic, social and political dimension. The original index was introduced by Dreher (2006) and updated in Dreher et al. (2008). This second revision of the index introduces the differentiation between de facto and de jure measures along the different dimensions of globalisation, the differentiation between trade and financial globalisation within the economic dimension of globalisation and time-varying weighting of the variables entering the index. Finally, the revised version incorporates several additional variables in the construction process. At the aggregate level, we show that a bidirectional relationship between de facto and de jure globalisation exists.
    Keywords: F15 ; F36 ; F43 ; F53 ; F60 ; F62 ; O19 ; O24 ; O57 ; Y10 ; ddc:330 ; Globalisation ; composite indicators ; Granger causality ; economic growth
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Munich: Center for Economic Studies and Ifo Institute (CESifo)
    Publication Date: 2019-06-22
    Description: We introduce the revised version of the KOF Globalisation Index, a composite index measuring globalization for every country in the world along the economic, social and political dimension. The original index was introduced by Dreher (2006) and updated in Dreher et al. (2008). This second revision of the index distinguishes between de facto and de jure measures along the different dimensions of globalization. We also disentangle trade and financial globalization within the economic dimension of globalization and use time-varying weighting of the variables. The new index is based on 43 instead of 23 variables in the previous version. Following Dreher (2006), we use the new index to examine the effect of globalization on economic growth. The results suggest that de facto and de jure globalization influence economic growth differently. Future research should use the new KOF Globalisation Index to re-examine other important consequences of globalization and why globalization was proceeding rapidly in some countries, such as South Korea, but less so in others.
    Keywords: F15 ; F36 ; F43 ; F53 ; F60 ; F62 ; O19 ; O24 ; O57 ; Y10 ; ddc:330 ; globalization ; composite indicators
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 3
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    Zurich: ETH Zurich, KOF Swiss Economic Institute
    Publication Date: 2019-10-23
    Description: Economists and central bankers nowadays believe that forward guidance has become more important in a world in which key interest rates have hit their effective lower bounds (ELB). In case of the European Central Bank (ECB), this should have increased the informational content of the introductory statements at the press conference following ECB policy meetings. We examine whether this form of ECB communication adds information to a shadow interest rate that summarises the overall policy stance as interpreted by financial markets. To measure communication, we use information based on ECB press releases distinguishing between topics like inflation, the real economy and monetary developments. We also look at the effect of communication on consensus expectations about key macroeconomic variables. Especially ECB's assessment of the economy, i.e. communication related to economic growth, triggers movement in financial markets and thereby the shadow rate. Communication of the ECB through its press releases also causes professional forecasters to change their outlook. Not only their growth forecasts are affected, also their expectations for M3 growth and inflation are.
    Keywords: E3 ; E43 ; E51 ; E52 ; E58 ; ddc:330 ; Central bank communication ; shadow rates ; consensus expectations ; ECB ; euroarea ; money growth
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2020-02-08
    Description: Am 10. Juni 2018 stimmen die Schweizer über die Volksinitiative 'Für krisensicheres Geld: Geldschöpfung allein durch die Nationalbank!' (Vollgeld-Initiative) ab. Die Initiative fordert, dass den Geschäftsbanken die Schaffung von elektronischem Geld untersagt wird. Neues Geld soll als Transfers an Bund/Kantone oder Bürgerinnen und Bürger in Umlauf gebracht werden. Aus Sicht der Autoren lassen sich die Schwächen des gegenwärtigen Systems durch andere Instrumente zuverlässiger beheben als durch die vorgeschlagene Reform.
    Description: On 10 June 2018, Switzerland will hold a referendum on a people's initiative called 'Crisis proof money: Exclusive right to money creation for the Swiss National Bank!' (i.e. the Sovereign Money Initiative). According to the Initiative, banks should not have the right to create book money (deposits on sight). New money will be put into circulation via transfers to the federal government, cantons or citizens. The authors argue that the proposed reform is not a suitable measure to remedy shortcomings of the current system. Other, more traditional instruments are better suited.
    Keywords: E3 ; E4 ; E5 ; ddc:330
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: German
    Type: doc-type:article
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