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  • Diketopiperazine  (1)
  • Polymer and Materials Science  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-3904
    Keywords: Difficult sequence ; Diketopiperazine ; Solid-phase peptide synthesis
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Summary This paper describes the synthesis of the bradykinin B1 antagonist [desArg10]HOE 140 (d-Arg-Arg-Pro-Hyp-Gly-Thi-Ser-d-Tic-Oic-OH) by the solid-phase method. This synthesis is predicted to be a difficult one because the C-terminal sequence d-Tic-Oic, when linked to the resin, could easily undergo an intramolecular aminolysis, releasing the corresponding diketopiperazine. This reaction is greatly favored by the imino acidic structure of these two residues and by the d-configuration of the second one. When using the Fmoc strategy, the reaction takes place during the Fmoc removal with piperidine. In this case, it has been suggested previously that it is possible to prevent the side reaction by reducing the time of the base treatment. In our hands, this expedient worked correctly for the synthesis of a test tetrapeptide (H-Gly-Pro3-OH), but under the same conditions the synthesis of the target peptide failed completely. In contrast, the use of the very hindered 2-chlorotrityl resin reduced diketopiperazine formation to undetectable levels.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0006-3525
    Keywords: molecular scaffolds ; β-turn ; tachykinin antagonist ; x-ray ; nmr ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We recently reported the rational design, synthesis, and structural characterization of the most potent and selective peptide-based neurokinin A antagonist thus far described: cyclo(Met1-Asp2-Trp3-Phe4-Dap5-Leu6)cyclo(2β-5β). Its bicyclic structure is characterized by a type I and a type II two β-turn around Trp3-Phe4 and Leu6-Met1, respectively. In order to understand whether the two different β-turned structures are determined by the bicyclic structure or by the amino acid type at the corner positions, we have synthesized the pseudosymmetrical analogue cyclo(Phe1-Asp2-Trp3-Phe4-Dap5-Trp6)cyclo(2β-5β). The structural characterization in the crystal state and in solution, here reported, gives an experimental evidence that the backbone of the bicyclic structure is a rigid scaffold that can be used to build both a type I and type II β-turn independently from the amino acid composition. © 1997 John Wiley & Sons, Inc. Biopoly 40: 505-518, 1996
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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