ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-01-26
    Description: When goods are substitutes, the Vickrey outcome is in the core and yields competitive seller revenue. In contrast, with complements, the Vickrey outcome is efficient but not necessarily in the core and revenue can be low. Non-core outcomes may be perceived as unfair since there are bidders willing to pay more than the winners' payments. Moreover, non-core outcomes render the auction vulnerable to defections as the seller can attract better offers afterwards. To avoid instabilities of this type, Day and Raghavan (2007), Day and Milgrom (2008), and Day and Cramton (2012) have suggested adapting the Vickrey pricing rule so that outcomes are in the core with respect to bidders' {\em reported} values. If truthful bidding were an equilibrium of the resulting auction then the outcome would also be in the core with respect to bidders' {\em true} values. We show, however, that when the equilibrium outcome of any auction is in the core, it is equivalent to the Vickrey outcome. In other words, if the Vickrey outcome is not in the core, no core-selecting auction exists. Our results further imply that the competitive equilibrium outcome, which always exists when goods are substitutes, can only be implemented when it coincides with the Vickrey outcome. Finally, for a simple environment we show that compared to Vickrey prices the adapted pricing rule yields lower expected efficiency and revenue as well as outcomes that are on average further from the core.
    Keywords: D44 ; ddc:330 ; Core outcomes ; Vickrey auction ; substitutes ; complements ; competitive equilibrium ; Bayesian implementability
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:article
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Bonn: Institute for the Study of Labor (IZA)
    Publication Date: 2015-05-22
    Description: This paper reports the results of a laboratory experiment on network formation among heterogeneous agents. The experimental design extends the basic Bala-Goyal (2000) model of network formation with decay and two-way flow of benefits by allowing for agents with lower linking costs or higher benefits to others. We consider treatments where agents' types are common knowledge and treatments where agents' types are private information. In all treatments, the (efficient) equilibrium network has a star structure. We find that with homogeneous agents, equilibrium predictions fail completely. In contrast, with heterogeneous agents stars frequently occur, often with the high-value or low-cost agent in the center. Stars are not borne but rather develop: in treatments with a high-value agent, the network's centrality, stability, and efficiency all increase over time. Our results suggest that agents' heterogeneity is a major determinant for the predominance of star-like structures in real-life social networks.
    Keywords: C72 ; C91 ; C92 ; D01 ; D85 ; ddc:330 ; network formation ; stars ; heterogeneity ; laboratory experiments ; Netzwerk ; Soziales Netzwerk ; Test ; Asymmetrische Information ; Theorie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Amsterdam and Rotterdam: Tinbergen Institute
    Publication Date: 2016-04-21
    Description: The objects for sale in most auctions possess both private and common value elements. This salient feature has not yet been incorporated into a strategic analysis of equilibrium bidding behaviour. This paper reports such an analysis for a stylised model in which bidders receive a private value signal and an independent common value signal. We show that more uncertainty about the common value has a negative effect on efficiency. Information provided by the seller decreases uncertainty, which raises efficiency and seller's revenues. Efficiency and revenues are also higher when more bidders enter the auction.
    Keywords: C72 ; D44 ; ddc:330 ; Auctions ; inefficiencies ; information disclosure ; competition ; Auktionstheorie ; Informationsökonomik ; Wettbewerb ; Theorie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Milano: Fondazione Eni Enrico Mattei (FEEM)
    Publication Date: 2018-11-15
    Description: This paper reports results from a laboratory experiment on network formation among heterogeneous agents. The experimental design extends the Bala-Goyal (2000) model of network formation with decay and two-way flow of benefits by allowing for agents with lower linking costs or higher benefits to others. Furthermore, agents’ types may be common knowledge or private information. In all treatments, the (efficient) equilibrium network has a “star” structure. With homogeneous agents, equilibrium predictions fail completely. In contrast, with heterogeneous agents stars frequently occur, often with the high-value or low-cost agent in the center. Stars are not born but rather develop: with a high-value agent, the network’s centrality, stability, and efficiency all increase over time. Probit estimations based on best-response behaviour and other-regarding preferences are used to analyze individual linking behavior. Our results suggest that heterogeneity is a major determinant for the predominance of star-like structures in real-life social networks.
    Keywords: C72 ; C92 ; D82 ; D85 ; ddc:330 ; Network Formation ; Experiment ; Heterogeneity ; Private Information ; Netzwerk ; Soziales Netzwerk ; Test ; Asymmetrische Information ; Theorie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    facet.materialart.
    Unknown
    Zurich: University of Zurich, Department of Economics
    Publication Date: 2018-06-28
    Description: An important result in convex analysis is the duality between a closed convex set and its support function. We exploit this duality to develop a novel geometric approach to mechanism design. For a general class of social choice problems we characterize the feasible set, which is closed and convex, and its support function. We next provide a geometric interpretation of incentive compatibility and refine the support function to include incentive constraints using arguments from majorization theory. The optimal mechanism can subsequently be derived from the support function using Hotelling's lemma. We first assume that values are linear in types and types are independent, private, and one-dimensional. For this environment we provide a simple geometric proof that Bayesian and dominant strategy implementation are equivalent by showing that the feasible sets that remain after imposing either type of incentive constraints coincide. Furthermore, we derive the optimal mechanism for any social choice problem and any linear objective, including revenue and surplus maximization. As an illustration, we determine the optimal multi-unit auction for a class of value functions that exhibit decreasing marginal valuations. Other types of constraints, such as capacity constraints and budget balancedness, can be interpreted geometrically as well, which facilitates a unified approach to a range of social choice problems, including auctions, bargaining, and public goods provision. We discuss how our geometric approach extends to environments with value interdependencies, non-linear valuations, and correlated or multi-dimensional types. Specifically, we illustrate that with interdependent valuations the equivalence between Bayesian and dominant strategy implementation breaks down, and our approach naturally produces the second-best outcomes for both types of incentive constraints.
    Keywords: D44 ; ddc:330 ; convex sets ; support functions ; majorization ; Hotelling's lemma ; mechanism design ; revenue equivalence ; BIC-DIC equivalence ; multi-unit auctions ; bargaining ; public goods provision ; capacity constraints ; budget balance ; interdependent values ; second best efficiency ; Mechanismus-Design-Theorie ; Öffentliche Güter ; Allokation ; Verhandlungstheorie ; Bayes-Statistik ; Neue politische Ökonomie ; Theorie
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...