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  • 1
    Publication Date: 1998-06-11
    Description: The mouse Clock gene encodes a bHLH-PAS protein that regulates circadian rhythms and is related to transcription factors that act as heterodimers. Potential partners of CLOCK were isolated in a two-hybrid screen, and one, BMAL1, was coexpressed with CLOCK and PER1 at known circadian clock sites in brain and retina. CLOCK-BMAL1 heterodimers activated transcription from E-box elements, a type of transcription factor-binding site, found adjacent to the mouse per1 gene and from an identical E-box known to be important for per gene expression in Drosophila. Mutant CLOCK from the dominant-negative Clock allele and BMAL1 formed heterodimers that bound DNA but failed to activate transcription. Thus, CLOCK-BMAL1 heterodimers appear to drive the positive component of per transcriptional oscillations, which are thought to underlie circadian rhythmicity.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Gekakis, N -- Staknis, D -- Nguyen, H B -- Davis, F C -- Wilsbacher, L D -- King, D P -- Takahashi, J S -- Weitz, C J -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1998 Jun 5;280(5369):1564-9.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Neurobiology, Harvard Medical School, Boston MA 02115, USA. 02115, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: ARNTL Transcription Factors ; Animals ; Basic Helix-Loop-Helix Transcription Factors ; Biological Clocks ; CLOCK Proteins ; Cell Cycle Proteins ; Circadian Rhythm/genetics/*physiology ; Cloning, Molecular ; Cricetinae ; DNA/metabolism ; Dimerization ; Feedback ; Gene Expression ; Helix-Loop-Helix Motifs ; Male ; Mesocricetus ; Mice ; Mutation ; Nuclear Proteins/*genetics/metabolism ; Period Circadian Proteins ; Promoter Regions, Genetic ; Retina/metabolism ; Suprachiasmatic Nucleus/metabolism ; Trans-Activators/genetics/*metabolism ; Transcription Factors/genetics/*metabolism ; *Transcriptional Activation
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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