ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 0887-624X
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Melting points of copolymers of ethylene and 1-alkenes ranging from 1-butene to 1-octadecene have been determined. The copolymers were prepared by means of a homogeneous Et3Al2Cl3/VOCl3 initiating system so that in individual samples, comonomer contents do not vary with molecular weight. Evidence is presented for a random distribution of comonomer units in the copolymers. Melting points determined by differential scanning calorimetry are essentially independent of branch length at low comonomer contents. At higher comonomer contents (5-9 mol% 1-alkene), melting points decrease in the order 1-butene 〉 1-octene 〉 1-octadecene copolymers. The weight fraction of ethylene sequences drops to less than 60% in copolymers with 1-octadecene of high comonomer content and this results in a reduction in the crystallite thicknesses attained by these copolymers.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 0887-624X
    Keywords: grafting ; basic functionalization ; free radical polymerization ; methacrylate ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: The grafting of 2-(dimethylamino)ethyl methacrylate (DMAEMA) onto two model hydrocarbons, squalane and n-eicosane, and to linear low density polyethylene (LLDPE) has been investigated. The results of the study indicate that a high reaction temperature, 160°C, and a low concentration of monomer, less than 0.3 M, are optimum conditions for the grafting reaction. Reaction products, which consisted of grafted hydrocarbons and poly(DMAEMA), were separated by solvent extraction and vacuum distillation; samples were then analyzed by NMR and FTIR spectroscopy and size exclusion chromatography. 1H-NMR spectroscopy indicates that grafted squalane contained approximately 6 DMAEMA units per squalane residue. 1H- and 13C-NMR and molecular weight studies strongly suggest that the grafts onto the model hydrocarbons consist of single DMAEMA units. Results of the melt grafting of DMAEMA onto LLDPE show that the grafting efficiency and degree of grafting are substantially lower than were expected from the model system. © 1994 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Bognor Regis [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0887-624X
    Keywords: maleic anhydride ; free radical grafting ; hydrocarbons ; polyethylene ; graft size ; Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Maleic anhydride has been grafted to eicosane and squalane at 60-80°C using 1,2-dichlorobenzene as solvent and benzoyl peroxide as initiator. These hydrocarbons are low molecular weight models for hydrocarbon polymers containing secondary and tertiary hydrogen atoms. In the absence of the hydrocarbon and with monomer concentrations of the order of 1M, low molecular weight poly(maleic anhydride) is formed. On addition of the hydrocarbon, the main product is grafted material and very little homopolymer is formed. The grafts consist primarily of single succinic anhydride units but some of them are short poly(maleic anhydride) chains. Ceiling temperature considerations control the formation of homopolymer in the absence of hydrocarbon substrate. In the presence of eicosane or squalane, initiation of grafting proceeds by hydrogen abstraction from the hydrocarbon. The main factor controlling graft length is then the ratio of the rates of intramolecular hydrogen abstraction and of monomer addition to succinic anhydride radicals © 1995 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 0887-6258
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Chirality 3 (1991), S. 418-421 
    ISSN: 0899-0042
    Keywords: chiral bioinversion ; pharmacokinetics ; (+)-(S)-ibuprofen ; (-)-(R)-ibuprofen ; rac-ibuprofen ; Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Using a pharmacokinetic model recently proposed to explain ibuprofen disposition in man,1 plasma concentrations of pure ibuprofen enantiomers were simulated following oral administration of (-)-(R)-ibuprofen, (+)-(S)-ibuprofen, or rac-ibuprofen. Simulated and literature values for AUC's were used to compare S/R ratios for different cases of the model and for different methods of calculating the fraction of R bioinverted to S. Numerical simulation using STELLA confirmed previous results for different cases of bioinversion. Simulated S/R AUC ratios, for administration of the racemate, ranged from 4.0 (presystemic bioinversion) to 1.66 (systemic bioinversion). Literature values for S/R AUC ratios averaged 1.53±0.2 for administration of the racemate; therefore, systemic bioinversion was concluded to be representative of ibuprofen disposition. Additional simulations of S/R AUC ratios, for administration of (-)-(R)-ibuprofen only, ranged from 1.5 (presystemic bioinversion) to 0.66 (systemic bioinversion). Literature values for S/R AUC ratios averaged 0.50±0.9 for administration of (-)-(R)-ibuprofen only, which again supported conclusions of systemic bioinversion. Using different equations for estimation of fraction of R inverted to S (FR→S), results based on simulated data were identical; however, FR→S values based on literature data were different. Therefore, assumptions made for different FR→S equations do not appear to be rigorous. Calculations of FR→S, based on literature data, averaged 0.52 overall, indicating bioavailability of (+)-(S)-ibuprofen may be similar for a 150 mg dose of (+)-(S)-ibuprofen compared to a 200 mg dose of racemate.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Purge-and-trap ; Dynamic headspace sampling ; Thermal desorption ; Tomato volatiles ; Tomato flavors ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A system for purge-and -trap with thermal desorption was developed and optimized to moniotor aroma compounds at ambient temperatures. Canned tomato juice volatiles were used as a model system to develop and evaluate the method. Volatile components were first adsorbed on insert-traps packed with Tenax-TA polymer, then thermally desorbed directly inside a gas chromatograph injector. Volatile matgerials occuring in Very low amounts could be entrained and subsequently chrfomatographed, with sensitivity limited by the purity of the sweep gas. Quantitative measurement of tomato juice volatiles was linear with sample size upn to 100 gram samples. The amount of trapped volatiles was proportional to trapping time; howver, low-and intermediate-boilers broke through the trap after one hour while high-boilers continued to be retained. Apurge gas flow rate of 20ml/min gave optimum results mediate-biolers. Optimum recovery of volatile compounds was obtained with a desorption temperature of 200°c for 5 min. Coefficients of variation from triplicate runs were relatively small. The method showed promise for a simple, sensitive, and reproducibel flavor volatiles collection system for the accurate analysis of tomato compounds.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: LMCS ; column bleed ; modulation ; signal enhancement ; capillary GC ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: ---A Longitudinally Modulated Cryogenic System (LMCS) was evaluated for its use in detection enhancement in capillary gas chromatography. The mechanism for chromatographic re-elution for the LMCS is substantially different to other cryogenic devices. The cooled region of the capillary column in which chromatographic bands may be focused is heated by the surrounding oven temperature either by moving the trap along the column, or by moving the column out of the trap. By continually modulating the LMCS at the detector end of the capillary column, signal-to-noise ratios of routine chromatograms can be readily increased by a factor of ten, thus enhancing chromatographic detection. Base widths of peaks, which are often about 2-3 s or more can be easily reduced to 0.3 s when the LMCS is employed in the detection enhancement mode, thus offering a simple avenue to improved peak height sensitivity in capillary gas chromatography.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Cryogenic modulation ; LMCS ; GC×GC ; multidimensional GC ; comprehensive gas chromatography ; petroleum analysis ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: No abstract
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Comprehensive gas chromatography ; cryogenic modulation ; semi-volatile aromatics ; thermal sweeper ; peak widths ; peak asymmetries ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: ---The two current technologies for achieving comprehensive gas chromatography (GC×GC) - the thermal sweeper and the cryogenic modulator - are compared in an interlaboratory study using a multicomponent semi-volatile aromatic compound sample. The same column set (phases, film thickness, dimensions of columns) and conditions of oven temperature program were used. Carrier gas flow settings however were different for the data reported here. The thermal sweeper has a longer overall length due to the extra ca. 30 cm length of narrow bore tubing used for the modulator/accumulator section. Data reveal that the two methods behave in an analogous manner in respect of delivering GC×GC results, with key peak parameters of peak widths and symmetry measures showing good correlation. Retention time dissimilarity on the first dimension columns in the two systems arises from different flow rates used, however the second column retention is similar, and this is due to the resulting different elution temperatures that peaks elute on the first dimension in each system. Overall, the two approaches to GC×GC appear to produce equivalent results within the scope of the application studied. Each system does have its experimental limitations; the thermal sweeper has what may be called a ‘thick film effect’, where at high temperature it can be difficult to sufficiently trap the migrating bands in the accumulator column, and the pulsing of solutes in the cryogenic system may suffer from a ‘thick wall effect’ if a column with too thick a wall dimension is used at low oven temperature.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Advanced Materials 9 (1997), S. 1183-1186 
    ISSN: 0935-9648
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...