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  • 1
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Magnesium, N,N′-Bis(trimethylsi yl)benzamidinate ; synthesis ; spectroscopic data ; structure of magnesium bis[N,N′-bis(trimethylsilyl)benzamidinate] ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Synthesis of Magnesium Bis[N,N′ -bis(trimethylsilyl)benzamidinate] as both Bis(THF) and Benzonitrile AdductMagnesium bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)amide] 1, reacts with benzonitrile in toluene at room temperature to yield magnesium bis[N,N′-bis(trimethylsilyl)benzamidinate]-benzonitrile(1/1) 2. Addition of THF leads to a quantitative substitution of the benzonitrile ligand by two THF molecules. The performance of the addition reaction in THF yields magnesium bis[N,N′-bis(trimethylsilyl)benzamidinate] · THF(1/2) 3. The upper benzonitrile complex 2, crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pbcn with {a = 1383.2(2); b = 2589.1(4); c = 1133.7(1) pm; Z = 4}. The magnesium atom is coordinated distorted trigonal-bipyramidal, where the benzonitrile ligand lies within the equatorial plane. The axial bound nitrogen atom of the benzamidinate substitution shows with a value of 213 pm a slightly longer bond distance to the metal center than the one in the equatorial plane (210 pm). The steric strain within the benzamidinate ligand leads to an elongation of the silicon atoms out of the 1,3-diazaallylic moiety under an enlargement of the C—N—Si angle to 131°.
    Notes: Magnesium-bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)amid] 1, reagiert mit Benzonitril in Toluol bei Zimmertemperatur zu Magnesium-bis[N,N′-bis(trimethylsilyl)benzamidinat]-Benzonitril(1/1) 2. Der Benzonitriligand läßt sich durch Zugabe von THF quantitativ durch zwei Ethermoleküle ersetzen. Auch die Durchführung der Additionsreaktion in THF führt zum Magnesium-bis [N,N′ -bis(trimethylsilyl)benzaminidat]-THF(1/2) 3. Der erstgenannte Benzonitril-Komplex 2, kristallisiert in der orthorhombischen Raumgruppe Pbcn mit {a = 1383,2(2); b = 2589,1(4); c = 1133,7(1) pm; Z = 4}. Das Magnesiumatom weist verzerrt trigonal-bi-pyramidale Umgebung auf, wobei sich der Benzonitrilligand in der äquatorialen Ebene anordnet. Das in der axialen Position befindliche Stickstoffatom des Benzamidinat-Substituenten weist mit 213 pm einen um etwa 3 pm größeren Abstand zum Metallzentrum auf als dasjenige in der äquatorialen Ebene. Die sterischen Spannungen innerhalb des Benzamidinat-Liganden führen zur Auslenkung der Siliciumatome aus der 1,3-Diazaallylebene unter gleichzeitiger C—N—Si-Winkelaufweitung auf 131°.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Transmetalation ; Calcium, Stannylene ; Tin ; Amide ; NMR Spectroscopy, X-Ray Structure ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Synthesis of Substituted Calcium-bis(disilylamides) by Transmetalation of Tin(II) and Tin(IV) AmidesStannylenes as well as stannanes with substituted disilylamino groups are valuable synthons for the synthesis of alkaline earth metal bis(disilylamides) via the transmetallation reaction. Whereas bis[2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-2,5-disilaaza-cyclo-pentyl]stannylene 1 is a suitable reagent for this type of reaction, bis[trimethylsilyl-tris(trimethylsilyl)silylamino]stannylene 2 (monoclinic, P21/c, a = 1492.6(2), b = 1705.2(2), c = 1865.3(3) pm, β = 109.03(2)º, Z = 4) is not only attacked at the Sn—N-bond but also the N—Si-bond is cleaved by calcium metal. Similar light sensitivity as for 2 is observed for the mercury bis[trimethylsilyl-tris(trimethylsilyl)silylamide] 3, the homolytic M—N-bond cleavage leads to the formation of the trimethylsilyl-tris(trimethylsilyl)silylamino radical (g = 2.00485; a(N) = 16.2 G). The calcium tin exchange reaction of 1 in THF yields tris(tetrahydrofuran-O)calcium-bis[2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-2,5-disilaaza-cyclo-pentanide] 4 (monoclinic, P21/n, a = 1060.9(2), b = 1919.3(5), c = 1686.0(3) pm, β = 90.30(2)º, Z = 4). The stannanes Men-4Sn[N(SiMe3)2]n with n = 1 or 2 are also valuable materials for the synthesis of bis(tetrahydrofuran-O)calcium-bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)amide].
    Notes: Stannylene und Stannane mit substituierten Disilylamino-Substituenten eignen sich als Edukte für die Transmetallierungsreaktion zur Synthese von Calcium-bis(disilylamiden). Anwendung fanden Bis[2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-2,5-disilaaza-cyclo-pentyl]stannylen 1 und Bis[trimethylsilyl-tris(trimethylsilyl)silylamino]stannylen 2 (monoklin, P21/c, a = 1492,6(2), b = 1705,2(2), c = 1865,3(3) pm, β = 109,03(2)º, Z = 4). Bei der Verwendung von 2 greift das destillierte Calcium allerdings nicht nur die Sn - N-, sondern auch die N—Si-Bindung an. Ähnlich wie bei dem Quecksilber-bis[trimethylsilyl-tris(trimethylsilyl)silylamid] 3 beobachtet man bereits bei Tageslicht die homolytische Spaltung der Sn—N- bzw. Hg—N-Bindung und die Bildung des Trimethylsilyl-tris(trimethylsilyl)silylamino-Radikals 5 (g = 2,00485; a(N) = 16,2G). Der heterogen geführte Zinn-Calcium-Austausch bei Verbindung 1 in THF führt in guten Ausbeuten zum Tris(tetrahydrofuran-O)calcium-bis[2,2,5,5-tetramethyl-2,5-disilaaza-cyclo-pentanid] 4 (monoklin, P21/n, a = 1060,9(2), b = 1919,3(5), c = 1686,0(3) pm, β = 90,30(2)º, Z = 4). Auch die Stannane Men-4Sn[N(SiMe3)2]n mit n = 1 oder 2 eignen sich als Synthone zur Synthese von Bis(tetrahydrofuran-O)calcium-bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)amid].
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Benzamidinates ; Strontium-bis[N,N′-bis(trimethylsilyl)benzamidinate] ; Barium-bis[N,N′-bis(trimethylsilyl)benzamidinate] ; X-ray Structures ; Spectroscopic Data ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Strontium and Barium Bis[N,N′-bis(trimethylsilyl)benzamidinates] from the Addition Reaction of the Alkaline Earth Metal Bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)amides] and BenzonitrileThe reaction of strontium bis[bis trimethylsilyl)amide] with benzonitrile yields strontium bis[N,N′- bis(trimethylsilyl)benzamidinate] · 2THF, which crystallizes in the orthorhombic space group Pbcn (a = 1845.4(3); b = 131 1,3(2); c = 1838,(3) pm; Z = 4). During the similar reaction of barium bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)amide] with benzonitrile the benzonitrile adduct barium bis[N,N′-bis(trimethylsilyl)benzamidinate] · 2 THF · benzonitrile is formed. After the addition of diphenylacetylene to the strontium di(benzamidinate) in diglyme a clathrate of the composition strontium bis[N,N′-bis(trimethylsilyl)benzamidinate] · diglyme · diphenylacetylene could be isolated; the spectroscopic data as well as the X-ray structure (monoclinic, C2/c, a = 1492.2(2); b = 1539.1(2); c = 2337.8(3)pm; Z = 4) confirm the isolated appearance of the acetylene molecule without interaction to the metal center in solution and in the solid state, respectively.
    Notes: Bei der Umsetzung des Strontiumbis[bis(trimethylsilyl)amids] mit Benzonitril in THF bildet sich Stronitium-bis[N,N′-bis(trimethylsilyl)benzamidinat] · 2THF, das in der orthorhombischen Raumgruppe Pbcn mit {a = 1 845,4(3); b = 1311,4(2); c = 1838,8(3) pm, Z = 4} kristallisiert. Die entsprechende Reaktion des Barium-bis[bis(trimethylsilyl)amids] mit Benzonitril ergibt das Benzonitril-Addukt Barium bis[N,N′ -bis(trimethylsilyl)benzamidinat] · 2 THF · Benzonitril. Nach der versuchsweisen Umsetzung des Strontium-di(benzamidinats) mit Diphenylacetylen in Diglyme läßt sich ein Clathrat der Zusammensetzung Strontiumbis[N,N′-bis(trimethylsilyl)benzamidinat] · Diglyme · Diphenylacetylen erhalten, dessen spektroskopische und strukturanalytische Untersuchungen (monoklin, C2/c, a = 1492,2(2); b = 1539,1(2); c = 2337,8(3) pm; β = 100,74(1)°; Z = 4) das Vorliegen eines unkomplexierten Diphenylacetylen-Moleküls sowohl in Lösung als auch im Festkörper bestätigen.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Zeitschrift für die chemische Industrie 97 (1985), S. 1050-1050 
    ISSN: 0044-8249
    Keywords: Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0044-8249
    Keywords: Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0570-0833
    Keywords: Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0570-0833
    Keywords: Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Additional Material: 2 Ill.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0947-6539
    Keywords: charge transfer ; EPR spectroscopy ; organometallic compounds ; platinum compounds ; spectroelectrochemistry ; Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: In spite of their very similar cyclic voltammograms, absorption spectra, and solvatochromic behavior, the two 1,4-diazabutadiene title complexes exhibit markedly different photoreactivities and underlying electronic structures, as evident from absorption and EPR spectra of the persistent anion radical forms. The lowest excited state of the nonphotoreactive PtII system [(CyN=CH—CH=NCy)-PtMe2] has MLCT (metal-to-ligand charge-transfer, 5d → π*) character, and the EPR spectrum of the corresponding anion radical at 〈g〉 = 2.016 exhibits sizable metal/ligand orbital mixing. On the other hand, the structurally characterized PtIV complex [(CyN=CH—CH=NCy)-PtMe4] (C2/c; a = 2021.6(2), b = 805.3(1), c = 1254.2(1) pm; β = 111.05(1)°; V = 1905.7(4) × 106 pm3; Z = 4) has a lowlying photoreactive LLCT (ligand-to-ligand charge-transfer, σPt—C → π*) excited state in which the axial Pt—C bonds are activated, as already suggested by the longer Pt—C(ax) bonds (214.0(8) pm) relative to Pt—C(eq) in the ground state (204.5(5) pm). The anion radical of the PtIV complex has lost the long-wavelength absorption band in the visible; it shows a well-resolved EPR spectrum at 〈g〉 = 1.9945 with π-ligand and 195Pt hyperfine structure and a small g anisotropy. A qualitative MO scheme is presented to account for the similar frontier-orbital energy differences despite dissimilar underlying electronic structures.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0009-2940
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Electronic Stabilization Through 7-π Electron Conjugation in Heterocycles. Molecular and Crystal Structure of an Inert Monocyclic Radical CationThe 1,4-diethylpyrazinium (1) and -quinoxalinium (2) cation radicals are more stable than methylviologen and phenazinium radical cations and do not show association in concentrated solution or in the solid, as demonstrated by ESR and by a crystal structure analysis of 1(BPh4). Isolation of these unusually stable radical ions has been accomplished for the first time, their persistence stands in contrast to conventional conceptions of radical stabilization which involve either steric shielding or extensive π electron delocalization over many π centers.
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