Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Six epoxy networks with various structures built up from a diepoxy prepolymer, DGEBA, and three different diamines or mixtures of a monoamine and a diamine were studied by dynamic mechanical analysis in the glass transition region. The systems were designed in order to investigate the dependence of glass transition Tg on both crosslink density and network chain flexibility. The time (frequency) - temperature superposition principle (WLF equation) was used to determine the viscoelastic coefficients Cg1 and C2g which are related to some free volume characteristics on the molecular scale. Cg1, related to the free volume fraction available at Tg depends mainly on crosslink density, even though the product Cg1C2g, related to the free volume expansion coefficient, is dependent on both chain flexibility and crosslink density. Thus, viscoelastic properties determined over large temperature and frequency ranges are shown to yield more precise information on epoxy network structure than the simple analysis of glass transition temperature.
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