Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
The possible multimodal sorption mechanisms in glassy amorphous poly-ether-ether-ketone (PEEK) are presented. By varying the penetrant-polymer affinity, experimental temperature, and external solvent activity, a broad range of sorption behaviors from ideal Fickian diffusion to limiting relaxation controlled kinetics is observed. In particular, water, methylene chloride, and n-heptane sorption kinetics are analyzed and interpreted on the basis of the multiple transport mechanisms. Low uptake liquid n-heptane sorption follows ordinary Fickian diffusion. Analogously, water vapor at low activity, is sorbed in small amounts in the same limiting mode while, at higher activities, the moderately higher penetrant uptakes induce slow relaxation coupled with ideal Fickian diffusion. The highly interacting methylene chloride leads to ideal Fickian diffusion only at very low activities, while anomalous non-ideal Fickian diffusion and limiting Case II and diffusion controlled swelling are observed at moderate and at high solvent activities, respectively. Limiting Case II sorption of methylene chloride in PEEK has been observed only at a very low temperature (-32°C). The optical microscopy observations of cryogenically fractured samples contacted with liquid methylene chloride at 5, 20 and 36°C revealed the presence of a sharp front moving linearly with the square root of time. Solvent induced crystallization in methylene chloride swollen samples was detected by means of differential scanning calorimetry (DSC) and wide angle X-ray scattering (WAXS). Finally, sorption from liquid methylene chloride/n-heptane solutions with varying compositions are presented. The progressive increase of the more high sorbing methylene chloride concentration in the solutions, leads to the same wide variety of sorption behavior observed in the methylene chloride vapor sorptions. The gas chromatographic (GC) analysis indicated that the presence of methylene chloride enhanced the n-heptane sorption in the polymer.
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