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  • Chemical Engineering  (35)
  • Atomic, Molecular, and Optical Physics  (1)
  • Instable interface  (1)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-4897
    Keywords: MMC ; Nickel coated graphite ; Squeeze casting ; Instable interface ; Electroplating
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract Metal Matrix Composites (MMC's) reinforced with continuous fibers were generally fabricated by a foil-sandwich technique or by liquid metal infiltration. Liquid metal infiltration may be used to cast final shapes in molds containing fiber preforms. It is also used to make composite wire from which may be fabricated panels and shapes by hot-press diffusion bonding or pultrusion. The major drawback of this method is that the molten matrix must wet the fiber for successful infiltration to occur, requiring special fiber surface treatments or matrix additives, and that, molten metals generally dissolve or degrade the fibers, necessitating a barrier coating on the fibers. All these problems can be solved using carbon fibers coated with metallic layers, e.g. nickel. This work analyses an easy method to produce modified carbon fibers by electroplating and the process of its recristallization. The topography of the growth front of the deposit has been studied. At temperatures higher than about 300° C an annealing under vacuum is required, because of the high reactivity of metal coating, nevertheless the heat treatment of metal deposit produces always an embrittled material.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 15 (1975), S. 137-149 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The fundamental analysis of the mechanical response of composite media involves investigations on two levels of abstructions: the micro and the macro scale. These areas of study are known as micromechanics and lamination theory. This format is employed to treat a series of problems concerning (1) stiffness, creep, or viscoelastic properties; (2) strength and expansion properties for oriented continuous and short fibers; (3) randomly oriented fibers; (4) injection-molded materials; and (5) particulate reinforcements.
    Additional Material: 25 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 15 (1975), S. 35-39 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Tensile properties of a poly(2-hydroxyethyl methacrylate) (PHEMA) network filled with various amounts of glass beads, in the dry and the equilibrium water-swollen states, have been studied below and above Tg. The temperature ranged from 5° C to 170° C and the volume fraction of the filler was up to 50 percent. In the glassy region it has been found that the temperature at which the transition from brittle to ductiel behavior occurs is increased by the presence of the filler. In the brittle zone the strength of the composites is decreased by the presence of the filler and can be predicted by using a finite element method; in the ductile zone, however, the strength of the composites reaches that of the unfilled polymer.In the rubbery region failure envelopes have been obtained for both dry and swollen PHEMA/glass bead composites. Using a double shift procedure all the data have been superimposed to obtain universal failure envelopes for the two different states. The dependence of the shift factors on filler content is discussed.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The hot drawing of extruded composite sheets can be used to control the orientation of both matrix and reinforcing fibers. A study was made of the effect of draw ratio on the properties of an extruded polystyrene sheet containing 0 to 1 percent of short glass fibers. An increase in draw ratio resulted in an increase in fiber orientation. A model of a rigid fiber rotating in an elongational flow field was used to describe the effect of draw ratio on the final orientation distribution. An increase in draw ratio also caused an increase in the amount of fiber breakage. A shear-lag analysis was used to estimate the extent of damage as a function of draw ratio. It was also found that the mechanical properties were dependent upon both the draw ratio and fiber concentration.
    Additional Material: 14 Ill.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 24 (1984), S. 469-472 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: This paper shows that the tensile properties of high-density stiff foams having cellular structures consisting of spherical voids can be described and predicted by simple rules. These rules are derived from other known and experimentally established relationships describing particulate systems of continuous glassy matrices containing a uniform dispersion of solid glass beads.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: The rheological and thermokinetic aspects of the cure of epoxy based composite laminates are analyzed by means of a computer program developed using the heat transfer and heat generating characteristics of a polymerizable system. In particular, the temperature and degree of cure influence on the resin viscosity have been first considered, then the temperature profiles, calculated according to an appropriate kinetic and heat transfer modeling, have been used to predict the corresponding viscosity profiles. Molecular and thermocalorimetric parameters are used for the prediction of the theoretical chemorheological behavior. Commercial epoxy systems commonly used in the preparation of carbon fiber laminates have been characterized by Differential Scanning Calorimetry (DSC) and dynamic viscosity measurements and the results are compared with the theoretically predicted values.
    Additional Material: 17 Ill.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Stamford, Conn. [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Polymer Engineering and Science 30 (1990), S. 314-320 
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Dynamic-mechanical and dielectric characterization of the cold crystallization of PEEK has been performed in order to develop a non-destructive evaluation method of crystallinity in thermoplastic matrices. The Avrami approach is applied here to describe the Poly(ether ether ketone) (PEEK) crystallization kinetics after an appropriate reduction of dynamic-mechanical and dielectric parameters. Avrami exponents obtained from dielectric characterization are comparable with those obtained with DSC measurements reported in literature, while the exponents obtained from the dynamic-mechanical characterization are higher, reflecting also changes in the aspect ratio of the growing crystals. Variations in the glass transition temperature detected during cold crystallization are analyzed and analogies between PEEK and PET are discussed.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0032-3888
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Water sorption in epoxy based materials was analyzed by dielectric spectroscopy using remote sensors. A method to determine diffusion coefficients from the changes in permittivity during water absorption is proposed and was verified experimentally by comparison with standard water gain measurements. Although the technique is limited by electrode polarization phenomena, it is sensitive to the presence of water molecules and is capable of detecting different levels of water concentration as a function of frequency. The utilization of remote sensors demonstrated the capability of dielectric analysis to be applied both in the laboratory environment, and on a larger scale, as a nondestructive technique for monitoring environmental changes in actual polymer matrix composite parts.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0272-8397
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: The effect of water absorption on the stress transferability across E-glass fiber/nylon 6 interface has been studied using the embedded single fiber composite technique. The behavior of silane coated fiber and untreated fiber composites after periods of water immersion were compared. The silane coating provided both higher interfacial shear stress transferability and protection from permanent water damage in the interphase region. It was found that water absorption in the nylon matrix reduced the shear stress transferability through plasticization of the matrix, weakening of the interface, and the development of tensile swelling stresses at the phase boundaries. In untreated materials the shear stress transferability was limited by decoupling of the matrix from the broken fiber ends by either interface slippage or local plane strain fracture in the interphase region near the fiber end. In the silane treated materials the shear stress transferability was limited by constrained yielding of the polysiloxane/nylon interphase at the fiber end, thus indicating plasticization of the matrix was the primary factor. After 20 days of water immersion, there was permanent deterioration of stress transferability in the untreated samples, but very little permanent damage in the treated samples.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0272-8397
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: The effect of filler content and applied electrical field on the electrical resistivity of poly(methyl methacrylate) (PMMA) filled with aluminum particles was investigated. The resistivity of such composite suddenly decreases by several orders of magnitude at a critical volume concentration φc. In addition, for filler contents lower than φc, the PMMA/Al composite undergoes a transition from a high to a low resistance material in correspondence of a critical value of the external applied electrical field. This value has been related to thermal breakdown occurring in the regions between conductive particles. Moreover, the permittivity spectrum as a function of frequency is reported for composites of several filler contents, and the Lal and Parshad law was used to correlate the experimental data.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
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