ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 0886-1544
    Keywords: monoclonal antibody ; phosphoproteins ; basal bodies ; morphogenesis ; Paramecium ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The presence of phosphorylated proteins associated with microtubule organizing centers in tissue culture cells during mitosis has been demonstrated by the use of monoclonal antibodies raised against mitotic HeLa cells [Vandre et al., Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A. 81:4439-4443, 1984]. We report here that in Paramecium two of the mitosis specific antibodies, MPM-1 and MPM-2, decorate throughtout the cell cycle all the microtubule organizing centers (MTOCs) located in the cortex and in the oral apparatus (gullet). Immuno-electron microscopy showed that these antibodies labeled the electron-dense material surrounding basal bodies from which several microtubule networks as well as kinetodesmal fibers originate. During mitosis, these antibodies also stained other cortical cytoskeletal structures, the kinetodesmal fibers (MPM-1 and MPM-2) and the epiplasm (MPM-1). Among the different polypeptides recognized by the antibodies on immunoblots, three major ones of 60, 63, and 116 kDa were found to be common to the cortex (where several thousand ciliary basal bodies are anchored) and the oral apparatus (which comprises several hundred basal bodies around which various arrays of cytoplasmic microtubules are organized). Alkaline phosphatase treatment abolished the immunoreactivity of the polypeptides and the labeling observed by immunofluorescence. These results demonstrate that phosphorylated proteins are associated with all the known active microtubule organizing centers present in the cortex throughout the cell cycle of Paramecium. Furthermore they indicate that in Paramecium phosphorylation of proteins could also be involved in the cell cycle dependent dynamics of cortical cytoskeletal structures other than microtubules.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Molecular Reproduction and Development 42 (1995), S. 359-368 
    ISSN: 1040-452X
    Keywords: In situ ; Mitochondria ; Nucleoli ; Oocytes ; RNase MRP RNA ; Xenopus laevis ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: RNase MRP is a ribonucleoprotein endoribonuclease found predominantly in nucleoli, but which has been associated with mitochondria and mitochondrial RNA processing. In order to analyze the intracellular localization of specific RNA components of ribonucleoproteins of this type, a whole-mount method for in situ hybridization in Xenopus laevis oocytes was employed. Results with specific probes (for both mitochondrial and nonmitochondrial RNAs) indicate that this procedure is generally effective for the detection of a variety of nucleic acids that reside in different cellular compartments. Probes used to detect the endogenous RNA component of RNase MRP (MRP RNA) during X. laevis oogenesis revealed a continuous nuclear signal as well as a possible dual localization of MRP RNA in nucleoli and mitochondria at developmental stages temporally consistent with both ribosomal and mitochondrial biogenesis. Genomic DNA encoding MRP RNA was injected into the nuclei of stage VI oocytes and correctly transcribed. The in vivo-transcribed RNA was properly assembled with at least some of its cognate proteins as demonstrated by immunoprecipitation with specific autoantiserum. In addition, detectable levels of the RNA were exported to the cytoplasm. This whole-mount procedure has permitted us to identify MRP RNA in situ at different developmental time points as well as during transcription of the injected gene, and suggests differential localization of MRP RNA during oogenesis consistent with its proposed function in both mitochondria and nucleoli. © 1995 wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 0886-1544
    Keywords: actomyosin ; smooth muscle contraction ; nonmuscle cell motility ; microinjection ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The effects of monoclonal anti-caldesmon antibodies, C2, C9, C18, C21, and C23, on the binding of caldesmon to F-actin/F-actin-tropomyosin filaments and to Ca++/calmodulin were examined in an in vitro reconstitution system. In addition, the antibody epitopes were mapped by Western blot analysis of NTCB (2-nitro-5-thiocyanobenzoic acid) and CNBr (cyanogen bromide) fragments of caldesmon. Both C9 and C18 recognize an amino terminal fragment composed of amino acid residues 19 to 153. The C23 epitope lies within a fragment ranging from residues 230 to 386. Included in this region is a 13-residue repeat sequence. Interestingly this repetitive sequence shares sequence similarity with a sequence found in nuclear lamin A, a protein which is also recognized by C23 antibody. Therefore, it is likely that the C23 epitope corresponds to this 13-residue repeat sequence. A carboxyl-terminal 10K fragment contains the epitopes for antibodies C2 and C21. Among these antibodies, only C21 drastically inhibits the binding of caldesmon to F-actin/F-actin-tropomyosin filaments and tc Ca++/calmodulin. When the molar ratio of monoclonal antibody C21 to caldesmon reached 1.0, a maximal inhibition (90%) on the binding of caldesmon to F-actin filaments was observed. However, it required double amounts of C21 antibody to exhibit a maximal inhibition of 70% on the binding of caldesmon to F-actin-tropomyosin filaments. These results suggest that the presence of tropomyosin in F-actin enhances caldesmon's binding. Furthermore, C21 antibody also effectively inhibits the caldesmon binding to Ca++/calmodolin. The kinetics of C21 inhibition on caldesmon's binding to Ca++/calmodulin is very similar to the inhibition obtained by preincubation of caldesmon with free Ca++/calmodulin. This result suggests that there is only one Ca++/calmodulin binding domain on caldesmon and this domain appears to be very close to the C21 epitope. Apparently, the Ca++/calmodulin-binding domain and the actin-binding domain are very close to each other and may interfere with each other. In an accompanying paper, we have further demonstrated that microinjection of C21 antibody into living chicken embryo fibroblasts inhibit intracellular granule movement, suggesting an in vivo interference with the functional domains [Hegmann et al., 1991: Cell Motil. Cytoskeleton 20:109-120].
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 0886-1544
    Keywords: microtubule dynamics ; β-tubulin ; mitosis ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Microtubule (MT) dynamics vary both spatially and temporally within cells and are thought to be important for proper MT cellular function. Because MT dynamics appear to be closely tied to the guanosine triphosphatase (GTPase) activity of β-tubulin subunits, we examined the importance of MT dynamics in the budding yeast S. cerevisiae by introducing a T107K point mutation into a region of the single β-tubulin gene, TUB2, known to affect the assembly-dependent GTPase activity of MTs in vitro. Analysis of MT dynamic behavior by video-enhanced differential interference contrast microscopy, revealed that T107K subunits slowed both the growth rates and catastrophic disassembly rates of individual MTs in vitro. In haploid cells tub2-T107K is lethal; but in tub2-T107K/tub2-590 heterozygotes the mutation is viable, dominant, and slows cell-cycle progression through mitosis, without causing wholesale disruption of cellular MTs. The correlation between the slower growing and shortening rates of MTs in vitro, and the slower mitosis in vivo suggests that MT dynamics are important in budding yeast and may regulate the rate of nuclear movement and segregation. The slower mitosis in mutant celis did not result in premature cytokinesis and cell death, further suggesting that cell-cycle control mechanisms “sense” the mitotic slowdown, possibly by monitoring MT dynamics directly. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 5
    ISSN: 0886-1544
    Keywords: cytoskeleton ; murine leukemia viruses ; formaldehyde fixation ; membrane permeability ; immunofluorescence ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Mouse fibroblasts chronically infected with Moloney murine leukemia virus (MuLV) were fixed using variable amounts of formaldehyde, then examined by indirect immunofluorescence light microscopy. Several antisera were employed to detect both external and internal antigens associated with the cells, eg, MuLV gp70, tubulin, vimentin, and actin. Our results indicate that the cell membranes could be partially permeabilized to IgG molecules directed against the three cytoskeletal antigens only after 3.7%, but not 1%, formaldehyde treatment. Complete permeabilization was achieved by subsequent acetone treatment of cells after 3.7% formaldehyde fixation. In such cells, normal-appearing cytoskeletal networks of microtubules and intermediate filaments were observed. Stress fibers were also seen; however, they appeared less numerous and thinner than those of uninfected mouse fibroblasts. Further, a significant amounts of F-actin fluorescence was localized in granules in the cytoplasm of infected cells. Similar observations were made using JLS-V9 mouse cells chronically infected with 334C virus, another MuLV. These results taken together suggest that subtle differences exist in the organization of actin within MuLV-infected and uninfected mouse fibroblasts.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    Cell Motility and the Cytoskeleton 3 (1983), S. 623-633 
    ISSN: 0886-1544
    Keywords: spectrin ; ankyrin ; brain membranes ; spectrin subunits ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Further similarity between mammalian erythrocyte spectrin and pig brain spectrin has been demonstrated by (a) formation of hybrid molecules with brain α-chains and erythrocyte β-chains and by (b) identification of an ankyrin protein in brain membranes. Hybrid spectrin molecules prepared from brain α-chains and erythrocyte β-chains were visualized by low-angle rotary shadowing as double-stranded rods (dimers) 100 nM in length. 125I-labeled brain α-chain that was hybridized with erythrocyte β-subunit acquired ability to bind to ankyrin sites on erythrocyte membranes. 125I-labeled brain α-chain bound only to β-subunits of erythrocyte and brain spectrin following transfer of these polypeptides to nitrocellulose paper from sodium dodecyl sulfate (SDS) gels. Thus brain spectrin and mammalian erythrocyte spectrin have shared functional sites involved in association of their subunits. Additional evidence for similarity of brain and erythrocyte membranes is the finding of a 210,000 Mr membrane protein in brain that cross-reacts with erythrocyte ankyrin and has a water-soluble domain of 72,000 Mr that is produced by protease digestion. The 72,000 Mr domain of brain ankyrin has been isolated by affinity chromatography on erythrocyte spectrin-Sepharose, and was demonstrated to bind directly to erythrocyte and brain spectrin. The brain 72,000 Mr fragment has distinct peptide maps from the erythrocyte 72,000 Mr ankyrin fragment and thus is not a result of erythrocyte contamination.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 7
    ISSN: 0741-0581
    Keywords: Freeze fractures ; Vesicles ; Liquid crystal ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
    Notes: A computer-aided graphics approach to correlating transmission electron microscope images of freeze-fractured and thin-sectioned samples is outlined. Any three-dimensional model of the imaged structure can be mathematically sectioned to provide a two-dimensional representation of the model in the “fracture” plane. The method is used to demonstrate that the structure of lamellar liquid crystalline liposomes is based on a family of Dupin cyclides; closed, parallel surfaces with a conjugate ellipse and hyperbola as curvature defects.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 8
    ISSN: 1059-910X
    Keywords: Cryopreservation ; Mammalian oocyte ; Cytogenetics ; Fertilization ; Embryogenesis ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Natural Sciences in General
    Notes: This study examined the effects of cryopreservation on cellular organization, chromosomal complement, and developmental potential of immature and mature mouse and human oocytes. Chromosomal analyses were performed by DNA fluorescence microscopy and karyotyping on the same metaphase II-stage oocytes before and after freezing. Cellular analyses involved electron microscopy, time-lapse video recording, and fluorescent-probe microscopy of cortical granules. The findings demonstrate that while profound cytoplasmic, nuclear, and nucleolar alterations occur in the immature oocyte during cryopreservation, an apparently normal nucleus and cytoplasm is re-established progressively after thawing and culture. The resulting oocytes mature at high frequency and for the mouse, are fertilizable and capable of normal preimplantation of embryogenesis. Cryopreservation of mature mouse and human oocytes is not accompanied by a significant increase in the frequency of aneuploidy. However, cryopreserved human oocytes, while fertilizable, arrest development during the early cleavage stages and display aberrant patterns of cytokinesis. The possible etiologies of developmental failure in the human embryo that may be related to oocyte cryopreservation, as well as the potential benefits of cryopreservation of the immature oocyte, are discussed with respect to clinical and commercial applications. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 118 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 9
    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The study of the ultrastructure of the kidney tubules of the crocodile was made to compare the cellular structure with the capacity for electrolyte resorption and the ability to create an osmotic gradient across the tubular wall. The crocodile tubular cells were found to differ from the mammalian tubular cells in that they do not have basal infoldings, but instead have open lateral spaces between the cells, similar in many aspects to those found in the mammalian gallbladder. The physiological role of these lateral spaces in solute and fluid transfer is discussed.
    Additional Material: 14 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 10
    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The anatomy and ultrastructure of the lizard kidney (Sceloporus cyanogenys) have been studied by light and electron microscopy. The number of glomeruli was counted' in serial sections and estimated to be 2,000 (in the two kidneys). Beginning with the glomerulus and Bowman's capsule the nephron segments are sequentially: (a) proximal tubule; (b) intermediate ciliated segment consisting of a proximal and distal part; (c) distal tubule, which can be divided into two segments, followed by (d) connecting tubule and (e) initial collecting duct. The initial collecting ducts from several nephrons open into the collecting duct. Tubular epithelium in this lizard has similarities to that of other reptiles, The lateral borders do not overlap like in mammals, but interdigitate by fingerlike projections. The length of the nephron segments was measured in disected tubules and the diameter was measured on light and electron micrographs. From these measurements estimates of inner tubular surface area were made. Together with data from physiological studies (Stolte et al., '76; Schmidt-Nielsen, '76) the estimated surface area was used to calculate transport rates per unit area across the epithelium. Comparisons of structure and transport rates were made between S. cyanogenys and other reptiles and mammals.
    Additional Material: 1 Tab.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...