ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
  • 1
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: 5-(N, N-hexamethylene)-amiloride (HMA) ; 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA) ; chelerythrine ; protein kinase C (PKC) ; serum withdrawal ; internucleosomal DNA cleavage ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Changes in intracellular ion concentrations have been correlated with the activation of an endogenous endonuclease and thus internucleosomal DNA cleavage during apoptosis in many cell types. We investigated whether intracellular pH could play a significant role in apoptotic initiation and progression in C3H-10T1/2 cells, a cell strain that does not exhibit double-stranded DNA cleavage during apoptosis. Protein kinase C and the Na+/H+ antiporter, known regulators of intracellular pH, also were assessed for their involvement in apoptosis of C3H-10T1/2 cells. When a H+ ionophore was used to clamp intracellular pH to 6.0 or below, a significant level of apoptosis was induced in these cells within 6 h, whereas clamping at pH 6.75 did not induce significant amounts of apoptosis until 36 h after acidification. The acidified cells exhibited classic apoptotic morphology and chromatin condensation, similar to serum withdrawn cells, but failed to show internucleosomal DNA cleavage with electrophoresis of genomic DNA. Our results also suggest that the 12-O-tetradecanoylphorbol-13-acetate (TPA)-mediated inhibition of apoptosis in serum withdrawn C3H-10T1/2 cells functions through a sequential activation of protein kinase C and the Na+/H+ antiporter; thus, an alkalinization or an inhibition of acidification is involved in this apoptotic block. Serum withdrawal itself does not appear to act through a negative effect on either protein kinase C or the Na+/H+ antiporter. TPA was also capable of inhibiting the apoptosis induced by specific inhibitors of protein kinase C and the Na+/H+ antiporter, but the inhibition was successful only if the TPA was administered at least 20 min prior to the addition of the enzyme inhibitor. These results indicate that apoptosis in C3H-10T1/2 cells follows a pathway that involves intracellular acidification, but is independent of detectable endonuclease activity. J. Cell. Biochem. 67:231-240, 1997. © 1997 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: New bone formation is associated with an increase in blood flow by the invasion of capillaries. Endothelial cells that line the capillaries can produce paracrine factors that affect bone growth and development, and in turn, could be affected by products produced by bone cells, in particular the osteoblasts. Since osteoblasts produce prostaglandins E2 and F2α (PGE2, PGF2α), it was investigated if these PGs were agonists to bone-derived endothelial cells (BBE) by assessing changes in cAMP and free cytosolic calcium concentration ([Ca2+]i) second messenger generation. We found that confluent cultures of BBE cells, a clonal endothelial cell line derived from bovine sternal bone, responded to 1 μM PGE2 by an increase in cAMP. PGF2α at the same concentration was less potent in stimulating an increase in cAMP production in confluent BBE cells. Subconfluent cells with a morphology similar to that of fibroblastic cells were not as sensitive to PGE2-stimulated cAMP generation. PGF2α failed to elicit any cAMP production in subconfluent cultures. PGE2 and PGF2α both stimulated an increase in [Ca2+]i concentration in a dose-dependent manner. The potency of PGE2 was similar to that of PGF2α in stimulating an increase in [Ca2+]i. The Ca2+ response was mostly independent of extracellular Ca+, was unchanged even with prior indomethacin treatment, was unaffected by caffeine pretreatment, but was abolished subsequent to thapsigargin pretreatment. The PG-induced increase in [Ca2+]i was also dependent on the confluency of the cells. In a subconfluent state, the responses to PGE2 or PGF2α were either negligible, or only small increases in [Ca2+]i were noted with high concentrations of these two PGs. Consistent, dose-dependent increases in [Ca2+]i were stimulated by these PGs only when the cells were confluent and had a cobblestoned appearance. Since it was previously demonstrated that BBE cells respond to parathyroid hormone (PTH) by the production of cAMP, we tested if bovine PTH(1-34) amide bPTH(1 - 34) also increased [Ca2+]i in these cells. No change in [Ca2+]i was found in response to bPTH (1 - 34), although bPTH (1 - 34) stimulated a nine to tenfold increase in cAMP. We conclude that BBE cells respond to PGE2 and PGF2α but not to bPTH(1 - 34) by an increase in [Ca2+]i probably secondary to stimulation of phospholipase C and that the cAMP and [Ca2+]i second messenger responses in BBE cells are dependent on the state of confluency of the cells. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 3
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The role of vascularization in the process of bone resorption has not been clarified. The interactions between vascular endothelium and osteoclast progenitors were analyzed using clonal cell lines of bone-derived endothelial and preosteoclastic cells. Insulin-like growth factor I is a major chemotactic stimulator of preosteoclastic cell migration mediated by bone endothelial cells. Osteoclast precursors rapidly adhered to bone endothelial monolayers. This phenomenon appeared to be cell-specific and mediated through the binding of vitronectin and fibronection receptors to fibronectin. In addition, direct contact with bone endothelial cells induced osteoclast progenitors to differentiate into more mature elements, with the tendency to cluster together to form large multinucleated cells. These findings demonstrated specific in vitro interactions between bone endothelial cells and osteoclast progenitors, offering a new model for understanding the molecular mechanisms which direct the processes of osteoclast recruitment and ontogeny. © 1995 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 8 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 4
    ISSN: 0021-9541
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Increasing evidence suggests that transforming growth factor-β (TGF-β) is involved in bone formation during remodeling. Using a recently cloned human leukemic cell line (FLG 29.1 cells) we demonstrate that these cells synthesize and secrete TGF-β1 and that exogenous or autocrine TGF-β1 can induce the same features of osteoclastic-like cells, exerting its effects through the binding to TGF-β specific receptors. Scatchard analysis of 125I-labeled TGF-β1 to FLG 29.1 cells revealed the presence of a single high affinity binding site with a Kd value of ∼25 pM and a binding capacity of ∼900 sites/cell. Affinity labeling experiments showed that FLG 29.1 cells express type I and type II TGF-β receptors. Stimulation of FLG 29.1 cells with low TGF-β1 doses reduced cell proliferation and increased cell adhesion and tartrate resistant acid phosphatase (TRAcP) activity. Pretreatment of FLG 29.1 cells with TGF-β1 caused a significant and dose-dependent response to calcitonin. Northern blot of total mRNA and analysis of the conditioned media (CM) showed that TGF-β1 was synthesized by FLG 29.1 cells. TPA treatment, which induces partial differentiation of these cells, markedly increased TGF-β1 mRNA expression and growth factor release. The majority of TGF-β1 secreted by TPA-treated cells was in its latent form. However, anti-TGF-β antibodies inhibited TGF-β1 and TPA-induced growth inhibition, calcitonin responsiveness, and TRAcP activity, suggesting that the TPA effect is mediated in part by autocrine TGF-β1 and indicating that the cells can activate and respond to the TGF-β that they secrete. These findings support a potential autocrine role for TGF-β1 in osteoclast differentiation. © 1994 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...