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  • 1
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    Hamburg: German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA)
    Publication Date: 2018-10-10
    Description: Though an important function of the Latin American senates, the confirmation of presidential nominations has drawn little academic attention. This paper assesses empirically the way in which two Latin American upper chambers - the Argentine and Brazilian senates - made use of their confirmation prerogatives between 1989 and 2003, namely, if one of deference to the executive proposals or a more active role including both consultation and oversight. To do this, the article first analyses all nominations regarding outcome (confirmed, rejected and withdrawn) and length of process. Then, the similarities and differences are used to advance some explanatory hypotheses. Special attention is paid to the impact of political factors, mainly divided government, and institutional features, mainly the senates' internal rules for the organization of the legislative work.
    Description: Obgleich eine wichtige Funktion lateinamerikanischer Senate, hat die Bestätigung der Präsidentennominierung wenig akademische Aufmerksamkeit erhalten. Als ein Beitrag, diese Lücke zu füllen, präsentiert dieses Paper eine empirische Untersuchung darüber, wie zwei lateinamerikanische Senate - die Argentiniens und Brasiliens - zwischen 1989 und 2003 von ihrer Bestätigungsprärogative Gebrauch gemacht haben, namentlich ob sie die Vorschläge der Exekutive lediglich 'abgenickt' haben oder ob sie eine aktivere Rolle mit Konsultationen und Kontrollfunktionen eingenommen haben. Hierfür analysiert der Artikel alle Nominierungen und ihren Verlauf, und vergleicht dann Unterschiede und Gemeinsamkeiten zwischen beiden Staaten um Erklärungshypothesen zu formulieren. Besondere Aufmerksamkeit richtet sich dabei auf politische Faktoren (Verhältnis Regierung - Opposition) und institutionelle Aspekte wie das interne Reglement der Senate.
    Keywords: ddc:300 ; Latin American congresses ; Senate ; Argentina ; Brazil ; president-congress relations ; congressional oversight ; senatorial confirmations ; presidential nominations
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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  • 2
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    Hamburg: German Institute of Global and Area Studies (GIGA)
    Publication Date: 2018-10-10
    Description: This paper focuses on the evolution of the institutional presidency - meaning the cluster of agencies that directly support the chief of the executive - in Argentina and Brazil since their redemocratization in the 1980s. It investigates what explains the changes that have come about regarding the size of the institutional presidency and the types of agency that form it. Following the specialized literature, we argue that the growth of the institutional presidency is connected to developments occurring in the larger political system - that is, to the political challenges that the various presidents of the two countries have faced. Presidents adjust the format and mandate of the different agencies under their authority so as to better manage their relations with the political environment. In particular, we argue that the type of government (coalition or single-party) has had consequences for the structure of the presidency or, in other words, that different cabinet structures pose different challenges to presidents. This factor has not played a significant role in presidency-related studies until now, which have hitherto mostly been based on the case of the United States. Our empirical references, the presidencies of Argentina and Brazil, and typical cases of coalitional as well as single-party presidentialism respectively all allow us to show the impact of the type of government on the number and type of presidential agencies.
    Keywords: ddc:300 ; Argentina ; Brazil ; institutional presidency ; presidential office ; coalition presidentialism ; comparative political institutions
    Repository Name: EconStor: OA server of the German National Library of Economics - Leibniz Information Centre for Economics
    Language: English
    Type: doc-type:workingPaper
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