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  • Branchiopoda  (3)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-5117
    Keywords: Branchiopoda ; Branchinella ; taxonomy ; morphology ; India
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The fairy shrimp Branchinella kugenumaensis (Ishikawa) was long considered a widely, though disjunctly, distributed species occurring from Japan through eastern Asia to southern India. Attempts by Raj (1951, 1961) to make the Indian populations a new variety (B. k. var. madurai) on the basis of antennal and frontal appendage morphology and on its distribution pattern, were considered unconvincing by later authors. Our new comparison of Japanese and Indian specimens has revealed several differences. The resting egg shells of B. kugenumaensis from Japan have irregular polygonal fields; whereas, the shells of the Indian taxon have lip-like units covered with spinules. Furthermore, there are lobes lateral to the basal penes in the Indian specimens that are lacking in the Japanese taxon. As well as differences in antennal and frontal appendage morphology. These differences correspond with previous illustrations of populations from both geographic regions and lead us to consider Raj's proposed subspecies as a valid species. This brings the number of accepted species in the genus Branchinella to 34. More specimens will need to be evaluated from the area between India and Japan to determine if B. maduraiensis is endemic to the Indian subcontinent or is more broadly distributed on the Asian mainland.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1573-5117
    Keywords: Branchiopoda ; Anostraca ; genital morphology ; genus concept
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract This paper reviews and extends the knowledge of anostracan penile morphology and its taxonomic significance. Since Linder‘s pioneering classification(based partly on male genital characters), the morphology of both basal and distal penile parts has been applied repeatedly to reorganize or establish higher anostracan taxa, or to extend their diagnoses. In general, the configuration of both basal and distal penile structures follows a constant pattern in well-defined genera. Size and shape of processes and spinulation on the basal (in Linderiella and Chirocephalidae) and the distal parts (in Parartemia), however, may show inter-specific differences. Variability in penile structures in the current genus Brachinella indicates the need for a taxonomic revision of this genus. Similar intra-generic penis morphology may contribute to hybridizability of congeners and validate Dubois‘genus concept for use in anostracans.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-5117
    Keywords: Crustacea ; Branchiopoda ; community ecology ; sympatry ; co-occurrence ; temporary pools
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract We present observations on the frequency of large branchiopod associations found in north-central Mexico, and in Arizona, USA. Of a total of 25 species involved in these assemblages, 12 were common in both areas. Fifty-eight (43.3%) of the ponds in Mexico, and seventy-eight (47%) of those in Arizona had two or more species present. The combinations of species which occurred with highest frequency were Streptocephalus mackini with Thamnocephalus platyurus for Arizona, and T. platyurus, Triops sp., and Leptestheria compleximanus for Mexico. In Mexico, and Arizona, as in many parts of the world, multispecies assemblages of large branchiopods are a common phenomenon. Therefore, the ’common rule‘ of’one-phyllopod-per-habitat‘ advanced by Weise (1964) is inconsistent with field observations. Furthermore, since cases of co-occurrence of two or more congeneric species of Anostraca and Notostraca are not uncommon, generalizations about congeners not coexisting remain applicable only for the Spinicaudata and Laevicaudata. On the basis of the literature, and of observations in the field and in the laboratory, we list potential factors contributing to the co-occurrence of several species within a pond.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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