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  • Bis(1, 3-diketonato)cobalt-bisimidazoles  (1)
  • Polymer and Materials Science  (1)
  • [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2]  (1)
  • Wiley-Blackwell  (3)
  • 1
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Bis(1, 3-diketonato)cobalt-bisimidazoles ; crystal structure ; thermal degradation ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Structure and Thermal Degradation of Bis(1,3-diketonato)cobaltbisimidazolesThe crystal structure of Co(bzac)2(HIm)2. 2MeOH (I) and Co(acac)2(HIm)2 (II) were determined by x-ray diffraction. II: triclinic, space group P1, Z = 2, a = 746.3(1), b = 948.2(1), c = 1396.7(2)pm, α = 85.18(1)°, β = 88.96(1)°, γ = 80.72(1)°, R = 3.0% for a total of 2194 observed reflections. I: monoclinic, P21/c, Z = 2, a = 964.2(3), b = 864.5(2), c = 1769.8(4)pm, β = 98.87(2)°, R = 4.7% for a total of 967 observed reflections. In both compounds centrosymmetric molecules with two bidentate diketonato groups and two imidazole ligands in trans-position are present. The molecules of II are linked by N—H…O-bridges within layers, while in the lattice of I by the interaction with methanol molecules N-H…O-H…O-bridges are formed.The nature of the H-bridges is the deciding factor for the first step of the thermal degradation of the complexes. The N-H…O-bridges of II relieves the change of the acidic protons of the imidazole to the acetylacetonato ligands. Therefore in the first step acetylacetone is eliminated. No such bridges are present in the complex I. Therefore, in the first step, imidazole and methanol are removed. On heating in O-donor solvents the reaction of I is quite analogous, and this is the reason for the application of this complex as a latent initiator of the epoxide polymerisation.
    Notes: Die Kristallstrukturen von Co(bzac)2(HIm)2 · 2MeOH (I) und Co(acac)2(HIm)2 (II) wurden durch Röntgenbeugung bestimmt. II: triklin, Raumgruppe P1, Z = 2, a = 746,3(1), b = 948,2(1) c = 1396,7(2)pm, α = 85,18(1)°, β = 88,96(1)°, γ = 80, 72(1)°, R = 3,0% fur 2194 beobachtete Reflexe; I: monoklin, P21/c, Z = 2, a = 964,2(3), b = 864,5(2), c = 1769,8(4)pm, β = 98,87(2)°, R = 4,7% für 967 Reflexe. In beiden Verbindungen liegen zentrosymmetrische Moleküle vor mit jeweils zwei chelatartig gebundenen Diketonatgruppen und zwei transständigen Imidazol-Liganden. Bei II sind die Moleküle über N—H…O-Brücken zu Schichten miteinander verknüpft, während bei I eine Verkettung über die Methanol-Moleküle mit N—H…O…H…O-Brücken vorliegt. Die Art der H-Brücken ist maßgebend für den ersten Schritt des thermischen Abbaus der Komplexe. Die N—H…O-Brücken von II erleichtern den Übergang der aciden Protonen der Imidazol- auf die Acetylacetonatoliganden. Im ersten Schritt wird daher Acetylaceton abgespalten. Dem Komplex I fehlen solche Brücken, deshalb werden im ersten Schritt Imidazol und Methanol eliminiert. Ganz analog verhält sich I beim Erhitzen in O-Donatorlösungsmitteln (Alkohole, Epoxide). I ist daher als latenter Initiator fur die Polymerisierung von Epoxiden geeignet.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] ; π-acceptor ligands ; reactivity ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Reactions of [Li(TMED)2] [Co(COD)2] with π-Acceptor LigandsThe isoelectronic complexe [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] und (dipy)Ni(COD) are compared as to their reactions with bifunctional nitrogen ligands (1, 4-Diaza-1, 3-diene, α, α′-bipyridine). In each case mixed ligand complexes of the type Li[)Co(COD)] (Solv)x (Solv = THF, TMED) are obtained. The magnetic properties, to a high degree, depend on the π-acceptor strength of the nitrogen ligand. Both diamagnetic (electron configuration 3d10 of cobalt) and paramagnetic complexes, such as Li[(tgd)Co(COD)] (Solv)x, (cobalt (0) with a 3d9-configuration and the radical anion tgd-), are formed (tgd = glyoxal[bis (4-methylphenylimin].[Li(TMED)2] [(dipy)Co(COD)] (IV) reacts with MSA by substitution of COD. In a solution of IV in THF surplus MSA is polymerised. It is unknown, whether the complex IV or TMED as a part of IV are the initiators of the polymerisation.
    Notes: Die isoelektronischen Komplexe [Li(TMED)2][Co(COD)2] und (dipy)Ni(COD) werden in bezug auf ihre Reaktivität gegenüber bifunktionellen Stickstoffliganden (1, 4-Diaza-1, 3-diene, α, α′-Dipypridyl) verglichen. In jedem Fall werden Gemischtliganden-Komplexe des Typs Li[)Co(COD)] (Solv)x (Solv = THF, TMED) erhalten. Das magnetische Verhalten dieser Verbindungen hängt in starkem Maße von der π-Akzeptorstärke des Stickstoffliganden ab; neben diamagnetischen Species (Elektronenkonfiguration 3d10 am Cobalt) steht der paramagnetische Komplex Li[tgd)Co(COD)] (Solv)x, der neben Cobalt(0) das Radikalanion tgd- enthält (tgd = Gloxal[bis(4-methylphenylimin)].[Li(TMED)2] [(dipy)Co(COD)] reagiert mit MSA unter Substitution des COD. Größere Überschüsse an MSA polymerisieren in der Lösung. Unklar bleibt, ob der Komplex oder nur seine Bestandteile diese Polymerisation initiieren.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0021-9304
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Medicine , Technology
    Notes: A study using an electro-osmotic cell suitable for actuating an implantable insulin micropump showed that controlled variable flow rates in the order of 0.2 mL/day are possible. The cell functioned continuously with low energy and power requirements and long service life. The principle of operation is compatible with achieving the very low flow rates necessary if highly concentrated insulin is to be used to avoid frequent insulin reservoir refilling. An electro-osmotic cell, Ag/ AgCl/NaCl(aq)/ cation exchange membrane/NaCl(aq)/ AgCl/ Ag, was connected to a constant current power supply which reversed the direction of the current every 10 mins causing a to-and-fro transport of fluid through the membrane. Flow rates of 0.15-0.60 μL/min were achieved with currents of 2.5-10 mA. At the low flow rate, energy consumption was 6.4 × 10-2 J/μL and peak power requirement was 〈2.0 × 10-4 W. Fluid was transported against a pressure gradient of 52 cm Hg. The cell contained a total electrolyte volume of 〈0.25 mL. The membrane showed no change in properties after 10,000 current reversals (69 days). To function as an actuator for an implantable insulin micropump, the electro-osmotic cell requires a switching and valving assembly; a suitable design for this is briefly considered.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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