ALBERT

All Library Books, journals and Electronic Records Telegrafenberg

feed icon rss

Your email was sent successfully. Check your inbox.

An error occurred while sending the email. Please try again.

Proceed reservation?

Export
Filter
  • Biochemistry and Biotechnology  (2)
Collection
Publisher
Years
  • 1
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A β-glucosidase (E.C. 3.2.1.21) was isolated from the culture filtrate of fungus Trichoderma reesei QM 9414 grown in continuous culture with biomass retention. The crude extracellular enzyme preparation was fractionated by a three-step purification procedure [chromatography on Fractogel HW-55 (S) and Bio-Gel A 0.5 plus final preparative isoelectric focusing] to yield three β-glucosidases with isoelectric points at pH 8.4, 8.0, and 7.4. Only one enzyme (pi 8.4) met the stringent criterion of being homogeneous according to titration curve analysis. This enzyme was then characterized not to be a glycoprotein, although the native protein contained 35% carbohydrate (as glucose). It was found to have an apparent molar mass of 7 × 104 g/mol (SDS-PAGE), exhibited its optimum activity towards cellobiose at pH 4.5 and 70°C (30 min test), and lost less than 3% activity at 50°C over a period of 7 h. The KM values towards cellobiose and p-nitrophenyl-β-D-glucopyranoside were determined to be 0.5mM and 0.3mM, respectively. The enzyme hydrolyzed cellodextrins (cellotriose to cellooctaose) by sequentially splitting off glucose units from the nonreducing end of the oligomers. The extent of the observed transfer reactions varied with the initial substrate concentration. No enzyme activity towards microcrystalline cellulose or carboxymethylcellulose could be detected. The classification of the enzyme as β-glucosidase or exo-β-1,4-glucan glucohydrolase is discussed with respect to the exhibited hydrolytic activities.
    Additional Material: 11 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
  • 2
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: A previously isolated cellodextrin glucohydrolase (β-glucosidase) from Trichoderma reesei QM 9414 is characterized using β-1,4-glucose oligomers with defined degrees of polymerization as soluble substrates. The enzyme splits off glucose units from the nonreducing chain ends of cellooligomers. Besides this hydrolytic activity there is also evidence for transfer activity depending on the concentration and degree of polymerization of substrates. Concentration-time-course data have been gathered for the degradation of cellobiose, cellotriose, cellotetraose, cellopentaose, and cellohexaose covering a wide range of enzyme and substrate concentrations. A Michaelis-Menten type kinetic model has been developed, which is able to satisfactorily describe the complex system of parallel and series reactions during the conversion of oligomers to glucose. The only kind of inhibition considered is competitive inhibition by the final product glucose. The model takes into account the formation of multiple enzyme-substrate complexes and is limited to those conditions, in which no transglucosylation products are observed. Cellodextrins with higher degrees of polymerization are found to be better substrates for this enzyme than is the dimer cellobiose.
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
    Location Call Number Expected Availability
    BibTip Others were also interested in ...
Close ⊗
This website uses cookies and the analysis tool Matomo. More information can be found here...