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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2004-07-17
    Description: Using inorganic carbon measurements from an international survey effort in the 1990s and a tracer-based separation technique, we estimate a global oceanic anthropogenic carbon dioxide (CO2) sink for the period from 1800 to 1994 of 118 +/- 19 petagrams of carbon. The oceanic sink accounts for approximately 48% of the total fossil-fuel and cement-manufacturing emissions, implying that the terrestrial biosphere was a net source of CO2 to the atmosphere of about 39 +/- 28 petagrams of carbon for this period. The current fraction of total anthropogenic CO2 emissions stored in the ocean appears to be about one-third of the long-term potential.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Sabine, Christopher L -- Feely, Richard A -- Gruber, Nicolas -- Key, Robert M -- Lee, Kitack -- Bullister, John L -- Wanninkhof, Rik -- Wong, C S -- Wallace, Douglas W R -- Tilbrook, Bronte -- Millero, Frank J -- Peng, Tsung-Hung -- Kozyr, Alexander -- Ono, Tsueno -- Rios, Aida F -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2004 Jul 16;305(5682):367-71.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA) Pacific Marine Environmental Laboratory, 7600 Sand Point Way NE, Seattle, WA 98115, USA. chris.sabine@noaa.gov〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15256665" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Atmosphere ; Calcification, Physiologic ; Calcium Carbonate/analysis ; Carbon/analysis/metabolism ; Carbon Dioxide/*analysis ; Fossil Fuels ; Hydrogen-Ion Concentration ; *Industry ; Oceans and Seas ; Seawater/*chemistry ; Temperature
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2001-06-08
    Description: Heterologous prime/boost regimens have the potential for raising high levels of immune responses. Here we report that DNA priming followed by a recombinant modified vaccinia Ankara (rMVA) booster controlled a highly pathogenic immunodeficiency virus challenge in a rhesus macaque model. Both the DNA and rMVA components of the vaccine expressed multiple immunodeficiency virus proteins. Two DNA inoculations at 0 and 8 weeks and a single rMVA booster at 24 weeks effectively controlled an intrarectal challenge administered 7 months after the booster. These findings provide hope that a relatively simple multiprotein DNA/MVA vaccine can help to control the acquired immune deficiency syndrome epidemic.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Amara, R R -- Villinger, F -- Altman, J D -- Lydy, S L -- O'Neil, S P -- Staprans, S I -- Montefiori, D C -- Xu, Y -- Herndon, J G -- Wyatt, L S -- Candido, M A -- Kozyr, N L -- Earl, P L -- Smith, J M -- Ma, H L -- Grimm, B D -- Hulsey, M L -- Miller, J -- McClure, H M -- McNicholl, J M -- Moss, B -- Robinson, H L -- P01 AI 43045/AI/NIAID NIH HHS/ -- P30 DA 12121/DA/NIDA NIH HHS/ -- P51 RR000165/RR/NCRR NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2001 Apr 6;292(5514):69-74.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Vaccine Research Center and Yerkes Regional Primate Research Center, Emory University, Atlanta, GA 30329, USA.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/11393868" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: AIDS Vaccines/administration & dosage/*immunology ; Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/immunology/*prevention & control/virology ; Animals ; Antibodies, Viral/blood/immunology ; CD4-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology ; CD8-Positive T-Lymphocytes/immunology ; Germinal Center/immunology ; HIV Antibodies/blood/immunology ; HIV-1/genetics/immunology/physiology ; Immunity, Mucosal ; Immunization, Secondary ; Immunologic Memory ; Interferon-gamma/biosynthesis ; Lymph Nodes/immunology ; Macaca mulatta ; SAIDS Vaccines/administration & dosage/immunology ; Simian Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome/immunology/prevention & ; control/virology ; Simian Immunodeficiency Virus/genetics/immunology/physiology ; T-Lymphocytes/immunology ; Vaccines, DNA/administration & dosage/*immunology ; Vaccines, Synthetic/administration & dosage/immunology ; Vaccinia virus/immunology ; Viral Load
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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