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  • 1
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    American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)
    Publication Date: 1983-04-22
    Description: Monkeys in which nerves innervating the flexor muscles of the forearm and hand (the ulnar or the median nerve) had been surgically cross-united with the nerve innervating the extensor muscles (the radial nerve), and vice versa, showed excellent (ulnar-radial crosses) to moderate (median-radial crosses) control of movement performance after regeneration. Antagonistic movement responses were seen occasionally, but these were corrected almost immediately. Stimulation of the crossed nerves showed that they had innervated the antagonistic muscle groups. The results reveal the capacity of the primate central nervous system to adapt to gross disturbances imposed on the execution of movements by changes in peripheral innervation.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Brinkman, C -- Porter, R -- Norman, J -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1983 Apr 22;220(4595):438-40.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6836289" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Fingers/physiology ; Forearm/*innervation/physiology ; Hand/innervation/physiology ; Humans ; Macaca fascicularis ; Macaca nemestrina ; Median Nerve/physiology ; *Movement ; *Neuronal Plasticity ; Radial Nerve/physiology ; Thumb/physiology ; Ulnar Nerve/physiology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 1983-03-04
    Description: Six structural homologs of spermidine and five of its precursor, putrescine, were studied for their ability to prevent cytostasis of cultured L1210 leukemia cells induced by alpha-difluoromethylornithine (DFMO), a specific inhibitor of putrescine biosynthesis. High-performance liquid chromatography and competition studies with spermidine indicated that the homologs, which vary in the length of the carbon chain separating the amines, penetrated the cells. The structural specificity of the spermidine carrier was defined. Three of the six spermidine homologs supported cell growth during a 48-hour incubation in the presence of DFMO, indicating that a two-carbon extension of spermidine structure was tolerated for biological function. Two of the five putrescine homologs supported growth after being converted by the cells to their respective spermidine homologs. The central nitrogen of spermidine appears to be essential for function since diamines of chain length comparable to that of spermidine did not prevent DFMO cytostasis. No more than 15 percent of the spermidine normally present in L1210 cells was required for cell proliferation in the presence of DFMO.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Porter, C W -- Bergeron, R J -- CA-22153/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- CA-24538/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1983 Mar 4;219(4588):1083-5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6823570" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Cell Division ; *Cell Physiological Phenomena ; Eukaryotic Cells/*physiology ; Leukemia L1210/pathology ; Mice ; Ornithine Decarboxylase Inhibitors ; Putrescine/physiology ; Spermidine/analogs & derivatives/*physiology ; Structure-Activity Relationship
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 1983-09-16
    Description: The saccadic system accurately compensates for perturbations of eye position produced by microstimulation of the superior colliculus. This requires that information about the stimulation-induced change in eye position be provided by an extraretinal source--either proprioceptive endings in extraocular muscles or a centrally generated corollary discharge. It is shown that compensation remains intact after elimination of extraocular muscle proprioception, demonstrating that corollary discharge provides accurate eye position information.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Guthrie, B L -- Porter, J D -- Sparks, D L -- F32 EY05651/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- P30 EY03039/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- R01 EY01189/EY/NEI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1983 Sep 16;221(4616):1193-5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6612334" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; *Eye Movements ; Macaca mulatta ; Oculomotor Muscles/*physiology ; Photic Stimulation ; Proprioception ; *Saccades ; Superior Colliculi/*physiology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 1984-06-01
    Description: The effects of marginal malnourishment , infections, and environmental chemicals on growth and reproductive success in Swiss-Webster white mice and wild deer mice were studied with fractional factorial designs. Interaction effects were discovered. For example, malnourished mice were more sensitive to virus exposure and environmental chemicals (a plant growth regulator or polychlorinated biphenyls). Since several commercial plant growth regulators also appear to suppress the immune system, these results cast doubt on the adequacy of current toxicity testing procedures in which factors are studied individually and not in combination.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Porter, W P -- Hinsdill, R -- Fairbrother, A -- Olson, L J -- Jaeger, J -- Yuill, T -- Bisgaard, S -- Hunter, W G -- Nolan, K -- 5-T32-ES07015/ES/NIEHS NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1984 Jun 1;224(4652):1014-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6426058" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Animals, Wild ; Chlormequat/adverse effects ; Cyclophosphamide/adverse effects ; Encephalomyelitis, Venezuelan Equine/physiopathology ; Environmental Exposure ; Female ; Food Supply ; Growth/*drug effects ; Humans ; Immunity/*drug effects ; Mice ; Nutrition Disorders/physiopathology ; Peromyscus ; Polychlorinated Biphenyls/adverse effects ; Pregnancy ; Reproduction/*drug effects ; Water Supply
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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