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  • Amino Acid Sequence  (6)
  • American Association for the Advancement of Science (AAAS)  (6)
  • Wiley
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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2006-01-28
    Description: Microbial life predominates in the ocean, yet little is known about its genomic variability, especially along the depth continuum. We report here genomic analyses of planktonic microbial communities in the North Pacific Subtropical Gyre, from the ocean's surface to near-sea floor depths. Sequence variation in microbial community genes reflected vertical zonation of taxonomic groups, functional gene repertoires, and metabolic potential. The distributional patterns of microbial genes suggested depth-variable community trends in carbon and energy metabolism, attachment and motility, gene mobility, and host-viral interactions. Comparative genomic analyses of stratified microbial communities have the potential to provide significant insight into higher-order community organization and dynamics.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉DeLong, Edward F -- Preston, Christina M -- Mincer, Tracy -- Rich, Virginia -- Hallam, Steven J -- Frigaard, Niels-Ulrik -- Martinez, Asuncion -- Sullivan, Matthew B -- Edwards, Robert -- Brito, Beltran Rodriguez -- Chisholm, Sallie W -- Karl, David M -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2006 Jan 27;311(5760):496-503.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge, MA 02139, USA. delong@mit.edu〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16439655" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Archaea/classification/*genetics/metabolism ; Archaeal Proteins/chemistry/genetics/metabolism ; Bacteria/classification/*genetics/metabolism ; Bacterial Proteins/chemistry/genetics/metabolism ; Bacteriophages/genetics ; Base Sequence ; Cloning, Molecular ; Cluster Analysis ; Computational Biology ; Cosmids ; DNA, Viral/chemistry/genetics ; Ecosystem ; Gene Library ; *Genes, Archaeal ; *Genes, Bacterial ; Genes, rRNA ; *Genomics ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Pacific Ocean ; Seawater/*microbiology ; Sequence Analysis, DNA ; Water Microbiology
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2006-07-22
    Description: CorA family members are ubiquitously distributed transporters of divalent metal cations and are considered to be the primary Mg2+ transporter of Bacteria and Archaea. We have determined a 2.9 angstrom resolution structure of CorA from Thermotoga maritima that reveals a pentameric cone-shaped protein. Two potential regulatory metal binding sites are found in the N-terminal domain that bind both Mg2+ and Co2+. The structure of CorA supports an efflux system involving dehydration and rehydration of divalent metal ions potentially mediated by a ring of conserved aspartate residues at the cytoplasmic entrance and a carbonyl funnel at the periplasmic side of the pore.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Eshaghi, Said -- Niegowski, Damian -- Kohl, Andreas -- Martinez Molina, Daniel -- Lesley, Scott A -- Nordlund, Par -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2006 Jul 21;313(5785):354-7.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Division of Biophysics, Department of Medical Biochemistry and Biophysics, Karolinska Institute, SE-171 77 Stockholm, Sweden. Said.Eshaghi@ki.se〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/16857941" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Bacterial Proteins/*chemistry/metabolism ; Binding Sites ; Cation Transport Proteins/*chemistry/metabolism ; Chlorides/analysis/metabolism ; Cobalt/chemistry/*metabolism ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Hydrophobic and Hydrophilic Interactions ; Magnesium/chemistry/*metabolism ; Models, Molecular ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Protein Conformation ; Protein Folding ; Protein Structure, Quaternary ; Protein Structure, Secondary ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Sequence Alignment ; Thermotoga maritima/*chemistry ; Water/chemistry
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2005-02-26
    Description: Apical membrane antigen 1 from Plasmodium is a leading malaria vaccine candidate. The protein is essential for host-cell invasion, but its molecular function is unknown. The crystal structure of the three domains comprising the ectoplasmic region of the antigen from P. vivax, solved at 1.8 angstrom resolution, shows that domains I and II belong to the PAN motif, which defines a superfamily of protein folds implicated in receptor binding. We also mapped the epitope of an invasion-inhibitory monoclonal antibody specific for the P. falciparum ortholog and modeled this to the structure. The location of the epitope and current knowledge on structure-function correlations for PAN domains together suggest a receptor-binding role during invasion in which domain II plays a critical part. These results are likely to aid vaccine and drug design.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Pizarro, Juan Carlos -- Vulliez-Le Normand, Brigitte -- Chesne-Seck, Marie-Laure -- Collins, Christine R -- Withers-Martinez, Chrislaine -- Hackett, Fiona -- Blackman, Michael J -- Faber, Bart W -- Remarque, Edmond J -- Kocken, Clemens H M -- Thomas, Alan W -- Bentley, Graham A -- MC_U117532063/Medical Research Council/United Kingdom -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2005 Apr 15;308(5720):408-11. Epub 2005 Feb 24.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Unite d'Immunologie Structurale, Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, URA 2185, Institut Pasteur, 25 rue du Docteur Roux, 75724 Paris, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/15731407" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Motifs ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Antibodies, Monoclonal/immunology ; Antigens, Protozoan/*chemistry/immunology ; Binding Sites ; Crystallization ; Crystallography, X-Ray ; Epitope Mapping ; Epitopes ; Heparin/metabolism ; Malaria Vaccines ; Membrane Proteins/*chemistry/immunology ; Models, Molecular ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Plasmodium falciparum/chemistry/immunology ; Plasmodium vivax/chemistry/*immunology ; Protein Conformation ; Protein Folding ; Protein Structure, Secondary ; Protein Structure, Tertiary ; Protozoan Proteins/*chemistry/immunology ; Recombinant Proteins/chemistry ; Sequence Alignment
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-02-12
    Description: Splicing of mammalian precursor transfer RNA (tRNA) molecules involves two enzymatic steps. First, intron removal by the tRNA splicing endonuclease generates separate 5' and 3' exons. In animals, the second step predominantly entails direct exon ligation by an elusive RNA ligase. Using activity-guided purification of tRNA ligase from HeLa cell extracts, we identified HSPC117, a member of the UPF0027 (RtcB) family, as the essential subunit of a tRNA ligase complex. RNA interference-mediated depletion of HSPC117 inhibited maturation of intron-containing pre-tRNA both in vitro and in living cells. The high sequence conservation of HSPC117/RtcB proteins is suggestive of RNA ligase roles of this protein family in various organisms.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Popow, Johannes -- Englert, Markus -- Weitzer, Stefan -- Schleiffer, Alexander -- Mierzwa, Beata -- Mechtler, Karl -- Trowitzsch, Simon -- Will, Cindy L -- Luhrmann, Reinhard -- Soll, Dieter -- Martinez, Javier -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 2011 Feb 11;331(6018):760-4. doi: 10.1126/science.1197847.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Institute of Molecular Biotechnology of the Austrian Academy of Sciences (IMBA), A-1030 Vienna, Austria.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/21311021" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Exons ; HeLa Cells ; Humans ; Introns ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Proteins/*chemistry/isolation & purification/*metabolism ; RNA Interference ; RNA Ligase (ATP)/*chemistry/isolation & purification/*metabolism ; RNA Precursors/*metabolism ; *RNA Splicing ; RNA, Transfer/*metabolism ; Spliceosomes/metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 1998-02-07
    Description: Rab guanosine triphosphatases regulate vesicular transport and membrane traffic within eukaryotic cells. Here, a kinesin-like protein that interacts with guanosine triphosphate (GTP)-bound forms of Rab6 was identified. This protein, termed Rabkinesin-6, was localized to the Golgi apparatus and shown to play a role in the dynamics of this organelle. The carboxyl-terminal domain of Rabkinesin-6, which contains the Rab6-interacting domain, inhibited the effects of Rab6-GTP on intracellular transport. Thus, a molecular motor is a potential effector of a Rab protein, and coordinated action between members of these two families of proteins could control membrane dynamics and directional vesicular traffic.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Echard, A -- Jollivet, F -- Martinez, O -- Lacapere, J J -- Rousselet, A -- Janoueix-Lerosey, I -- Goud, B -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1998 Jan 23;279(5350):580-5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Unite Mixte de Recherche CNRS 144 et 168, Institut Curie, 26 rue d'Ulm, 75248 Paris Cedex 05, France.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/9438855" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Adenosine Triphosphatases/metabolism ; Alkaline Phosphatase/metabolism ; Amino Acid Sequence ; Biological Transport ; Carrier Proteins/*metabolism ; Endoplasmic Reticulum/metabolism ; Golgi Apparatus/chemistry/*metabolism/ultrastructure ; Guanosine Triphosphate/metabolism ; HeLa Cells ; Humans ; Kinesin/analysis/chemistry/genetics/*metabolism ; Microtubules/metabolism/ultrastructure ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Molecular Weight ; *rab GTP-Binding Proteins ; ras Proteins/*metabolism
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    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 1987-07-24
    Description: Neuronal cells express a pp60c-src variant that displays an altered electrophoretic mobility and a different V8 peptide pattern relative to pp60c-src expressed in tissues of non-neuronal origin. To determine whether the neuronal form of pp60c-src is encoded by a brain-specific messenger RNA, a mouse brain complementary DNA (cDNA) library was screened with a chicken c-src probe and a 3.8-kilobase c-src cDNA clone was isolated. This clone encodes a 60-kilodalton protein that differs from chicken or human pp60c-src primarily in having six extra amino acids (Arg-Lys-Val-Asp-Val-Arg) within the NH2-terminal 16 kilodaltons of the molecule. S1 nuclease protection analysis confirmed that brain c-src RNA contains an 18-nucleotide insertion at the position of the extra six amino acids. This insertion occurs at a position that corresponds to a splice junction in the chicken and human c-src genes. The isolated c-src cDNA clone encodes a protein that displays an identical V8 peptide pattern to that observed in pp60c-src isolated from tissues of neuronal origin.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Martinez, R -- Mathey-Prevot, B -- Bernards, A -- Baltimore, D -- P0I CA38497/CA/NCI NIH HHS/ -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1987 Jul 24;237(4813):411-5.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/2440106" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Base Sequence ; Brain/enzymology ; Chickens ; Cloning, Molecular ; DNA/metabolism ; DNA Restriction Enzymes ; DNA Transposable Elements ; Humans ; Isoenzymes/*genetics ; Mice ; Neurons/*enzymology ; Protein Kinases/*genetics ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins/*genetics ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins pp60(c-src) ; Sequence Homology, Nucleic Acid ; Species Specificity
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    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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