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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: We analyze the inner coma section of a CCD image of comet P/Halley taken at 1807 UT on 13 March 1986 using a C2 filter (wavelength 5000 to 5200A, half maximum) with the 3.8 m Anglo Australian Telescope at Siding Springs, Australia. Atmospheric turbulence leads to a spreading of the image detail and this produces a blander image of the inner coma region with a slower radial decrease of brightness in comparison to the unaffected image. We remove this smearing by utilizing the point spread function of a star on the same CCD image. Jets were then revealed by removing the average background. Analysis of the jet structure enabled us to estimate the lower limit of the parent molecule velocity. This is found to be 0.3 km s(exp -1).
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Asteroids, Comets, Meteors 1991; p 89-92
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A program is described which measures the gravitational acceleration of antiprotons. This idea was approached from a particle physics point of view. That point of view is examined starting with some history of physics over the last 200 years.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA, Relativistic Gravitational Experiments in Space; p 55-58
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The ISEE observations of the pi2 magnetic pulsations occuring substorm onset in the inner magnetosphere are discussed. One of these events which was also detected as a pi2 event by the AFGL midlatitude magnetometers is considered. The event occurred when the foot of the ISEE field line was over North America. The ground and satellite signals are remarkably similar: they start and stop at the same time, have the same period and can be correlated cycle by cycle. The waves are detected in the electric field data from ISEE 1 and in the magnetic field data from both ISEE 1 and ISEE 2. Calculation of the Poynting vector at ISEE 1 shows that the energy flowed mainly westward, but that there was also a component towards the nearer (southern) ionospheric foot of the field line. The phases between the various field components measured by ISEE 1 and 2 indicate that this is a standing hydromagnetic oscillation.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA-TM-84763 , NAS 1.15:84763
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: The Infrared Astronomical Satellite (IRAS) has given us the first completely unbiased sky-survey in the far-infrared with wavebands centered at 12, 25, 60 and 100 microns. The Taurus-Auriga complex was selected as the first molecular cloud to be investigated in this study. The Taurus clouds were defined as lying between 04h and 05h in R.A. and +16 to +31 degrees in Dec., then the IRAS point-source catalogue was searched for sources with good or moderate quality fluxes in all three of the shortest IRAS bands. The sources which were selected in this way were then classified into subgroups according to their IRAS colors. Taurus is generally believed to be an area of low-mass star formation, having no luminous O-B associations within or near to the cloud complex. Once field stars, galaxies and planetary nebulae had been removed from the sample only the molecular cloud cores, T Tauri stars and a few emission-line A and B stars remained. The great majority of these objects are pre-main sequence in nature and, as stated by Chester (1985), main sequence stars without excess far-infrared emission would only be seen in Taurus if their spectral types were earlier than about A5 and then not 25 microns. By choosing our sample in this way we are naturally selecting the hotter and thus more evolved sources. To counteract this, the molecular cloud core-criterion was applied to soruces with good or moderate quality flux at 25, 60 and 100 microns, increasing the core sample by about one third. The candidate protostar B335 is only detected by IRAS at 60 and 100 microns while Taurus is heavily contaminated by cirrus at 100 microns. This means that detection at 25 microns is also required with those at 60 and 100 microns to avoid confusing a ridge of cirrus with a genuine protostar. The far-infrared luminosity function of these sources is then calculated and converted to the visual band by a standard method to compare with the field star luminosity function of Miller and Scalo. The eventual aim of this work is to obtain far-infrared luminosity functions for a number of molecular clouds which are known to be forming low-mass stars and to investigate how the slope is affected by changes in the density and turbulence of material.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: NASA. Ames Research Center Summer School on Interstellar Processes; Abstracts of Contributed Papers; p 1-2
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: Narrow-band images of an unusual swirl structure located near the center of the Puppis A supernova remnant are presented which reveal three overlapping filamentary systems of highly diverse composition. One is dominated by emission lines of nitrogen, one by oxygen, and one by sulfur. Spectra indicate that these small rings have high velocities and a corresponding kinematic age of less than 800 yr. Heavy-element abundances are extremely high and different in each system, some reminiscent of knots in Cas A, and others of circumstellar matter observed surrounding supernova 1987A. The youth and unusual chemistry lead to the suggestion that a second supernova has exploded within the shell of Puppis A, giving rise to the swirl structure.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Nature (ISSN 0028-0836); 337; 48-50
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: An examination is conducted of the cumulative number versus diameter relation for an X-ray selected sample of supernova remnants in the Large Magellanic Cloud in an attempt to understand the evolutionary state of these objects. Previous studies have suggested that the observed linear N(D) relation requires the remnants in the cloud to be freely expanding. Detailed calculations have been carried out to determine the effect of a luminosity threshold on the observed distribution and it is shown that the observations can be fitted by remnants which are in the adiabatic or later stages of evolution. The implications of the results for the supernova creation rate in the LMC are discussed.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 2 - Letters to the Editor (ISSN 0004-637X); 281; L25-L28
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: A model of the spatial density distribution of large (m greater than 10(exp -3) g) cometary meteoroids in the inner solar system is obtained assuming that they have orbits closely associated with that of their parent comet. Distributions of the orbital parameters of the Taurid, Quadrantid and Perseid meteoroid streams are used in developing the model.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Lunar and Planetary Inst., Asteroids, Comets, Meteors 1991; p 403-406
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: A tool for exploring the evolution of X-ray emission from young SNRs is presented which employs a novel approach to the problem of time-dependent ionization in a shock-heated plasma. The solution of this problem is coupled to a spherically symmetric hydrodynamic calculation for the evolution of a point explosion in a uniform medium. The method is applied to Kepler's SNR, and two narrowly constrained classes of models which can simultaneously fit the spectral and morphological features of the object are found. One of these is a Sedov model in which the emission arises from shocked ambient gas, and the other is a reverse-shock model in which the SN ejecta is the dominant source of radiation. The emission from one specific model in each class is compared with the radial surface brightness profile, the 0.2-4.5 keV broadband spectrum, and the 1-3 keV moderate-resolution spectrum of the remnant. Reasonable fits are obtained in both cases.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal, Part 1 (ISSN 0004-637X); 291; 544-560
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: The Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (ASCA) satellite has obtained a moderate-resolution energy spectrum of E0102-72, the brightest Supernova Remnant (SNR) in the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC). This paper reports on the first results of the analysis of the high quality spectrum of E0102-72. The spectrum shows resolved emission lines of He-like K alpha, H-like K alpha and K beta from oxygen, neon, and magnesium. The intensity ratios of these lines cannot be explained by a multi-component plasma model with uniform abundances, but requires abundance inhomogeneity in the plasma. We demonstrate how the spectral capabilities of the ASCA SIS make available new diagnostics of X-ray plasmas in a state of non-equilibrium ionization. Some interpretation based on the spectral analysis is also given.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: PASJ: Publications of the Astronomical Society of Japan (ISSN 0004-6264); 46; 3; p. L121-L124
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2013-08-29
    Description: Numerical simulations of the structure of aggregates of grains in the solar system show they are fractals with low density and irregular shapes. Comet nuclei forming from a mixture of ice and dust grains are likely to have nonuniform composition as well as structure. Such a nucleus appears to account for observed characteristic of comets. The structure has significant implications for the evolution of cometary nuclei.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: ESA, Proceedings of the 20th ESLAB Symposium on the Exploration of Halley's Comet. Volume 3: Posters; p 523-524
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