We present spectra and multicolor (B, I, K) data for near-infrared (K) selected spatially complete magnitude limited (K is less than 20) galaxy samples from the Hawaii Survey. The redshift indentification of the sample of 298 galaxies is substantially complete to a B magnitude of 26 and an I magnitude of 22.5, and identification of observed galaxies ranges from nearly 100% completeness at K is less than 18 to approximately 70% completeness at K = 19-20. We note that many of the unidentified objects appear to be red (I-K) objects which are flat in the optical and spectroscopically featureless. Strengths of spectral-line features and breaks are tabulated for the 262 galaxies with reasonably secure redshifts. The measured redshifts may nearly all fall at z is less than or approximately 1, with the exception of a compact absorption-line object at z = 2.35. At K is less than or equal to 18, the redshift distribution is well fitted by a model with no luminosity evolution, implying that from the K-band Hubble diagram, the Hubble constant can vary at most by 10% over the redshift range from z approximately 0.025 to 0.25, and that positive luminosity evolution at any significant level between z = 0 and z = 1 is ruled out. However, the evolution of both the emission-line strengths and the 4000 A break indicates that galaxies were undergoing significantly more star formation at z = 1 than at the present time.
The Astrophysical Journal (ISSN 0067-0049); 94; 2; p. 461-515