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  • Other Sources  (11)
  • ASTROPHYSICS  (8)
  • ASTRONOMY  (3)
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  • Other Sources  (11)
  • 1
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: The discovery of a 110-ms pulsar, PSR2127+11, in the globular cluster M15, is reported. The results of nine months of timing measurements place the new pulsar about 2 arcsec from the center of the cluster, and indicate that it is not a member of a close binary system. The measured negative value of the period derivative is probably the result of the pulsar being bodily accelerated in our direction by the gravitational field of the collapsed core of M15. This apparently overwhelms a positive contribution to the period derivative due to magnetic braking. Although the pulsar has an unexpectedly long period, it is argued that it belongs to the class of 'recycled' pulsars, which have been spun up by accretion in a binary system. The subsequent loss of the pulsar's companion is probably due to disruption of the system by close encounters with other stars.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Nature (ISSN 0028-0836); 337; 531-533
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  • 2
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: Techniques are described for accounting for relativistic effects in the analysis of pulsar signals. Design features of instrumentation used to achieve millisecond accuracy in the signal measurements are discussed. The accuracy of the data permits modeling the pulsar physical characteristics from the natural glitches in the emissions. Relativistic corrections are defined for adjusting for differences between the pulsar motion in its spacetime coordinate system relative to the terrestrial coordinate system, the earth's motion, and the gravitational potentials of solar system bodies. Modifications of the model to allow for a binary pulsar system are outlined, including treatment of the system as a point mass. Finally, a quadrupole model is presented for gravitational radiation and techniques are defined for using pulsars in the search for gravitational waves.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2011-08-24
    Description: Images of Sgr* A with milliarcsecond resolution obtained by using five telescopes of the partially completed Very Long Baseline Array (VLBA) in conjunction with a few additional telescopes are presented. The image of Sgr A* at a wavelength of 3.6 cm confirms almost exactly the elliptical Gaussian model that has been proposed on the basis of previous data. The source size at 1.34 cm wavelength is 2.4 +/- 0.2 mas, similar to previous results. At both wavelengths, the radio source is smooth, without detectable fine structure. These observations support the suggestion that the radio emission from Sgr A* is strongly scattered by electron-density fluctuations along the line of sight. On the assumption that the emission is due to a black hole accreting stellar winds from massive stars in the central 0.5 pc, the observations are consistent with a black hole mass of less than about 2 million solar masses.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Nature (ISSN 0028-0836); 362; 6415; p. 38-40.
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2011-08-18
    Description: The first detection of interference fringes by VLBI at a wavelength of 3.4 mm during observations of 3C84 are reported. The compact source in the nucleus of 3C84 was observed for a 9-hr period on the 485 km baseline between the Owens Valley Radio Observatory and the Hat Creek Observatory. The fringe data are given and the derivation of the correlated flux densities is described. The findings are discused in the context of previous obervations. The results demonstrate that there are no unforeseen technical difficulties associated with millimeter VLBI, and that the sensitivity of existing systems is sufficient to observe objects brighter than a few Jy. The observations are consistent with the millimeter wavelength radio structure of 3C84 being more compact than its centimeter wavelength structure.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Nature (ISSN 0028-0836); 303; June 9
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  • 5
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-17
    Description: Pulsar wave forms have been analyzed from observations conducted over a wide radio-frequency range to assess the wave-form morphologies and to measure wave-form widths. The results of the analysis compare favorably with the predictions of a model with a hollow-cone beam of fixed dimensions and with random orientation of both the observer and the cone axis with respect to the pulsar spin axis. A class of three-component wave forms is included in the model by adding a central pencil beam to the hollow-cone hypothesis. The consequences of a number of discrepancies between observations and quantitative predictions of the model are discussed.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; 209; Nov. 1
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  • 6
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    In:  Other Sources
    Publication Date: 2011-08-16
    Description: An investigation of the intensity fluctuations of 28 pulsars near 0.4 GHz indicates that spectra of interstellar scintillation are consistent with a Gaussian shape, that scintillation indices are near unity, and that the scintillation bandwidth depends linearly on dispersion measure. Observations at cm wavelengths show that the observer is in the near field of the scattering medium for objects with the lowest dispersion measures, and confirm the steep dependence of correlation bandwidth on dispersion measure found by Sutton (1971). The variations of scattering parameters with dispersion measure may indicate that the rms deviation of thermal electron density on the scale of 10 to the 11th cm grows with path length through the galaxy.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: Astronomy and Astrophysics; 43; 3, Oc; Oct. 197
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-08-27
    Description: Six years of pulse time-of-arrival measurements have been collected from observations of the young, fast pulsar PSR B1951 + 32 in the CTB 80 supernova remnant using the Jodrell Bank and Arecibo radio telescopes. The combined data allow for the determination of a phase connected solution between 1987 August 21 and 1993 September 21. This solution provides an accurate rotational ephemeris for high energy x-ray and gamma-ray observations of this source made during the six years of radio timing observations to an accuracy of better than one tenth of a pulse period (4 ms). The pulsar has an activity parameter comparable with the value seen in the Crab pulsar.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: The Astronomical Journal (ISSN 0004-6256); 108; 1; p. 175-178
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Extragalactic radio sources; Aug 03, 1981 - Aug 07, 1981; Albuquerque, NM
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-06-27
    Description: An analysis of pulsar average waveforms at radio frequencies from 40 MHz to 15 GHz is presented. The analysis is based on the hypothesis that the observer sees one cut of a hollow-cone beam pattern and that stationary properties of the emission vary over the cone. The distributions of apparent cone widths for different observed forms of the average pulse profiles (single, double/unresolved, double/resolved, triple and multiple) are in modest agreement with a model of a circular hollow-cone beam with random observer-spin axis orientation, a random cone axis-spin axis alignment, and a small range of physical hollow-cone parameters for all objects.
    Keywords: ASTRONOMY
    Type: NASA-TM-X-70917 , X-693-75-138
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-06-27
    Description: Pulsar observations at meter wavelengths have been analyzed to investigate pulse-to-pulse variations and to identify regions of the pulse profile which display distinct statistical properties. Fluctuation spectra of eight recently discovered pulsars are presented along with a description of the drifting-subpulse phenomenon in several objects with quasiperiodic responses in their fluctuation spectra. A quantitative analysis of the drifting-subpulse phenomenon in PSR 0031-07 and PSR 0809+74 is given which emphasizes the broad-band nature of the phenomenon. A summary of the memory exhibited by pulsars with time scales of about 50 periods is given.
    Keywords: ASTROPHYSICS
    Type: Astrophysical Journal; 197; Apr. 15
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