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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: IPAD was defined as a total system oriented to the product design process. This total system was designed to recognize the product design process, individuals and their design process tasks, and the computer-based IPAD System to aid product design. Principal elements of the IPAD System include the host computer and its interactive system software, new executive and data management software, and an open-ended IPAD library of technical programs to match the intended product design process. The basic goal of the IPAD total system is to increase the productivity of the product design organization. Increases in individual productivity were feasible through automation and computer support of routine information handling. Such proven automation can directly decrease cost and flowtime in the product design process.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: D6-60181-1A , NASA-CR-132390
    Format: application/pdf
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2013-08-31
    Description: The computing system design of IPAD is described and the requirements which form the basis for the system design are discussed. The system is presented in terms of a functional design description and technical design specifications. The functional design specifications give the detailed description of the system design using top-down structured programming methodology. Human behavioral characteristics, which specify the system design at the user interface, security considerations, and standards for system design, implementation, and maintenance are also part of the technical design specifications. Detailed specifications of the two most common computing system types in use by the major aerospace companies which could support the IPAD system design are presented. The report of a study to investigate migration of IPAD software between the two candidate 3rd generation host computing systems and from these systems to a 4th generation system is included.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NASA-CR-132394 , D6-60181-4
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2016-06-07
    Description: The status of an investigation of four numerical techniques for the time-dependent compressible Navier-Stokes equations is presented. Results for free shear layer calculations in the Reynolds number range from 1000 to 81000 indicate that a sequential alternating-direction implicit (ADI) finite-difference procedure requires longer computing times to reach steady state than a low-storage hopscotch finite-difference procedure. A finite-element method with cubic approximating functions was found to require excessive computer storage and computation times. A fourth method, an alternating-direction cubic spline technique which is still being tested, is also described.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: Aerodynamic Analyses Requiring Advanced Computers, Pt. 1; p 437-468
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-12-01
    Description: The requirement for greater tactical aircraft operational capabilities has led to increasing research emphasis on the refinement of engine/airframe integration methods and exhaust nozzle flexibility. A major prospective advancement in the development of these capabilities takes the form of multifunctional exhaust nozzle systems with thrust reversal and thrust vectoring features, whose operation will be shared by both airframe and powerplant control systems. Attention is presently given to the two-dimensional convergent-divergent and single expansion ramp nozzle designs, with emphasis on the variable geometry mechanical systems by which they assume cruising flight, vectoring, and thrust reversal operations. The nozzles have been wind tunnel model-tested for the cases of the F-18 fighter and a supersonic cruise configuration concept.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 83-1286
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2017-10-02
    Description: As a further demonstration of the capabilities of laser velocity in compressible aerodynamics, measurements obtained in a Mach 2.9 separated turbulent boundary layer and in the transonic flow past a two-dimensional airfoil section are presented and compared to data realized by conventional techniques. In the separated-flow study, the comparisons were made against pitot-static pressure data. Agreement in mean velocities was realized where the pressure measurements could be considered reliable; however, in regions of instantaneous reverse velocities, the laser results were found to be consistent with the physics of the flow whereas the pressure data were not. The laser data obtained in regions of extremely high turbulence suggest that velocity biasing does not occur if the particle occurrence rate is low relative to the turbulent fluctuation rate. Streamwise turbulence intensities are also presented. In the transonic airfoil study, velocity measurements obtained immediately outside the upper surface boundary layer of a 6-inch chord MACA 64A010 airfoil are compared to edge velocities inferred from surface pressure measurements. For free-stream Mach numbers of 0.6 and 0.8, the agreement in results was very good. Dual scatter optical arrangements in conjunction with a single particle, counter-type signal processor were employed in these investigations. Half-micron-diameter polystyrene spheres and naturally occurring condensed oil vapor acted as light scatterers in the two respective flows. Bragg-cell frequency shifting was utilized in the separated flow study.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AGARD Appl. of Non-Intrusive Instr. in Fluid Flow Res.; 12 p
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  • 6
    Publication Date: 2011-08-19
    Description: An account is given of the development status and performance levels achieved with natural laminar flow (NLF), extended wing chord laminar flow control (LFC), and hybrid laminar flow control (HLFC) concepts combining NLF and partial-chord LFC in the leading-edge region. Attention is given to NLF wing structure construction methods capable of achieving the requisite surface-irregularity tolerances, LFC through wing surface suction slots or perforated skins, and the deleterious effects of insects, ice crystals, and noise disturbance inputs on the ability of NLF, LFC, and HLFC wings to maintain effective laminar flow operation.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
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  • 7
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The flow over a 5 deg semi-angle cone at incidence in supersonic flow is studied as a model problem for the flow over aircraft forebodies. A computational method utilizing the conically symmetric Navier-Stokes equations is used to obtain theoretical flow results which are compared with experimental data from the Ames Research Center 6- by 6-Foot Wind Tunnel and with results from a cone model sting mounted on an F-15 aircraft. The computed results agree well with the wind-tunnel data but less well with the flight data. Modification of the algebraic turbulence model was necessary to reflect an apparent lower turbulence level in flight than was present in the wind tunnel.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 80-1422 , Fluid and Plasma Dynamics Conference; July 14-16, 1980; Snowmass, CO
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Results of experimental investigations into turbulent boundary-layer behavior under the influence of pressure gradients and with separation are presented for transonic and supersonic flow fields. In the transonic case, an axisymmetric model was implemented consisting of an annular circular arc bump affixed to a circular cylinder aligned with the flow direction. For the supersonic separation study, an oblique shock wave impinging on the wind tunnel wall boundary layer was employed to cause separation. The mean streamwise and normal velocity components as well as the respective turbulence intensities were obtained with a two-color frequency shifted laser velocimeter.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 77-47 , Aerospace Sciences Meeting; Jan. 24-26, 1977; Los Angeles, CA
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: Radiative transport due to continua, molecular bands and atomic lines in inviscid nonadiabatic shock layer in stagnation region of blunt bodies
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: AIAA PAPER 68-784 , THERMOPHYSICS CONFERENCE; JUN. 24-26, 1968; LOS ANGELES, CA
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2019-07-13
    Description: The Maintenance Document is a guide to the PAN AIR software system, a system which computes the subsonic or supersonic linear potential flow about a body of nearly arbitrary shape, using a higher order panel method. The document describes the over-all system and each program module of the system. Sufficient detail is given for program maintenance, updating and modification. It is assumed that the reader is familiar with programming and CDC (Control Data Corporation) computer systems. The PAN AIR system was written in FORTRAN 4 language except for a few COMPASS language subroutines which exist in the PAN AIR library. Structured programming techniques were used to provide code documentation and maintainability. The operating systems accommodated are NOS 1.2, NOS/BE and SCOPE 2.1.3 on the CDC 6600, 7600 and Cyber 175 computing systems. The system is comprised of a data management system, a program library, an execution control module and nine separate FORTRAN technical modules. Each module calculates part of the posed PAN AIR problem. The data base manager is used to communicate between modules and within modules. The technical modules must be run in a prescribed fashion for each PAN AIR problem. In order to ease the problem of supplying the many JCL cards required to execute the modules, a separate module called MEC (Module Execution Control) was created to automatically supply most of the JCL cards. In addition to the MEC generated JCL, there is an additional set of user supplied JCL cards to initiate the JCL sequence stored on the system.
    Keywords: AERODYNAMICS
    Type: NASA-CR-3254 , NAS 1.26:3254 , D180-24910-4
    Format: application/pdf
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