Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract Bichromatic two-photon photoemission spectroscopy (Bi2PPES) leads to an increased signal-to-noise ratio compared to conventional two-photon photoemission spectroscopy and therefore allows the observation of the first four image potential states as well as a lineshape analysis with improved accuracy on Ag(100). The n=2 image state with a measured linewidth of 37 meV FWHM is the narrowest unoccupied structure measured on any solid surface so far. The intrinsic linewidths of the first two image states were determined as 21±4 meV and 5±5 meV, respectively, in reasonable agreement with theoretical calculations. Disordered adsorption of oxygen on Ag(100) leads to a linewidth broadening of the first and — to a lesser extent — of the second image potential state. A quantitative analysis of the broadening suggests that the underlying mechanism is lifetime shortening due to scattering of the image state electrons by the adsorbate atoms.
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