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  • 61.80  (1)
  • Seismology  (1)
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  • 61.80  (1)
  • Seismology  (1)
  • 68.55  (1)
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  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-0630
    Keywords: 61.80 ; 68.55
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Abstract 30 keV boron ions are implanted at doses of 2×1014 and 2×1015 cm−2 in 〈100〉 silicon wafers kept at room or liquid-nitrogen temperatures. The samples are analyzed by double-crystal X-ray diffraction, transmission electron microscopy and secondary ion-mass spectrometry before and after furnace annealing at 800°C. The low-dose implant does not amorphize the substrate at any of the temperatures, and residual defects together with a remarkably enhanced boron diffusion are observed after annealing. The high-dose implant amorphizes the substrate only at low temperature. In this case, unlike the room-temperature implant, the absence of any residual defect, the incorporation of the dopant in substitutional position and a negligible profile braodening of boron are obtained after annealing. In principle, this process proves itself a promising step for the fabrication of p +/n shallow junctions with good electrical characteristics.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-05-05
    Description: We propose a procedure for uncertainty quantification in Probabilistic Tsunami Hazard Analysis (PTHA), with a special emphasis on the uncertainty related to statistical modelling of the earthquake source in Seismic PTHA (SPTHA), and on the separate treatment of subduction and crustal earthquakes (treated as background seismicity). An event tree approach and ensemble modelling are used in spite of more classical approaches, such as the hazard integral and the logic tree. This procedure consists of four steps: (1) exploration of aleatory uncertainty through an event tree, with alternative implementations for exploring epistemic uncertainty; (2) numerical computation of tsunami generation and propagation up to a given offshore isobath; (3) (optional) site-specific quantification of inundation; (4) simultaneous quantification of aleatory and epistemic uncertainty through ensemble modelling. The proposed procedure is general and independent of the kind of tsunami source considered; however, we implement step 1, the event tree, specifically for SPTHA, focusing on seismic source uncertainty. To exemplify the procedure, we develop a case study considering seismic sources in the Ionian Sea (central-eastern Mediterranean Sea), using the coasts of Southern Italy as a target zone. The results show that an efficient and complete quantification of all the uncertainties is feasible even when treating a large number of potential sources and a large set of alternative model formulations. We also find that (i) treating separately subduction and background (crustal) earthquakes allows for optimal use of available information and for avoiding significant biases; (ii) both subduction interface and crustal faults contribute to the SPTHA, with different proportions that depend on source-target position and tsunami intensity; (iii) the proposed framework allows sensitivity and deaggregation analyses, demonstrating the applicability of the method for operational assessments.
    Keywords: Seismology
    Print ISSN: 0956-540X
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-246X
    Topics: Geosciences
    Published by Oxford University Press on behalf of The Deutsche Geophysikalische Gesellschaft (DGG) and the Royal Astronomical Society (RAS).
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