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Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract Light waveguides containing silver, introduced by ion-exchange process in soda-lime glass, has been annealed in hydrogen atmosphere at temperatures in the 120–250°C range. Annealings cause a near-surface precipitation of metallic silver to form nanometer-size clusters with good uniformity in size and spatial distribution. Hydrogen permeation and ion-exchange between hydrogen and sodium (which remains in the glass matrix after silver-for-sodium exchange) are steps of the annealing process. A further step is the diffusion of silver ions towards the surface, and its eventual precipitation, with an activation energy close to that measured for silver-sodium interdiffusion in glasses of comparable composition.
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