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  • 1
    ISSN: 0894-3230
    Keywords: intramolecular thermal (4σ + 2π) dyotropy ; kinetic isotope effects ; limiting barrier parameters ; quantum tunnelling ; 2H transfer processes ; Chemistry ; Theoretical, Physical and Computational Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: Primary deuterium kinetic isotope effects (PDKIE) in parazoline-annelated syn-sesquinorbornenes exhibiting irreversible intramolecular (4σ + 2π) thermal dyotropy reveal unambiguous evidence for a tunnelling contribution to the kinetics in one instance but not for a close analogue. For analogous dyotropy of a cyclohexadiene-annelated syn-sesquinorbornene, the tunnelling components of the kinetic behaviour is small by comparison. The H atom traverse between alternative loci for the pyrazolines, deduced from x-ray and neutron diffraction data, is in agreement with approximate barrier parameters obtained by fitting of the PDKIE data to the Bell equation; barrier penetration is 3.22 kcal below the computed barrier corrected for the tunnelling contribution. The relative kinetic effect of systematic variation of the π-donor/acceptor groups on aryl ring substituents at C and N in the pyrazoline ring is consistent with a pericyclic process for dyotropy of these compounds, but not with rearrangement mediated by biradicals resulting from single H atom transfer in the rate-limiting step. Computer modelling of the transition state for dyotropy of these compounds is also consistent with a thermal, orbital symmetry conserved pericyclic reaction. Copyright © 1998 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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