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  • 1
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Crown ether complexes of Sb3+ and Bi3+ ; synthesis ; IR spectra ; 121Sb Mössbauer spectrum ; X-ray structures ; Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: [Sb(12-Crown-4)2(CH3CN)][SbCl6]3 and [Bi(12-Crown-4)2(CH3CN)][SbCl6]3, first Trications of Antimony(III) and Bismuth(III)The crown ether complexes [M(12-crown-4)2(CH3CN)][SbCl6]3 with M = Sb and Bi are formed by the reaction of antimony trichloride and bismuth trichloride, respectively, with antimony pentachloride in acetonitrile solution in the presence of 12-crown-4. They form colourless, moisture sensitive crystals, which were characterized by X-ray structure determinations and by IR spectroscopy. The complex with M = Sb was also characterized by 121Sb Mössbauer spectroscopy.Both complexes crystallize isotypically in the orthorhombic space group Pbcn with four formula units per unit cell.M = Sb: 3 483 observed unique reflections, R = 0.038. M = Bi: 2 958 observed unique reflections, R = 0.036. The compounds consist of SbCl6- ions and trications [M(12-crown-4)2(CH3CN)]3+, in which the M3+ ions are ninefold coordinated by the eight oxygen atoms of the crown ether molecules and by the nitrogen atom of the acetonitrile molecule. The lone pair of the M3+ ions has no steric effect.
    Notes: Die Kronenetherkomplexe [M(12-Krone-4)2(CH3CN)][SbCl6]3 mit M = Sb und Bi entstehen durch Reaktion von Antimontrichlorid bzw. Bismuttrichlorid mit Antimonpentachlorid in Acetonitrillösung in Gegenwart von 12-Krone-4. Sie bilden farblose, feuchtigkeitsempfindliche Kristalle, die wir durch kristallographische Strukturanalysen und durch die IR-Spektren charakterisiert haben. Von dem Komplex mit M = Sb wurde ein 121Sb-Mößbauer-Spektrum aufgenommen.Beide Komplexe kristallisieren isotyp in der orthorhombischen Raumgruppe Pbcn mit vier Formeleinheiten pro Elementarzelle. M = Sb: 3 483 beobachtete unabhängige Reflexe, R = 0,038. M = Bi: 2 958 beobachtete unabhängige Reflexe, R = 0,036. Die Verbindungen enthalten neben den SbCl6--Ionen Trikationen [M(12-Krone-4)2(CH3CN)]3+, in denen die M3+-Ionen durch die acht O-Atome der beiden Kronenethermoleküle und durch das N-Atom des Acetonitrilmoleküls neunfach koordiniert sind. Das freie Elektronenpaar an den M3+-Ionen bleibt ohne sterische Wirksamkeit.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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