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  • 1
    Publication Date: 1993-04-09
    Description: Mammalian circadian rhythms are regulated by a pacemaker within the suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) of the hypothalamus. The molecular mechanisms controlling the synchronization of the circadian pacemaker are unknown; however, immediate early gene (IEG) expression in the SCN is tightly correlated with entrainment of SCN-regulated rhythms. Antibodies were isolated that recognize the activated, phosphorylated form of the transcription factor cyclic adenosine monophosphate response element binding protein (CREB). Within minutes after exposure of hamsters to light, CREB in the SCN became phosphorylated on the transcriptional regulatory site, Ser133. CREB phosphorylation was dependent on circadian time: CREB became phosphorylated only at times during the circadian cycle when light induced IEG expression and caused phase shifts of circadian rhythms. These results implicate CREB in neuronal signaling in the hypothalamus and suggest that circadian clock gating of light-regulated molecular responses in the SCN occurs upstream of phosphorylation of CREB.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Ginty, D D -- Kornhauser, J M -- Thompson, M A -- Bading, H -- Mayo, K E -- Takahashi, J S -- Greenberg, M E -- F31 MH10241/MH/NIMH NIH HHS/ -- F32 NS08764/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- NS 28829/NS/NINDS NIH HHS/ -- etc. -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1993 Apr 9;260(5105):238-41.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Department of Microbiology and Molecular Genetics, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02115.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/8097062" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Amino Acid Sequence ; Animals ; Base Sequence ; *Circadian Rhythm ; Colforsin/pharmacology ; Cricetinae ; Cyclic AMP Response Element-Binding Protein/immunology/*metabolism ; Darkness ; Gene Expression Regulation ; Genes, fos ; Glutamates/pharmacology ; Glutamic Acid ; *Light ; Molecular Sequence Data ; PC12 Cells ; Phosphorylation ; Potassium Chloride/pharmacology ; Suprachiasmatic Nucleus/drug effects/*metabolism
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 1992-03-20
    Description: The suprachiasmatic nuclei (SCN) of the hypothalamus comprise the primary pacemaker responsible for generation of circadian rhythms in mammals. Light stimuli that synchronize this circadian clock induce expression of the c-fos gene in rodent SCN, which suggests a possible role for Fos in circadian entrainment. Appropriate light stimuli also induce the expression of jun-B messenger RNA in the SCN of golden hamsters but only slightly elevate c-jun messenger RNA levels. In addition, light increases the amount of a protein complex in the SCN that binds specifically to sites on DNA known to mediate regulation by the AP-1 transcription factor. The photic regulation of both jun-B messenger RNA expression and AP-1 binding activity is dependent on circadian phase: only light stimuli that shift behavioral rhythms induce jun-B and AP-1 expression. Thus, light and the circadian pacemaker interact to regulate a specific set of immediate-early genes in the SCN that may participate in entrainment of the circadian clock.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Notes: 〈/span〉Kornhauser, J M -- Nelson, D E -- Mayo, K E -- Takahashi, J S -- New York, N.Y. -- Science. 1992 Mar 20;255(5051):1581-4.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Author address: 〈/span〉Institute for Neuroscience, Northwestern University, Evanston, IL 60208.〈br /〉〈span class="detail_caption"〉Record origin:〈/span〉 〈a href="http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1549784" target="_blank"〉PubMed〈/a〉
    Keywords: Animals ; Base Sequence ; Cricetinae ; *Gene Expression Regulation ; Genes, fos/physiology ; Genes, jun/*physiology ; *Light ; Molecular Sequence Data ; Nucleic Acid Hybridization ; *Periodicity ; Proto-Oncogene Proteins c-jun/*biosynthesis ; RNA Probes ; RNA, Messenger/*biosynthesis ; Suprachiasmatic Nucleus/physiology ; Time Factors ; Transcription, Genetic
    Print ISSN: 0036-8075
    Electronic ISSN: 1095-9203
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Computer Science , Medicine , Natural Sciences in General , Physics
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