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  • 1
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Advanced Materials 6 (1994), S. 497-499 
    ISSN: 0935-9648
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0749-1581
    Keywords: 59Co NMR ; Six-coordinate complexes ; Porphyrin complexes ; Substituent effects ; Solvent effects ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: A broad study of the 59Co NMR of cobalt(III) porphyrin complexes with axial amine ligands in a variety of solvents is reported. The data are presented in tabular form, as are the numerical correlations of chemical shift, δ, and line width, ω1/2, using the Kamlet-Taft equation. The dependence of δ and ω1/2 on ligand substituents is discussed. Solvent data, including mixed solvent results, indicate that general factors such as acidity, basicity, polarity and hydrogen-bonding capability are important, as are the specific nature of the functional groups on the ligands and the solvent.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Morphology 211 (1992), S. 213-220 
    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: An otolith increment is composed of an incremental zone and a discontinous zone. Observation of the otoliths of Oreochromis niloticus with transmission and scanning electron microscopy reveals that organic fibers are concentrated in the discontinuous zone and are relatively scarce in the incremental zone. On the other hand, calcium carbonate crystals are chiefly packed in the incremental zone and are less dense in the discontinuous zone. Both fibers and crystals are oriented perpendicular to the growth increments. Otolith checks, or discontinuities, contain even denser fibers and fewer fine crystals than does the discontinuous zone. A higher proportion of individual fibers is prominently stained in the discontinuous zone and check than in the incremental zone. Other features of individual fibers appear to be the same among the three zones. The crystals on either side of a check or a discontinuous zone resemble each other both in size and orientation. Zonation of protein and mineral components of otoliths can be understood in terms of both incremental growth and the daily cycle of deposition.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Biotechnology and Bioengineering 40 (1992), S. 1004-1010 
    ISSN: 0006-3592
    Keywords: mammalian cell ; disruption ; shear stress ; mechanical properties ; micromanipulation ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Notes: Using mechanical cell properties measured by micromanipulation, and a model of cell distortion in laminar flow fields, a method has been developed for predicting disruption of animal cells by laminar shear stresses. Predictions of the model were compared with measured losses of cell number and viability of TB/C3 murine hybridomas sheared in a cone and plate viscometer at shear rates up to 3950 s-1, and shear stresses up to 600 Nm-2, achieved by enhancement of viscosity with dextran. In all cases, the experimental, results and predictions were within 30%. Such excellent agreement suggests it might be possible to use micromanipulation measurements of animal cell mechanical properties to predict cell damage in more complex flow fields, such as those in bioreactors. © 1992 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
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  • 5
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY [u.a.] : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 61 (1996), S. 1405-1412 
    ISSN: 0021-8995
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics , Physics
    Notes: Eight new copolymers containing hindered amine (HA) were synthesized by copolymerization of vinyl monomers [styrene (St), methyl methacrylate (MMA)] with new functional monomers produced by reaction of 4-amino-2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidine (ATMP) and epoxy compounds containing double bond, and mixture copolymerization of vinyl monomers (St and MMA) with a mixture of ATMP and above epoxy compounds. The structure of these new copolymers were characterized by IR, NMR, and elemental analysis. The properties of these new copolymers were described and their photoprotecting effectiveness examined. Experimental results indicate that they possess high photoprotecting effectiveness comparable to or higher than that of a commercial polymeric HALS “PDS.” © 1996 John Wiley & Sons, Inc.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York, NY : Wiley-Blackwell
    Journal of Morphology 212 (1992), S. 99-107 
    ISSN: 0362-2525
    Keywords: Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: The sacculus of Oreochromis niloticus is anatomically separated from the utriculus and semicircular canals. The saccular wall is composed of the sensory epithelium, transitional epithelia, and squamous epithelium. Cellular granules are abundant in the sensory and transitional epithelia but scarce in the squamous epithelium. Over the dorsal side of the dorsal transitional epithelium there exists an oval patch of cells with distinctive microvilli. New finding is a shallow groove which extends from the anterior end of the sensory epithelium approximately halfway down along the ventral perimacular transitional epithelium. Small vesicles, which appear “empty” under transmission electron microscopy (TEM), are aggregated in the posterior region of the groove. These small vesicles are also present in both the sensory and transitional epithelia. A second kind of vesicle is comparatively large and appears filled with stainable contents. These vesicles are restricted to the sensory region. Both kinds of vesicles appear to be involved in apical secretion and possibly provide the otolithic membrane with fibers. The otolithic membrane is composed of a gelatinuous layer and subcupular meshwork. The meshwork appears to contribute to the formation of the otolith. The small empty vesicles appear to originate in sensory and transitional epithelial cells and may form the subcupular meshwork. The larger filled vesicles are derived predominantly from sensory cells in the sensory epithelium and appear to contribute to the gelatinuous layer of otoliths. © 1992 Wiley-Liss, Inc.
    Additional Material: 16 Ill.
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  • 7
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Hoboken, NJ : Wiley-Blackwell
    AIChE Journal 33 (1987), S. 500-502 
    ISSN: 0001-1541
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Chemical Engineering
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Process Engineering, Biotechnology, Nutrition Technology
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 8
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    New York : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0098-1273
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: The total energy absorbed by a craze during its development in creep is analyzed and calculated on the basis of a time-dependent theory of crazing. Experimental measurements of the craze length have been utilized in the energy calculations. For polystyrene the initial energy absorption in the craze region is found to be several hundred times that in the uncrazed medium. This ratio decreases sharply in a short period of time to about 50 to 1 and less and remains low afterward. For polycarbonate, somewhat similar behavior has been found. The initial strain energy absorption by crazing is about 200 times that in the uncrazed region. The energy ratio reduces rapidly to about 55 to 1 and tends to level off thereafter. However, in general, the amount of strain energy absorbed does increase as a function of time, as it should.
    Additional Material: 9 Ill.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0142-2421
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Photochemical dry etching and surface modification of polyethylene terephthalate (PET) was investigated with an incoherent excimer UV source, employing a dielectric barrier discharge in krypton chloride to provide intense narrow-band radiation at λ=222 nm (KrCl*). The roughness of the exposed PET was measured with a stylus profilometer. The morphology of the irradiated PET films was investigated by scanning electron microscopy (SEM) after different exposure times and the roughness of PET can be controlled by UV intensity and exposure times. Etching rate is 40 times higher than that for photochemical etching of PET with a conventional mercury lamp. The chemical changes in the UV-exposed PET surface layer were determined using x-ray photoelectron spectroscopy (XPS) by measurement of the intensity of the C - C, C - O and O - C=O bonds after irradiation with the KrCl* excimer lamp.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0098-1273
    Keywords: Physics ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Physics
    Notes: It is possible to prepare “model” elastomeric networks having known values of the molecular weight Mc between crosslinks by endlinking functionally terminated polymer chains having number-average molecular weights Mn equal to the desired values of Mc. If chains having chemically inert groups at both ends are intentionally included during the preparation of such a system, they will remain unattached, merely reptating through the subsequently formed network structure. This technique was used to prepare a series of tetrafunctional polydimethylsiloxane (PDMS) networks having essentially the same degree of crosslinking (10-3Mc = 11.3 g mol-1) and constant amount of diluent in the form of unattached PDMS chains having molecular weights of 10-3Md = 26.4, 18.6, 15.8, 9.8, 6.7, 1.2, and 0.70 g mol-1. Because of the very high mobility of PDMS, it was also possible to introduce essentially the same amount of the same diluents into already formed PDMS networks having the same Mc. Extractions carried out using tetrahydrofuran at room temperature showed that the diluent (“sol fraction”) introduced by swelling the network is more easily removed than that present during the endlinking, possibly because of less convoluted arrangements within the network structure. Chains with the largest values of Md which were present during the endlinking were found to be very difficult to remove entirely. It is therefore extremely important to carry out exhaustive extractions to obtain reliable values of network sol fractions, particularly when such data are to be used to estimate extents of reaction in the preparation of end-linked elastomers.
    Additional Material: 7 Ill.
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