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  • 1
    ISSN: 1042-7147
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Polymer and Materials Science
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology , Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: The electrooptical properties of side-chain liquid crystalline polymers were investigated for the case that the mesogenic units were attached laterally rather than longitudinally to a flexible chain backbone via flexible spacer units. The experimental finding is that these polymers display unusual electrooptical properties within the isotropic phase in the neighborhood of the transition into the nematic phase.The polymers are characterized by the occurrence of a fast and a slow electrooptical response both of which show a critical divergence of the Kerr constant and the Kerr relaxation time. In addition, they show deviations between the rise and the decay values of the Kerr constants and in certain cases also of the Kerr relaxation times. Finally an overshoot of the induced birefringence following a sudden stepwise increase of the applied electric field has been found for one of these polymers. All these features can be accounted for on the basis of a newly developed theoretical approach that considers the particular dipolar and optical polarization configurations of these polymers.
    Additional Material: 12 Ill.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0935-6304
    Keywords: Gas chromatography ; WCOT-glass capillary ; Organophosphorus insecticides ; Pesticides ; Metabolites ; Chemistry ; Analytical Chemistry and Spectroscopy
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: This article considers the separation of 23 organophosphorus insecticides to which two metabolites have been added. The high resolution of the column permits detection of the Z and E isomers of three of these insecticides.
    Additional Material: 1 Ill.
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  • 3
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Zeitschrift für anorganische Chemie 210 (1933), S. 184-194 
    ISSN: 0863-1786
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: 1. Die sauren und neutralen Brenscatechinate von Ca, Sr, Ba wurden dargestellt.
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    ISSN: 0365-9496
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: CRABP ; retinoic acid ; collagen ; chondrocytes ; sternal cartilage ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: Retinoic acid (RA) has been shown to rapidly modulate the collagen expression pattern of chondrocytes in vitro at doses of 1-10 μM. Embryonic chicken sternal chondrocytes stop synthesizing the cartilage-specific type II collagen within 2-4 days of RA treatment and turn on the synthesis of types I and III collagen and fibronectin. While suppression of type II collagen synthesis and onset of type III collagen and fibronectin synthesis have been shown to be regulated at the transcriptional level, conflicting data are available on a possible post-translational regulation of α1(I) collagen gene expression. In this study we demonstrate by comparing a commonly used α1(I) cDNA probe from the 3′ end of the α1(I) mRNA with a newly prepared α1(I) specific cDNA probe from the 5′ end (p1E1) that - in contrast to previous reports - chicken sternal chondrocytes do not contain untranslated α1(I) mRNA which may become translatable after RA treatment. By in situ hybridization we show the absence of cytoplasmic α1(I) mRNA from chondrocytes and its presence in the perichondrium of sternal cartilage. Perichondral cells might have contaminated sternal chondrocyte preparations, explaining low levels of α1(I) mRNA seen by Northern hybridization and RNase protection assays of chicken sternal cartilage mRNA even with the p1E1 probe. We show by Northern hybridization and metabolic labeling with 3H-proline followed by SDS-gel electrophoresis that retinoic acid at 3 μM suppresses type II, IX, and X collagen gene expression within 2 days both at the mRNA and protein level and induces the onset of α1(I), α2(I), and α1(III) expression within 3 days. No expression of CRABP, the cellular retinoic acid binding protein, was seen in RA-treated or control chondrocytes, indicating that CRABP protein is not involved in the RA-induced modulation of the chondrocytes.
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0730-2312
    Keywords: collagen binding protein ; calcium binding protein ; phospholipid binding protein ; endonexin II ; lipocortin V ; protein purification ; Life and Medical Sciences ; Cell & Developmental Biology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology , Medicine
    Notes: We have cloned the full coding cDNA sequence of chicken annexin V and of a mutant lacking 8 amino acid residues of the N-terminal tail for prokaryotic expression. Both proteins were synthesized in Escherichia coli upon induction with isopropyl thio-β-D-galactoside, and were purified following two different protocols: one based on the ability of these proteins to interact reversibly with liposomes in the presence of calcium, and the other based on two sequential ion-exchange chromatographic steps. Spectroscopical analysis of recombinant annexin V revealed that binding of calcium did not change the circular dichroism spectra indicating no significant changes on the secondary structure; however, a conformational change affecting the exposition to the solvent of the tryptophan residue 187 was detected by analysis of fluorescence emission spectra. Recombinant annexin V binds with high affinity to collagen types II and X, and with lower affinity to collagen type I in a calcium-independent manner. Heat denaturing of collagen decreases this interaction while pepsin-treatment of collagen almost completely abolishes annexin V binding. Mutated annexin V interacts with collagen in a similar way as the nonmutated recombinant protein, indicating that the N-terminal tail of annexin V is not essential for collagen binding.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: ESR Studies of Radiation Processes in Phosphate GlassesRadiation processes in phosphate glasses are investigated by ESR and optical measurements. ESR shows a hole-centre in the systems K2O/P2O5 and K2O/MGO/P2O5 which depends on manner and concentration of the cations. Its nature is explained in somewhat a different way than given by BEEKENKAMP or by MIURA and HASEGAWA. Another hole-centre which is independent of cations is discussed in agreement with optical investigations. The electrons set free by radiation react with O2 solved in the glass or with cations. The particels Ag0, Ag2+, Ag+2 have been found and Agn+4 may be present too in the system K2O/MgO/Ag2O/P2O5. The system K2O/MgO/Tl2O/P2O5 shows analogous reactions, but full explanation of the lines could not yet be given.
    Notes: Durch ESR-Untersuchungen und Vergleiche mit optischen Messungen werden Aussagen über die durch Bestrahlung in Phosphatgläsern ablaufenden Vorgänge gemacht. In den Systemen K2O/P2O5 und K2O/MgO/P2O5 wird durch ESR-Messungen ein kationenabhängiges Lochzentrum gefunden, dessen Natur in Abweichung von den Modellen nach BEEKENKAMP und nach MIURA u. HASEGAWA erklärt wird. Ein weiteres kationenunabhängiges Lochzentrum wird in Übereinstimmung mit optischen Untersuchungen gedeutet. Die durch Bestrahlung freigesetzten Elektronen lagern sich an im Glas gelösten Sauerstoff (O2) an oder reagieren mit den Kationen. Im System K2O/MgO/Ag2O/P2O5 werden die Teilchen Ag0, Ag2+, Ag+2 gefunden und Agn+4 wahrscheinlich gemacht. Für das System K2O/MgO/Tl2O/P2O5 gelten analoge Verhältnisse. Eine ausführliche Zuordnung konnte aber dabei noch nicht vorgenommen werden.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
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