Polymer and Materials Science
Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
The effects of swelling and annealing treatments on viscoelastic behavior were studied in melt-crystallized and solution-crystallized samples of isotactic polypropylene (iso-PP) over the temperature range -150 to 150°C. The log E″ versus T curves exhibited α, β, and γ peaks in order of decreasing temperature. The β peak of the melt-crystallized sample shifted to higher temperatures after annealing, but was not affected by swelling. The α peak of melt-crystallized polymer was affected by swelling treatments. It increased in height and shifted to lower temperatures almost linearly with the volume fraction of absorbed solvent. The magnitude of the shift was independent of the solvent species - toluene, p-xylene, tetralin, carbon tetrachloride - however, it depended significantly on the temperature at which the sample had been heat treated. For solution-crystallized polymer, no peaks in log E″ were observed in the temperature range of the β peak of melt-crystallized material, but the α peak appeared larger and broader, and at higher temperature than the corresponding peak in the melt-crystallized polymer. After swelling or annealing, the low-temperature component of the α peak of the solution-crystallized sample decreased in height and at the same time a new loss peak appeared at -55 and 0°C, respectively, is swollen and annealed samples. In particular, in the case of annealing treatments, the high-temperature component of the α peak shifted to still higher temperatures. From these results on the solution-crystallized sample it can be deduced that the segmental motions in the amorphous phase are very strongly constrained by surrounding crystalline phases as compared with those in the amorphous phase of the melt-crystallized sample, and the constraints imposed on the segmental motions are released to a great extent by both treatments. Finally, swelling effects on the γ peak were examined. The γ peak of the melt-crystallized sample decreased in height after swelling. On the other hand, the γ peak of the solution-crystallized sample separated into two peaks, which might be attributed to the mechanical relaxations in the crystalline and amorphous phases.
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