Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Racemic bicyclopropylidenyl- (rac-11) and methylenespiropentyl- (rac-17) substituted alanines have been synthesized by iodination of bicyclopropylidenyl- and methylenespiropentylmethanols 7, 13, nucleophilic substitution of the iodine in 8, 14 with the enolate of ethyl α-(diphenylmethyleneamino)acetate (O'Donnell's glycine equivalent) and deprotection of 9, 15 in 24 and 18% overall yield, respectively. N-Methylbicyclopropylidenylalanine rac-22, was obtained from the Michael adduct of (bicyclopropylidenyl)magnesium bromide 18 to enamine 19 and deprotection of the carbamate 20 (23% overall yield). Racemic (1-amino-2-methylenespiropentane)- (37), (1-amino-2-methylenecyclopropane)- (3), and (1-aminobicyclopropylidene)carboxylic acid (39) were prepared as hydrochlorides by tert-butoxycarbonylation of the lithiated methylenespiropentane (6), methylenecyclopropane (4), or bicyclopropylidene (5) intermediates with di-tert-butyl pyrocarbonate (Boc2O), repeated lithiation of the tert-butyl esters 29, 30, and 33 with LDA and subsequent carboxylation, Curtius degradation of the half esters 31, 32, and 34 followed by deprotection in 11, 45, and 4% overall yields, respectively. Compound 37 was also prepared from bicyclopropylidene (5) following the same procedure, but with rearrangement in the last but one step, in 19% overall yield. An attempted Hofmann degradation of the bicyclopropylidenecarboxamido ester 40 with NBS failed and gave only bromohydrin 44 (27%), but with bis(acetoxy)iodobenzene provided carbamate 46a, b in 76 amd 79% yield, respectively. Along this route with subsequent deprotection of 46b, the amino acid 39 could be prepared in up to 10% overall yield from bicyclopropylidene.
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