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  • Wiley-Blackwell  (56)
  • Springer  (4)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1432-1203
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Summary Three probands heterozygous for a mutant of apolipoprotein AI (apo AIMarburg, Utermann et al. 1982a) were detected by screening of 2282 unrelated individuals resulting an a frequency estimate of about 1/750 in the German population. All three probands with apo AIMarburg had hypertriglyceridemia (triglyceride above 250 mg/dl) and subnormal HDL-cholesterol (below 30 mg/dl), but no other lipoprotein abnormalities. The kindreds of two probands with AIMarburg were studied. The family data are consistent with an autosomal codominant inheritance of the trait. A total of 16 heterozygous blood relatives with the mutant AIMarburg were detected in these kindreds. Analysis of the plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels in relation to the apo AI phenotype was complicated by the high prevalence of diabetes mellitus and thyroid disease in one kindred and of hyperlipidemia in both kindreds. No consistent relationship between plasma lipid and lipoprotein levels, and the mutant apo AI could be demonstrated. Instead the mutant apo AI and the dyslipoproteinemia seem to co-exist independently in these kindreds. Three sibs with the homozygous apo E-2/2 phenotype were detected in one kindred, and all three sibs had subnormal LDL-cholesterol and beta-VLDL, e.g., the lipoprotein abnormality characterizing primary dysbetalipoproteinemia. Genetic apo E phenotypes and the apo AI mutant segregated independently, indicating that the structural gene loci for apo E and apo AI are not closely linked.
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  • 2
    ISSN: 0570-0833
    Keywords: Chemistry ; General Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: NO ABSTRACT
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0021-8383
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Carbon-13 Nuclear Magnetic Resonance Spectra of PhenylfulgidesThe carbon-13 chemical shifts are determined in a series of phenylfulgides in order to investigate steric and electronic influences of substituents. By means of the shift differences between suitably substituted compounds results can be obtained as to the relative variation of the rotation angles of the phenyl rings as well as to te angle alterations between the exocyclic double bonds and the anhydride ring. Introducing 4-CH3O- and 4-NO2-groups at the phenyl rings the substituent induced alterations of the carbon-13 chemical shifts and the π-polarization effects related with it are discussed.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 0021-8383
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Organic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Photooxidation of Leuco Dyes. VIII. Time Resolved Investigations of the Mechanism of the Photooxidation of Leucocrystal VioletThe photooxidation of leucocrystal violet has been reexamined by means of conventional and laser flash photolysis as well as spin trap experiments. Three radical transients have been observed and assigned to the cation radical (λmax ≈ 490, 530 nm), the neutral radical with one—NCH3—CH2 moiety (λmax ≈ 480 nm) and the triphenyl methyl radical derivative (λmax ≈ 400 nm).
    Additional Material: 10 Ill.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: The RAMAN and IR-spectra of solid Na2Se2O5, K2Se2O5, and (NH4)2Se2O5 are given. Discussion of the spectra leads to a structure with a bent Se—O—Se-bridge in contrary to that of S2O5-- possessing a S—S-bond. The symmetry is probably C2v.
    Notes: Es werden die RAMAN- und IR-Spektren der festen Pyroselenite des Natriums, Kaliums und Ammoniums mitgeteilt. Aus der Diskussion der Spektren ergibt sich für das Se2O5″-Ion eine Struktur mit gewinkelter SeOSe-Brücke, im Gegensatz zum analogen S2O5″-Ion, das eine SS-Bindung besitzt. Die Abweichungen im Ra-Spektrum des Na-Salzes gegenüber denen der K- und NH4-Salze werden mit Ionengrößen erklärt und näher begründet.
    Additional Material: 3 Ill.
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  • 6
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: The synthesis of the following alkali alkyl selenites by means of 5 methods is described CH3OSeO2Na, CH3OSeO2K, C2H5OSeO2Na und C2H5OSeO2K. Thereby it is found that MeHOSeO2 and Me2SeO2O5 esterify respectively alcoholize in alcoholic solution whereby identical reaction products are formed. Some properties of the prepared salts are given. A new procedure for the preparation of methylaethylselenite is described.
    Notes: Es wird die Darstellung der folgenden Alkalialkylselenite nach 5 Methoden beschrieben: CH3OSeO2Na, CH3OSeO2K, C2H5OSeO2K. Dabei wird u. a. gefunden, daß Alkalihydrogenselenite und Alkalidiselenite in alkoholischer Lösung Veresterung bzw. Alkoholyse erleiden, wobei identische Reaktionsprodukte entstehen. Einige Eigenschaften der dargestellten Halbestersalze werden angegeben. Für Methyläthylselenit wird ein weiteres Darstellungsverfahren gefunden.
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  • 7
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: Raman- and IR-spectra of the following compounds are given and discussed: F · SeO · OCH3, Cl · SeO · OCH3, F · SeO · OC2H5, and Cl · SeO · OC2H5. The ethyl compounds exist in liquid state in two rotational isomeric configurations caused by restricted rotation of the ethyl groups. Molecules of the type X · SeO · Y (X resp · Y = F, Cl, OCH3, OC2H5) show a linear increase of the Se=O-frequency with increasing electronegativity of the substituent groups. The Se-O-frequency shows a similar behaviour.
    Notes: Es werden die Raman- und UR-Spektren der folgenden Verbindungen mitgeteilt und diskutiert: F · SeO · OCH3, Cl · SeO · OCH3, F · SeO · OCH3, F · SeO · OC2H5 und Cl · SeO · OC2H5. In den beiden äthylestern liegen im flüssigen Zustand infolge behinderter Drehbarkeit der äthylgruppen zwei rotationsisomere Molekülsorten vor, deren Konzentrationsverhältnis temperaturabhängig ist. Molekeln des Substanztyps X · SeO · Y (X bzw. Y = F, Cl, OCH3, OC2H5) zeigen mit zunehmender Elektronegativität der Substituenten einen linearen Anstieg der SeO-Doppelbindungsvalenzfrequenz. ähnlich verhält sich die SeO-Einfachbindungsvalenzfrequenz.
    Additional Material: 5 Ill.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: It is shown by Raman spectroscopic investigations, that HOSeO′3 and Se2O′7-ions are converted in alcoholic solutions to soluble alkyl selenates. Raman and IR spectra of the following compounds are given and discussed: CH3OSeO3Na,  - K,  - NH4; C2H5OSeO3Na,  - K,  - NH4. The force constants of CH3OSeO′3 and HOSeO′3 ions are calculated. Their knowledge allows an estimation of the bond properties in CH3OSeO′3, HOSeO′3 and CH3OSO′3 ions. It is supposed that ethyl selenate ions exist in solution in two rotationally isomeric configurations caused by hindered rotation of the CH3 group.
    Notes: Mit Hilfe der Raman-Spektroskopie wird gezeigt, daß Hydrogenselenationen und Diselenationen in alkoholischen Lösungen als Alkylselenationen vorliegen. Es folgt die Mitteilung und Zuordnung der Raman- und IR-Spektren der Verbindungen CH3OSeO3Na,  - K,  - NH4 und C2H5OSeO3Na,  - K,  - NH4. Die Kraftkonstanten des CH3OSeO′3 und des HOSeO′3-Ions werden berechnet. Ihre Kenntnis erlaubt eine Beurteilung der Bindungsverhältnisse in CH3OSeO′3-, HOSeO′3- und CH3OSO′3-Ionen. Äthylselenationen existieren in Lösung vermutlich in zwei rotationsisomeren Konfigurationen, verursacht durch behinderte Drehbarkeit der CH3-Gruppe.
    Additional Material: 6 Ill.
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  • 9
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: FSeO2K can be prepared by melting molar amounts of KF and SeO2 or by reaction of K2SeO3 with SeOF2. Melting point, density, IR- and RAMAN spectrum, hydrolysis and methanolysis of the prepared salt were studied. The crystals of FSeO2K and FSO2K contain long and polar Se—F resp. S-F bonds. Possibly this in caused by the existence of fluorine bridges between the anions FSeO2- resp. FSO2-, which are stronger in FSeO2K than in FSO2K. Therefore, the debyeograms of FSO2K and KClO3 show better agreement than those of FSeO2K and KBrO3.
    Notes: FSeO2K kann sowohl durch Verschmelzen molarer Mengen von KF und SeO2 als auch durch Umsetzung von K2SeO3 mit SeOF2 dargestellt werden. Untersucht wurden der Schmelzpunkt, die Dichte, das IR- und RAMAN-Spektrum sowie die Hydrolyse und Methanolyse. In den Kristallgittern der Salze FSeO2K und FSO2K liegen aufgeweitete und sehr polare SeF- bzw. SF-Bindungen vor. Als mögliche Ursache wird die Existenz von Fluorbrücken zwischen den Anionen FSeO2-diskutiert, die im FSeO2K stärker sind als im FSO2K. Aus diesem Grunde zeigen die Debye-Scherrer-Diagramme des FSO2K und KClO3 bessere Übereinstimmung als die des FSeO2K und KBrO3.
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  • 10
    ISSN: 0044-2313
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Description / Table of Contents: The compounds (CH2SeO)2O (I) and [CH2Se(OH)2]2(NO3)2 (II) have been prepared by oxydation of (CH2SeCN)2 with HNO3 in good yields. Smaller yields of them can be obtained by reaction of 1,2,5,6-tetraselenacyclooctane with HNO3. (I) is transformed in nitric acid solution into (II), in alkaline solution into (CH2SeO2)22-. (I) and (II) decompose slowly. The infrared spectrum of (I) is given, assigned, and discussed. It confirms the ring structure of (I). 1,2-ethanediseleninic acid is not existent. It transforms to (I) already in aqueous solution.
    Notes: Die Verbindungen (CH2SeO)2O (I) und [CH2Se(OH)2]2(NO3)2 (II) sind durch Oxydation von (CH2SeCN)2 mit HNO3 in guten Ausbeuten darstellbar. Sie sind in geringerer Ausbeute auch durch Umsetzung von 1,2,5,6-Tetraselenacyclooctan (SeCH2CH2Se)2 mit HNO3 zugänglich. (I) geht in salpetersaurem Medium in (II), in alkalischer Lösung in (CH2SeO2)22 über. (I) und (II) sind thermisch nicht sehr stabil. Es wird das IR-Spektrum von (I) mitgeteilt, zugeordnet und diskutiert. Es bestätigt die Ringstruktur von (I). Die 1,2-Äthandiseleninsäure ist nicht existenzfähig. Sie geht bei ihrer Bildung schon in wäßriger Lösung in (I) über.
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