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  • 1
    ISSN: 0309-1651
    Source: Elsevier Journal Backfiles on ScienceDirect 1907 - 2002
    Topics: Biology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Weinheim : Wiley-Blackwell
    Zeitschrift für anorganische Chemie 116 (1921), S. 117-136 
    ISSN: 0863-1786
    Keywords: Chemistry ; Inorganic Chemistry
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 0884-3996
    Keywords: Prostaglandin E1 ; endothelium ; polymorphonuclear leukocyte ; cell interaction ; adherence ; oxygen-derived metabolites ; Chemistry ; Biochemistry and Biotechnology
    Source: Wiley InterScience Backfile Collection 1832-2000
    Topics: Biology , Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: We investigated the effect of prostaglandin E1 on human polymorphonuclear leukocytes, in vivo. Polymorphonuclear leukocytes of a prostaglandin E1 and placebo study group were harvested and their function, as production of oxygen-derived metabolites and adherence to human cultured endothelial cells, was compared. Additionally, data obtained from polymorphonuclear leukocytes of a prostaglandin E1 and placebo group were compared with data obtained from polymorphonuclear leukocytes from 28 blood donors, who served as a control group.Production of oxygen-derived metabolites by polymorphonuclear leukocytes during contact with endothelial cells was measured by chemiluminescence. Chemiluminescence was significantly (p 〈 0.01) increased in the placebo group in comparison to the control group decreasing to values of control group after 6 d (post-trauma). Chemiluminescence response was not significantly suppressed in patients treated with prostaglandin E1 in comparison to the placebo group. Adherence of polymorphonuclear leukocytes (placebo group) to endothelial cells was significantly increased (p 〈 0.01) within the first 6 d post-trauma Following day 6, values were in the same range as values for the control group. Adherence was not significantly suppressed in patients treated with prostaglandin E1 in comparison to the placebo group. In conclusion, prostaglandin E1 at a dose of 20 ng/kg bw/min does not influence production of oxygenderived metabolites and adherence in polytraumatized patients in comparison to a placebo group. Additionally, production of oxygen-derived metabolites by polymorphonuclear leukocytes in response to endothelial cells is shown and it is evident that endothelial cells might influence production of oxygen derived metabolites by polymorphonuclear leukocytes.
    Additional Material: 4 Ill.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-08-12
    Description: Mantle convection is a fundamental planetary process. Its plate mode is established and expressed by plate tectonics. Its plume mode also is established and expressed by interregional geological patterns. We developed both an event-based stratigraphic framework to illustrate the surface effects predicted by the plume model of Griffiths et al. (1989) and Griffiths and Campbell (1990) and a methodology to analyze continent-scale geological maps based on unconformities and hiatuses. The surface expression of ascending plumes lasts for tens-of-millions-of-years and rates vary over a few million years. As the plume ascends, its surface expression narrows, but increases in amplitude, leaving distinct geological and stratigraphic patterns in the geologic record, not only above the plume-head center, but also above its margins and in distal regions a few thousands-of-kilometers from the center. To visualize these patterns, we constructed sequential geological maps, chronostratigraphic sections, and hiatus diagrams. Dome-uplift with erosion (Şengör, 2001) and the flood basalts (Duncan and Richards, 1991; Ernst and Buchan, 2001a) are diagnostic starting points for plume-stratigraphic analyses. Mechanical collapse of the dome results in narrow rifting (Burke and Dewey, 1973), drainage-network reorganization (Cox, 1989), and flood-basalt eruption. In the marginal region, patterns of vertical movement, deformation and surface response are transient and complex. At first, the plume margin is uplifted together with the central region, but then it subsides as the plume ascents farther; With plume-head flattening, the plume margin experiences renewed outward-migrating surface uplift, erosion, broad crustal faulting, and drainage reorganization. Knickpoint migration occurs first inward-directed at ½ the rate of plume ascent and later outward-directed at the rate of asthenospheric flow. Interregional-scale unconformity-bounded stratigraphic successions document the two inversions. The distal regions, which did not experience any plume-related uplift, yield complete sedimentary records of the event; Event-related time gaps (hiatuses) in the sedimentary record increase towards the center, but the event horizon is best preserved in the distal region; it may be recognized by tracing its contacts from the center outwards. We extracted system- and series-hiatuses from interregional geological maps and built hiatus maps as proxies for paleo-dynamic topography and as a basis for comparison with results from numerical models. Interregional-scale geological maps are well suited to visualize plume-related geological records of dynamic topography in continental regions. However, geological records and hiatus information at the resolution of stages will be needed at interregional scales. The plume-stratigraphic framework is event-based, interregional, but not global, with time-dependent amplitudes that are significantly larger than those of global eustatic sea-level fluctuations. Global stratigraphic syntheses require integration of plate- and plume-stratigraphic frameworks before eustatic contributions may be assessed.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
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