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    AGU (American Geological Union) | Wiley
    In:  Geophysical Research Letters, 42 (22). 10,018-10,026.
    Publication Date: 2017-04-10
    Description: Key Points: Daily snapshots of TIL strength; synoptic-Scale behavior of the TIL and shear/curl contributions to relative vorticity; TIL within ridges in midlatitude winter is stronger than polar summer TIL High-resolution GPS radio occultation temperature profiles from the COSMIC satellite mission (2007–2013) are used to obtain daily snapshots of the strength of the extratropical tropopause inversion layer (TIL). Its horizontal structure and day-to-day variability are linked to the synoptic situation at near-tropopause level. The strength of the TIL in cyclonic as well as anticyclonic conditions is investigated by separating relative vorticity into curl and shear terms. The analysis shows that the TIL has high zonal variability, and its strength is instantaneously adjusted to the synoptic situation at near-tropopause level. Our key finding is that the TIL within midlatitude ridges in winter is as strong as or stronger than the TIL in polar summer. The strongest TIL in anticyclonic conditions is related to the shear term, while the weaker TIL in cyclonic conditions is enhanced by the curl term.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
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  • 2
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    AGU (American Geological Union) | Wiley
    In:  Geophysical Research Letters, 43 (15). pp. 8298-8305.
    Publication Date: 2019-02-01
    Description: Data assimilation was recently suggested to smooth out the sharp gradients that characterize the tropopause inversion layer (TIL) in systems that did not assimilate TIL-resolving observations. We investigate whether this effect is present in the ERA-Interim reanalysis and the European Centre for Medium-Range Weather Forecasts (ECMWF) operational forecast system (which assimilate high-resolution observations) by analyzing the 4D-Var increments and how the TIL is represented in their data assimilation systems. For comparison, we also diagnose the TIL from high-resolution GPS radio occultation temperature profiles from the COSMIC satellite mission, degraded to the same vertical resolution as ERA-Interim and ECMWF operational analyses. Our results show that more recent reanalysis and forecast systems improve the representation of the TIL, updating the earlier hypothesis. However, the TIL in ERA-Interim and ECMWF operational analyses is still weaker and farther away from the tropopause than GPS radio occultation observations of the same vertical resolution.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
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