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  • Springer Science + Business Media  (2)
  • 1
    Publication Date: 1998-03-01
    Description: —During the Austral Summers 1993–94 and 1994–95, we operated two temporary seismic arrays in the Victoria Land region, Antarctica. The first was located around the Mt. Melbourne volcano, near Terra Nova Bay, and the second southward, along the ACRUP1 Geotraverse. The aim of these experiments was to provide additional constraints on the Moho geometry and on lithosphere-astheno sphere structure in this zone. For this reason, a number of techniques were applied to recorded teleseismic data. In this paper we describe the results of the analysis on SKS- and S-wave splitting, which show the presence of seismic anisotropy. Computed fast polarization directions range, on average, between 131° and 166°, and delay times are on the order of 1 s. We presume that anisotropy is mainly located in the upper mantle, although we cannot detect, at present, if a contribution from the crust does exist. The fast polarization direction we determine is quite parallel to the opening of the Ross Sea, an active rift system, but also to the Absolute Plate Motion direction. Therefore, we assume that the identified anisotropy may be induced by the extension, activated by plate motion and is still related to it. ©1998 Birkhäuser Verlag Basel,
    Print ISSN: 0033-4553
    Electronic ISSN: 1420-9136
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2012-04-01
    Description: We analyzed digital seismic records in order to extend back in time the catalog of regional centroid moment tensors (RCMTs) for the Cyprus region. We applied the analysis and inversion methodology also used for the present-day seismicity on seismograms recorded at regional distance. We computed 18 new regional CMTs of earthquakes of moderate magnitude (4.8 ≤  M  ≤ 5.5) which occurred in the Cyprus region for the time span 1977–1996. These new focal mechanisms improved the knowledge given by the previously computed solutions carried out by other institutions, as well as the dataset of available earthquake source parameters. The complete focal mechanism database contributed to better define the deformation styles in the study area and to obtain a detailed characterization of the geodynamics of the Cyprus area. New RCMTs support the hypothesis that Cyprus is located in the middle of the transition area from subduction to continental collision along the Africa–Arabian–Eurasian boundary. In particular, data confirm (a) this transition zone is strictly located west of Cyprus, probably related to a tear in the subduction system, and (b) the still active compression in the Cyprus Arc can be seen as a starting point of the continental collision eastward. ©2011 Springer Science+Business Media B.V.
    Print ISSN: 1383-4649
    Electronic ISSN: 1573-157X
    Topics: Geosciences , Physics
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