Key words Perfluorooctyl-trimethoxysilane
Small-angle X-ray scattering
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
Abstract The acid-catalyzed condensation reaction of perfluorooctyltrimethoxysilane (PFOS) and n-octyltrimethoxysilane (OTMS) in ethanol has been followed by time-resolved synchrotron radiation small-angle X-ray scattering (SAXS) on a short time scale. SAXS curves for PFOS and OTMS have been interpreted as arising from mass fractals with D f=2 (PFOS) and D f=1.7 (OTMS). The time dependence of the apparent radius of gyration, obtained from the Guinier plots, showed that the growth of fractal precursors occurs in a two-step process within 2 h for PFOS and within 1.5 h for OTMS, in which small clusters involving monomers, dimers and trimers are formed in the initial step and formation of larger clusters occurs in the second step. Furthermore, it has been suggested that the hydrophobicity and lipophobicity of the bulky alkyl groups may also contribute to the formation of these giant aggregates.
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