shark rectal gland
Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
Chemistry and Pharmacology
Summary In an attempt to examine the mechanisms of activation of (Na, K)-ATPase when epithelial transport is stimulated, the binding of ouabain to rectal gland tissue was measured before and after stimulation with dibutyryl cAMP and theophylline. Stimulation significantly altered the characteristics of ouabain binding to slices ofSqualus acanthias rectal gland and to isolated rectal gland cells, accelerating the rate of binding and increasing the amount of ouabain bound at equilibrium when low concentrations of ouabain (10−9 to 10−7 m) were present in the medium. Scatchard plots of ouabain binding were nonlinear, suggesting at least two classes of binding sites, one of higher and one of lower affinity. Stimulation with cAMP and theophylline appeared to increase the affinity of the high-affinity site. Ouabain binding was increased by cAMP and theophylline even in the presence of furosemide (10−4 m) or bumetanide (10−5 m), and when Li+ was substituted for Na+, or NO 3 − for Cl−-maneuvers known to inhibit rectal gland secretion. The changes in ouabain binding induced by cAMP and theophylline do not appear, therefore, to be secondary to secretory activity but may reflect a change in the configuration, environment or location of existing enzyme so as to enhance its activity. Stimulation of ouabain binding cannot be demonstrated in whole homogenates of rectal gland, indicating that intact cells are necessary for the cyclic AMP-induced increase in ouabain binding to become manifest.
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