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  • Springer  (5)
  • 1995-1999  (3)
  • 1935-1939  (2)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1434-601X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Physics
    Notes: Zusammenfassung Es wird eine Arbeitsweise zur Herstellung lichtelektrischer Emissionsbilder angegeben, welche auch bei tieferen Temperaturen die Kristallstruktur von Nickeloberflächen durch Bariumbedampfung sichtbar macht. Zusätzlich zu der bekannten glühelektrischen Methode der elektronenoptischen Abbildung besteht durch diese Methode heute die Möglichkeit, von Zimmertemperatur bis zur Schmelztemperatur der höchst schmelzenden Metalle elektronenoptische Kristallstrukturbilder zu erzeugen.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    ISSN: 1618-2650
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-4986
    Keywords: sialic acid analogues ; CMP-glycosides ; sialyltransferases ; resialylation
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract We present kinetic studies on the enzymatic transfer of several synthetic sialic acid analogues, modified at C-5, to distinct glycoprotein glycans by sialytransferases differing in acceptor- and linkage-specificity. Biochemical properties of sialic acids were modified by introducing formyl-, trifluoroacetyl-, benzyloxycarbonyl-, and aminoacetyl-groups to the amino group at C-5 of neuraminic acid. The latter substitution renders the corresponding α-glyocoside resistant towards sialidases. The respective CMP-sialic acid analogues were prepared by CMP-sialic acid synthase with a yield of 13–55%. The kinetic parameters of several sialyltransferases for the 5-substituted CMP-glycosides differed significantly. Relative to parent CMP-NeuAc, reaction rates of human- and rat liver Galβ1, 4GlcNAc α2,6-sialyl-transferases ranged from 50 to 170%, of GalNAc α2,6-sialyltransferases from 40–140%, and of Galβ1,3Gal-NAc α2,3-sialyltransferase from 20–50%. Resialylation of asialo-α1-acid glycoprotein by 5-N-formyl- and 5-N-aminoacetyl-neuraminic acid employing rat liver Galβ1,4GlcNAc α2,6-sialyltransferase proceeded to about 80% of galactose sites which is identical to the extent achieved with parent NeuAc. According to our data, neosialoglycoconjugates which carry sialic acids modified at theN-acetyl group can be prepared for structure-function analysis, as this position seems crucial for recognition of adhesion proteins and influenza viruses.
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  • 4
    ISSN: 1573-174X
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Nature of Science, Research, Systems of Higher Education, Museum Science
    Notes: Abstract ‘Culture shock’ has been identified as a psychological reaction to a change in cultural environment. The main symptoms of culture shock are reported to be psychological disturbance, a negative reaction to the new surroundings and a longing for a more familiar environment. Research has identified culture shock as a component in the difficulties that international students face when studying in another country. One way that institutions of higher education have responded to these difficulties is to provide initial cultural orientation. In the study reported here, a group of post-graduate students who had participated in a study skills and cultural orientation course at a British university were compared with a group who had not. Contrary to the research hypothesis, the group that took part in the orientation course were significantly more homesick and reported more psychological difficulties. The overall findings cast doubt on the received view of culture shock as it affects international students. They suggest that culture shock is exacerbated by personal and social factors and this has implications for the way that international students may be helped through the experience.
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-4986
    Keywords: Anti-Pr cold agglutinins ; sialidase ; sialyltransferase
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Anti-Pr cold agglutinins (CAs) with the subspecificities anti-Pr1h,-Pr1d, -Pr2, -Pr3h, -Pr3d, -PrM and anti-Sa CAs recognize immunodominantN-acetylneuraminic acid (NeuN Ac) groups of tetra and/or trisaccharides (O-glycans) of glycophorin. These O-glycans are sialylated in α2,3- and/or α2,6-linkages. Sa and most Pr antigens have been inactivated by α2,3-specific sialidases. Antigenicity was reconstituted on desialylated glycophorin by α2,3-specific Galβ1,3GalN Ac-sialyltransferase indicating that α2,3-linked NeuN Ac groups are the immunodominant components of Sa and most Pr antigens. Some Pr antigens were resistant to α2,3-specific sialidase and were not reconstituted by α2,3-specific Galβ1,3GalN Ac-sialyltransferase, which indicates that α2,6-linked NeuN Ac group represents an immunodominant component of some Pr antigens.
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