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  • Springer  (9)
  • Paleontological Society  (4)
  • American Meteorological Society (AMS)
  • American Geophysical Union
  • 1990-1994  (13)
  • 1994  (5)
  • 1990  (8)
  • 1
    ISSN: 1573-4986
    Keywords: Friend spleen focus-forming virus ; glycoprotein ; oligosaccharide processing ; SFFV
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Chemistry and Pharmacology
    Notes: Abstract Normal rat kidney cells, non-productively infected with the anaemia-inducing variant of Friend spleen focus-forming virus (F-SFFVA), were metabolically labelled with [2-3H]mannose. The primary translation product of the viral envelope gene (env), representing a glycoprotein with an apparent molecularM r of 55 000 (gp55), was isolated from cell lysates by immunoaffinity chromatography and purified by preparative SDS/PAGE. Radiolabelled oligosaccharides, released from tryptic glycopeptides by treatment with endo-β-N-acetylglucosaminidase H, were characterized chromatographically, by enzymic digestion and by acetolysis. The results revealed that F-SFFVA gp55 obtained from this source carried predominantly oligomannose type sugar chains with five to nine mannoses. As a characteristic feature, glycans with seven to nine mannoses contained, in part, an additional glucose residue. Although the amount of glucosylated species found was higher in F-SFFVA gp55 (about 25% of total endo-H-sensitive oligosaccharides) than in gp55 of the corresponding polycythaemia-inducing variant (F-SFFVP, 16.3%), the overall glycosylation pattern of the F-SFFVA env product closely resembled that of F-SFFVP gp55 [Strubeet al. (1988)J Biol Chem 263:3762–71]. Hence, our results demonstrate that the different intracellular processing and transport of the primary F-SFFVA env product cannot be attributed to aberrant trimming of its oligomannose type glycans.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 2
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Algebra universalis 32 (1994), S. 341-367 
    ISSN: 1420-8911
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mathematics
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 3
    ISSN: 1573-4803
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Mechanical Engineering, Materials Science, Production Engineering, Mining and Metallurgy, Traffic Engineering, Precision Mechanics
    Notes: Abstract Superferritic stainless steels become embrittled when aged in a temperature interval around 475 °C, This phenomenon has been studied in the alloy Fe-28Cr-2Mo-4Ni-Nb by measuring the decrease in the energy absorbed in the impact test as a function of ageing time at 475 °C. The change which occurs in the microstructure has been studied by small-angle neutron scattering. It is shown that ageing at 475 °C produces the decomposition of the alloy in zones rich in chromium via spinodal decomposition. The high rate of embrittlement observed, compared with that which occurs in Fe-Cr binary alloys of similar chromium content, is related to a faster development of the spinodal decomposition in the steel studied.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 4
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Computing 43 (1990), S. 199-207 
    ISSN: 1436-5057
    Keywords: 65C99 ; Particle methods ; linearized Boltzmann equation ; Gauss integration
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Computer Science
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung In [3] ist eine Partikelmethode vorgestellt, die unendlich viele Partikel benötigt. Zu ihrer numerischen Implementierung muß der numerisch relevante Träger abgeschätzt werden. Um dies zu vermeiden, führen wir über die Gasß-Integration eine a priori endliche Form ein und stellen numerische Ergebnisse für verschiedene Testbereiche vor.
    Notes: Abstract In [3] a particle method is proposed which acts on an infinite grid. Hence, for a numerical application an estimation of the numerically relevant support is necessary. To overcome this difficulty we suggest a finite grid based on Gaussian integration formulas and present numerical results of different test examples.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 5
    ISSN: 1573-5117
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The concentrations of B, Ca, Co, Cu, Fe, K, Mg, Mn, Na, P, Zn and agar were determined in samples of the red alga,Pterocladia capillacea, collected during one year in three distinct locations having different hydrologic characteristics, close to the city of Arraial do Cabo, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. Pattern recognition methods showed that, although these concentrations are subject to temporal variations, they are more dependent on the location from which the samples were collected. Algae from locations with high human activity were richer in P, B, Co, Zn and agar than those from other locations.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 6
    Electronic Resource
    Electronic Resource
    Springer
    Mycopathologia 112 (1990), S. 93-104 
    ISSN: 1573-0832
    Keywords: Aspergillus ; fungal elements
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology , Medicine
    Notes: Abstract We have attempted to elucidate the natural history of pulmonary aspergillus intracavitary colonization (PAIC) based on more than 350 cases of the disease observed in the last 11 years and on data collected from the literature. The data indicate that PAIC is a dynamic process consequent to the continual growth and death of fungal elements and also with their relationships to the anatomic features of the cavity (valvular mechanisms, vascular alteration). The clinical presentations reflect immunological changes in the host. Metabolites produced by the species of Aspergillus involved affect the clinical presentation of the syndrome.
    Type of Medium: Electronic Resource
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  • 7
    ISSN: 1436-6215
    Keywords: Ascorbic acid metabolism ; Callitrichidae ; stress ; 14CO2-excretion ; Ascorbinsäurestoffwechsel ; Krallenaffen ; Streß ; 14CO2-Ausscheidung
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Agriculture, Forestry, Horticulture, Fishery, Domestic Science, Nutrition , Medicine
    Description / Table of Contents: Zusammenfassung Bei den beiden Affenarten Callithrix jacchus und Saguinus fuscicollis, die der gleichen Neuweltaffenfamilie der Krallenaffen angehören, wurden extrem unterschiedliche Serumascorbatspiegel gefunden, obwohl die Tiere unter identischen Bedingungen in derselben Kolonie gehalten wurden. Die14C-Ausscheidung von oral verabreichter 1-14C-AA wurde unter marginaler wie auch reichlicher Vitamin-C-Versorgung sowie unter Streßbedingungen untersucht. Zwischen niedriger und hoher Vitamin-C-Versorgung traten große Unterschiede im14C-Ausscheidungsmodus auf. Der Speziesunterschied war dabei geringer als der Unterschied zwischen individuellen Streß-/Nichtstreß-Bedingungen, aber in beiden Fällen war er gleichartig. In vergleichbaren Versuchen reagierte S. fuscicollis derart, daß ein höherer Streßzustand bei dieser Spezies angenommen werden kann.
    Notes: Summary Recently it has been found that the two monkey species Callithrix jacchus and Saguinus fuscicollis, both belonging to the same New World monkey family Callitrichidae and held in the same colony under identical conditions, had extremely different serum ascorbate levels. To examine the ascorbic acid metabolism the14C-excretion of orally given 1-14C-ascorbic acid was studied under conditions of marginal and abundant vitamin C supply and under intentional stress. There were large differences in the mode of14C excretion between low and high ascorbate supply. The differences were smaller between stress/no stress conditions intraindividually than between the two species, but they were in the same manner. In comparable trials S. fuscicollis reacted such that a higher status of stress can be supposed in this species.
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  • 8
    ISSN: 1432-2048
    Keywords: Citrus ; Cuticle (composition, permeability) ; Humidity and cuticle permeability ; Temperature and cuticle permeability ; Wax (cuticle)
    Source: Springer Online Journal Archives 1860-2000
    Topics: Biology
    Notes: Abstract The water permeabilities of 3174 astomatous, isolated cuticular membranes from Citrus aurantium L. leaves were studied. Trees were grown in environmental chambers at temperatures ranging from 15 to 35° C and humidities of 50% and 90%. Photosynthetically active radiation was 500–1000 μmol photons·m−2· s−1. The different growing conditions had no effect on the water permeability of the membranes. However, storing isolated cuticular membranes at 8° C for up to 112 weeks decreased their water permeability, and it is argued that this is a consequence of the healing of defects between wax crystallites, and also indicates the dynamic nature of cuticular waxes.
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 1994-09-01
    Description: A new genus and species of obolellid brachiopod, Brevipelta chouberti, is described from the Early Cambrian of Morocco. It is a useful index fossil for the upper Choubertella Zone and the Daguinaspis Zone in Morocco. Additionally discussed are taphonomic aspects that lead to the question whether the shell may have been weakly calcified compared to other obolellid brachiopods and the calcareous part may have been composed of aragonite crystallites, or whether the preservation of Brevipelta is due to facile solubility of a calcitic shell substance. Brevipelta chouberti represents not only the oldest described Early Cambrian brachiopod from Africa, but one of the oldest obolellid brachiopods known worldwide.
    Print ISSN: 0022-3360
    Electronic ISSN: 1937-2337
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 1990-03-01
    Description: A fragmentary and probably immature polyplacophoran shell from the Middle Triassic Germanic Muschelkalk is presented. Morphological peculiarities of the specimen are a stiff connection of the head valve to the adjoining intermediate valve and the presence of a yet undescribed brim-like shell constituent, informally called border-plate herein. The unusually well-preserved shell structure is discussed in detail comprising tegmentum, crossed-lamellar p. hypostracum and the (articulamental?) border-plate. Characteristics indicate a systematic position within the order Lepidopleurina.
    Print ISSN: 0022-3360
    Electronic ISSN: 1937-2337
    Topics: Geosciences
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