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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-09-28
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 56 data points
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018-10-11
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 18 data points
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  • 3
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Lomitschka, Michael; Frank, Norbert; Mangini, Augusto (1997): Untersuchungen zur Th/U-Datierung eemzeitlicher Muscheln aus Schleswig-Holstein = U-Th dating of eemian bivalves from Schleswig-Holstein. Meyniana, 49, 85-102, https://doi.org/10.2312/meyniana.1997.49.85
    Publication Date: 2018-09-27
    Description: A new chemical procedure for cleaning marine carbonates was applied to remove detritus as well as metaloxide contaminations of marine shells from Eemian deposits and adjoining succession of a sediment core from Dagebüll, Schleswig- Holstein. Hence, one can significantly reduce the contamination with detrital uranium and thorium. Thermal ionisation mass spectrometry was applied to determine the uranium and thorium activities used for 230Th/U dating of these shells. At least ten samples of marine bivalves of five different core sections were analysed. Samples located below a five meter thick clay layer at 19-24 m yielded an average age of 132±18 ka. Shells located above the clays at 15-20 m depth were strongly influenced by percolating groundwaters of an open system. Therefore, a reliable dating of these samples was not possible.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 390 data points
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  • 4
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Fensterer, Claudia; Scholz, Denis; Hoffmann, Dirk L; Mangini, Augusto; Pajon, Jesus M (2010): 230Th/U-dating of a late Holocene low uranium speleothem from Cuba. IOP Conference Series: Earth and Environmental Science, 9(1), 012015, https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/9/1/012015
    Publication Date: 2019-02-12
    Description: We present 22 U-series ages for a stalagmite from north-western Cuba based on multi-collector inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry (MC-ICPMS) and thermal ionisation mass spectrometry (TIMS). Our results reveal that the stalagmite continuously grew within the last ~1400a. Low uranium content of the sample and thus, extremely low 230Th concentrations limit the precision and accuracy of 230Th/U-dating by TIMS. Samples measured by MC-ICPMS show a high variability of 232Th content along the growth axis with some sections significantly affected by initial 230Th from a detrital phase. An a-priori bulk earth ratio for (238U/232Th) cannot be used to accurately account for this initial 230Th. Using an age model based on the 230Th/U ages determined on samples with low or negligible 232Th concentration, we find that the (238U/232Th) activity ratio of the detrital phase is an order of magnitude larger than the bulk earth value, indicating the importance of an accurately determined correction factor.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 351 data points
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  • 5
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Lippold, Jörg; Gruetzner, Jens; Winter, Diane M; Lahaye, Yann; Mangini, Augusto; Christl, Marcus (2009): Does sedimentary 231Pa/230Th from the Bermuda Rise monitor past Atlantic Meridional Overtuning Circulation? Geophysical Research Letters, 36, L12601, https://doi.org/10.1029/2009GL038068
    Publication Date: 2018-12-19
    Description: Ocean circulation may have undergone reductions and reinvigorations in the past closely tied to regional climate changes. Measurements of 231Pa/230Th ratios in a sediment core from the Bermuda Rise have been interpreted as evidence that the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) was weakened or completely eliminated during a period of catastrophic iceberg discharges (Heinrich-Event 1, H1). Here we present new data from the Bermuda Rise that show further 231Pa/230Th peaks during Heinrich-2 (H2) and Heinrich-3 (H3). Additionally, a tight correlation between diatom abundances (biogenic silica) and 231Pa/230Th is discovered in this core. Our results redirect the interpretation of 231Pa/230Th from the Bermuda Rise as a proxy for ocean circulation towards a proxy that reacts highly sensitive to changes of particle composition and water mass properties.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 748 data points
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  • 6
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Schimpf, Daniel; Kilian, Rolf; Kronz, Andreas; Simon, Klaus; Spötl, Christoph; Wörner, Gerhard; Deininger, Michael; Mangini, Augusto (2011): The significance of chemical, isotopic, and detrital components in three coeval stalagmites from the superhumid southernmost Andes (53°S) as high-resolution palaeo-climate proxies. Quaternary Science Reviews, 30(3-4), 443-459, https://doi.org/10.1016/j.quascirev.2010.12.006
    Publication Date: 2019-01-27
    Description: Stalagmites are important palaeo-climatic archives since their chemical and isotopic signatures have the potential to record high-resolution changes in temperature and precipitation over thousands of years. We present three U/Th-dated records of stalagmites (MA1–MA3) in the superhumid southern Andes, Chile (53°S). They grew simultaneously during the last five thousand years (ka BP) in a cave that developed in schist and granodiorite. Major and trace elements as well as the C and O isotope compositions of the stalagmites were analysed at high spatial and temporal resolution as proxies for palaeo-temperature and palaeo-precipitation. Calibrations are based on data from five years of monitoring the climate and hydrology inside and outside the cave and on data from 100 years of regional weather station records. Water-insoluble elements such as Y and HREE in the stalagmites indicate the amount of incorporated siliciclastic detritus. Monitoring shows that the quantity of detritus is controlled by the drip water rate once a threshold level has been exceeded. In general, drip rate variations of the stalagmites depend on the amount of rainfall. However, different drip-water pathways above each drip location gave rise to individual drip rate levels. Only one of the three stalagmites (MA1) had sufficiently high drip rates to record detrital proxies over its complete length. Carbonate-compatible element contents (e.g. U, Sr, Mg), which were measured up to sub-annual resolution, document changes in meteoric precipitation and related drip-water dilution. In addition, these soluble elements are controlled by leaching during weathering of the host rock and soils depending on the pH of acidic pore waters in the peaty soils of the cave's catchment area. In general, higher rainfall resulted in a lower concentration of these elements and vice versa. The Mg/Ca record of stalagmite MA1 was calibrated against meteoric precipitation records for the last 100 years from two regional weather stations. Carbonate-compatible soluble elements show similar patterns in the three stalagmites with generally high values when drip rates and detrital tracers were low and vice versa. d13C and d18O values are highly correlated in each stalagmite suggesting a predominantly drip rate dependent kinetic control by evaporation and/or outgassing. Only C and O isotopes from stalagmite MA1 that received the highest drip rates show a good correlation between detrital proxy elements and carbonate-compatible elements. A temperature-related change in rainwater isotope values modified the MA1 record during the Little Ice Age (~0.7–0.1 ka BP) that was ~1.5 °C colder than today. The isotopic composition of the stalagmites MA2 and MA3 that formed at lower drip rates shows a poor correlation with stalagmite MA1 and all other chemical proxies of MA1. 'Hendy tests' indicate that the degassing-controlled isotope fractionation of MA2 and MA3 had already started at the cave roof, especially when drip rates were low. Changing pathways and residence times of the seepage water caused a non-climatically controlled isotope fractionation, which may be generally important in ventilated caves during phases of low drip rates. Our proxies indicate that the Neoglacial cold phases from ~3.5 to 2.5 and from ~0.7 to 0.1 ka BP were characterised by 30% lower precipitation compared with the Medieval Warm Period from 1.2 to 0.8 ka BP, which was extremely humid in this region.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 528 data points
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  • 7
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    PANGAEA
    In:  Supplement to: Spötl, Christoph; Mangini, Augusto (2002): Stalagmite from the Austrian Alps reveals Dansgaard-Oeschger events during istotope stage 3: implications for the absolute chronology of Greenland ice cores. Earth and Planetary Science Letters, 203(1), 507-518, https://doi.org/10.1016/S0012-821X(02)00837-3
    Publication Date: 2019-01-27
    Description: A mass-spectrometric uranium-series dated stalagmite from the Central Alps of Austria provides unprecedented new insights into high-altitude climate change during the peak of isotope stage 3. The stalagmite formed continuously between 57 and 46 kyr before present. A series of 'Hendy tests' demonstrates that the outer parts of the sample show a progressive increase of both stable C and O isotope values. No such covariant increase was detected within the axial zone. This in conjunction with other observations suggests that the continuous stable oxygen isotope profile obtained from the axial zone of the stalagmite largely reflects the unaltered isotopic composition of the cave drip water. The delta18O record shows events of high delta18O values that correlate remarkably with Interstadials 15 (a and b), 14 and 12 identified in the Greenland ice cores. Interstadial 15b started rapidly at 55.6 kyr and lasted ~300 yr only, Interstadial 15a peaked 54.9 kyr ago and was even of shorter duration (~100 yr), and Interstadial 14 commenced 54.2 kyr ago and lasted ~3000 yr. This stalagmite thus represents one of the first terrestrial archives outside the high latitudes which record precisely dated Dansgaard-Oeschger (D/O) events during isotope stage 3. Provided that rapid D/O warmings occurred synchronously in Greenland and the European Alps, the new data provide an independent tool to improve the GRIP and GISP2 chronologies.
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 165 data points
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  • 8
    Publication Date: 2018-09-27
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 20 data points
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  • 9
    Publication Date: 2018-09-27
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 32 data points
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  • 10
    Publication Date: 2018-09-27
    Type: Dataset
    Format: text/tab-separated-values, 339 data points
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