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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2014-12-14
    Description: Layered mafic intrusions (LMI) are sporadically distributed in the Early Permian Tarim large igneous province (LIP), NW China, and are crosscut by numerous contemporaneous dykes. The Xiaohaizi wehrlite intrusion is composed mainly of olivine (Fo69–75), clinopyroxene (Mg# = 75–84), intercumulus plagioclase (An53–86) and Fe–Ti oxides. Both petrography and mineral compositions suggest that olivine and clinopyroxene crystallized earlier than plagioclase and Fe–Ti oxides. The dykes are of alkali basalt to trachyandesite with low Mg# (35–39). The least-contaminated dykes display strong rare earth element (REE) fractionation, enrichment of Nb and Ta, and depletion of Pb relative to other similarly incompatible elements, bearing strong similarity to ocean island basalts (OIB). This, together with their positive Nd i values (4·3–4·8), is consistent with derivation from an enriched asthenospheric mantle source. Clinopyroxenes in the wehrlites display convex-upward chondrite-normalized REE patterns. The melts in equilibrium with these clinopyroxenes have very similar trace element compositions to those of the crosscutting dykes, suggesting a similar mantle source shared by the Xiaohaizi wehrlite intrusion and dykes. The Xiaohaizi wehrlite intrusion is characterized by Sr–Nd isotopic disequilibrium between clinopyroxene and plagioclase separates: 87 Sr/ 86 Sr i (0·7038–0·7041) and Nd i (1·0–1·9) of clinopyroxene are lower and higher than the respective ratios of intercumulus plagioclase ( 87 Sr/ 86 Sr i = 0·7042–0·7043, Nd i = 0·4–1·0). The 87 Sr/ 86 Sr i and Nd i of clinopyroxene separates correlate positively and negatively with Zr/Nb, respectively, implying variable degrees of crustal contamination during the formation of the Xiaohaizi wehrlite intrusion. 87 Sr/ 86 Sr i increases and Nd i decreases with increasing Ca content of plagioclase, indicating that higher An plagioclases experienced higher degrees of contamination. This can be explained by assimilation of continental crust through a turbulent magma ascent (ATA) process. However, this ATA model fails to account for the positive correlation between the Mg# and Nd i of clinopyroxene separates. The isotopic disequilibrium in the Xiaohaizi LMI is more probably generated during an assimilation and fractional crystallization process involving Archean–Neoproterozoic basement and carbonates as contaminants.
    Print ISSN: 0022-3530
    Electronic ISSN: 1460-2415
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2019-10-22
    Description: We present a study of timing properties of the accreting pulsar 2S 1417-624 observed during its 2018 outburst, based on Swift/BAT, Fermi/GBM, Insight-HXMT and NICER observations. We report a dramatic change of the pulse profiles with luminosity. The morphology of the profile in the range 0.2-10.0 keV switches from double to triple peaks at ∼2.5 ×1037D210 erg s−1 and from triple to quadruple peaks at ∼7 ×1037D210 erg s−1⁠. The profile at high energies (25-100 keV) shows significant evolutions as well. We explain this phenomenon according to existing theoretical models. We argue that the first change is related to the transition from the sub to the super-critical accretion regime, while the second to the transition of the accretion disc from the gas-dominated to the radiation pressure-dominated state. Considering the spin-up as well due to the accretion torque, this interpretation allows to estimate the magnetic field self-consistently at ∼7 × 1012 G.
    Print ISSN: 0035-8711
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-2966
    Topics: Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2019-10-22
    Description: We report on analysis of observations of the bright transient X-ray pulsar Swift J0243.6+6124 obtained during its 2017-2018 giant outburst with Insight-HXMT, NuSTAR, and Swift observatories. We focus on the discovery of a sharp state transition of the timing and spectral properties of the source at super-Eddington accretion rates, which we associate with the transition of the accretion disk to a radiation pressure dominated (RPD) state, the first ever directly observed for magnetized neutron star. This transition occurs at slightly higher luminosity compared to already reported transition of the source from sub- to super-critical accretion regime associate with onset of an accretion column. We argue that this scenario can only be realized for comparatively weakly magnetized neutron star, not dissimilar to other ultra-luminous X-ray pulsars (ULPs), which accrete at similar rates. Further evidence for this conclusion is provided by the non-detection of the transition to the propeller state in quiescence which strongly implies compact magnetosphere and thus rules out magnetar-like fields.
    Print ISSN: 0035-8711
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-2966
    Topics: Physics
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