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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018-02-05
    Description: Barnacles of the genus Galkinius occupy a large spectrum of host corals, making it one of the least host-specific genera within the Pyrgomatidae. Molecular analyses show that within the genus Galkinius there are highly supported clades, suggesting that the genus Galkinius is a complex of evolutionarily significant units (ESUs). The morphology of the opercular valves has been used as the basis for the separation of species of Galkinius. In this study, morphological variability was found both between specimens within ESUs extracted from different host species and between specimens extracted from the same colony. Identifications based on the opercular valves cannot therefore be assigned to different species despite being genetically distinguishable. It is proposed that in many cases the differences between valve morphology of different species of Galkinius are the outcome of ontogeny. Allometric growth of the valves has resulted in differences in the proportions of the parts of the valve.
    Type: Article , PeerReviewed
    Format: text
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2016-10-17
    Description: The Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) aims to spatially resolve the silhouette (or shadow) of the supermassive black holes in the Galactic Centre (Sgr A * ) and M87. The primary scientific objectives are to test general relativity in the strong-field regime and to probe accretion and jet-launch physics at event-horizon scales. This is made possible by the technique of very long baseline interferometry at (sub)millimetre wavelengths, which can achieve angular resolutions of order ~ 10 μ-arcsec. However, this approach suffers from unique observational challenges, including scattering in the troposphere and interstellar medium; rapidly time-variable source structure in both polarized and total intensity; as well as non-negligible antenna pointing errors. In this, the first paper in a series, we present the meqsilhouette software package which is specifically designed to accurately simulate EHT observations. It includes realistic descriptions of a number of signal corruptions that can limit the ability to measure the key science parameters. This can be used to quantify calibration requirements, test parameter estimation and imaging strategies, and investigate systematic uncertainties that may be present. In doing so, a stronger link can be made between observational capabilities and theoretical predictions, with the goal of maximizing scientific output from the upcoming order of magnitude increase in EHT sensitivity.
    Print ISSN: 0035-8711
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-2966
    Topics: Physics
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2013-09-13
    Description: Peak interpolation is concerned with a foundational kind of mathematical task: building functions in a fixed algebra A , which have prescribed values or behaviour on a fixed closed subset (or on several disjoint subsets). In this paper, we do the same but now A is an algebra of operators on a Hilbert space. We briefly survey this noncommutative peak interpolation , which we have studied with coauthors in a long series of papers, and whose basic theory now appears to be approaching its culmination. This programme developed from, and is based partly on, theorems of Hay and Read whose proofs were spectacular, but therefore inaccessible to an uncommitted reader. We give short proofs of these results, using recent progress in noncommutative peak interpolation, and conversely give examples of the use of these theorems in peak interpolation. For example, we prove a useful new noncommutative peak interpolation theorem.
    Print ISSN: 0024-6093
    Electronic ISSN: 1469-2120
    Topics: Mathematics
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2019-01-22
    Print ISSN: 0035-8711
    Electronic ISSN: 1365-2966
    Topics: Physics
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