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  • 1
    Publication Date: 2018
    Description: 〈div data-abstract-type="normal"〉 〈p〉Agmantinite, ideally Ag〈span〉2〈/span〉MnSnS〈span〉4〈/span〉, is a new mineral from the Uchucchacua polymetallic deposit, Oyon district, Catajambo, Lima Department, Peru. It occurs as orange–red crystals up to 100 μm across. Agmantinite is translucent with adamantine lustre and possesses a red streak. It is brittle. Neither fracture nor cleavage were observed. Based on the empirical formula the calculated density is 4.574 g/cm〈span〉3〈/span〉. On the basis of chemically similar compounds the Mohs hardness is estimated at between 2 to 2½. In plane-polarised light agmantinite is white with red internal reflections. It is weakly bireflectant with no observable pleochroism with red internal reflections. Between crossed polars, agmantinite is weakly anisotropic with reddish brown to greenish grey rotation tints. The reflectances (〈span〉R〈/span〉〈span〉min〈/span〉 and 〈span〉R〈/span〉〈span〉max〈/span〉) for the four standard wavelengths are: 19.7 and 22.0 (470 nm); 20.5 and 23.2 (546 nm); 21.7 and 2.49 (589 nm); and 20.6 and 23.6 (650 nm), respectively.〈/p〉 〈p〉Agmantinite is orthorhombic, space group 〈span〉P〈/span〉2〈span〉1〈/span〉〈span〉nm〈/span〉, with unit-cell parameters: 〈span〉a〈/span〉 = 6.632(2), 〈span〉b〈/span〉 = 6.922(2), 〈span〉c〈/span〉 = 8.156(2) Å, 〈span〉V〈/span〉 = 374.41(17) Å〈span〉3〈/span〉, 〈span〉a〈/span〉:〈span〉b〈/span〉:〈span〉c〈/span〉 0.958:1:1.178 and 〈span〉Z〈/span〉 = 2. The crystal structure was refined to 〈span〉R〈/span〉 = 0.0575 for 519 reflections with 〈span〉I 〉〈/span〉 2σ(〈span〉I〈/span〉). Agmantinite is the first known mineral of 〈span〉〈span〉〈img data-mimesubtype="gif" data-type="simple" src="http://static.cambridge.org/resource/id/urn:cambridge.org:id:binary:20190522072108342-0385:S0026461X18001391:S0026461X18001391_inline1.gif"〉 〈span data-mathjax-type="texmath"〉 〈/span〉 〈/span〉〈/span〉〈span〉M〈/span〉〈span〉II〈/span〉〈span〉M〈/span〉〈span〉IV〈/span〉S〈span〉4〈/span〉 type that is derived from wurtzite rather than sphalerite by ordered substitution of Zn, analogous to the substitution pattern for deriving stannite from sphalerite. The six strongest X-ray powder-diffraction lines derived from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data [〈span〉d〈/span〉 in Å (intensity)] are: 3.51 (s), 3.32 (w), 3.11 (vs), 2.42 (w), 2.04 (m) and 1.88 (m). The empirical formula (based on 8 apfu) is (Ag〈span〉1.94〈/span〉Cu〈span〉0.03〈/span〉)〈span〉Σ1.97〈/span〉(Mn〈span〉0.98〈/span〉Zn〈span〉0.05〈/span〉)〈span〉Σ1.03〈/span〉Sn〈span〉0.97〈/span〉S〈span〉4.03〈/span〉.The crystal structure-derived formula is Ag〈span〉2〈/span〉(Mn〈span〉0.69〈/span〉Zn〈span〉0.31〈/span〉)〈span〉Σ1.00〈/span〉SnS〈span〉4〈/span〉 and the simplified formula is Ag〈span〉2〈/span〉MnSnS〈span〉4〈/span〉.〈/p〉 〈p〉The name is for the composition and the new mineral and mineral name have been approved by the International Mineralogical Association Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (IMA2014-083).〈/p〉 〈/div〉
    Print ISSN: 0026-461X
    Electronic ISSN: 1471-8022
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 2
    Publication Date: 2018
    Description: 〈div data-abstract-type="normal"〉〈p〉Structural data for weishanite, an alloy of Au, Ag and Hg, were collected for the first time from a crystal from the Keystone Mine, Colorado, USA. The structure was solved in the space group 〈span〉P〈/span〉6〈span〉3〈/span〉/〈span〉mmc〈/span〉 with the unit cell 〈span〉a〈/span〉 = 2.9348(8) and 〈span〉c〈/span〉 = 4.8215(18) Å] and refined to 〈span〉R〈/span〉 = 0.0299 for 40 observed reflections [4σ(〈span〉F〈/span〉) level] and four parameters and to 〈span〉R〈/span〉 = 0.0356 for all 47 independent reflections. The weishanite structure can be considered a derivative of the zinc structure, with Au, Ag and Hg disordered in the same structural position. On this basis, we suggest that the formula is normalized to 1 atom with 〈span〉Z〈/span〉 = 2, leading, for the sample investigated, to Au〈span〉0.41〈/span〉Ag〈span〉0.31〈/span〉Hg〈span〉0.28〈/span〉 (electron microprobe data). Accordingly, weishanite can be considered the Au-rich isotype of schachnerite. A comparison with other Au/Ag-Hg alloys is presented together with a critical discussion about the nomenclature rules to be applied to alloys and simple metals.〈/p〉〈/div〉
    Print ISSN: 0026-461X
    Electronic ISSN: 1471-8022
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 3
    Publication Date: 2018-07-02
    Description: Agmantinite, ideally Ag2MnSnS4, is a new mineral from the Uchucchacua polymetallic deposit, Oyon district, Catajambo, Lima Department, Peru. It occurs as orange–red crystals up to 100 μm across. Agmantinite is translucent with adamantine lustre and possesses a red streak. It is brittle. Neither fracture nor cleavage were observed. Based on the empirical formula the calculated density is 4.574 g/cm3. On the basis of chemically similar compounds the Mohs hardness is estimated at between 2 to 2½. In plane-polarised light agmantinite is white with red internal reflections. It is weakly bireflectant with no observable pleochroism with red internal reflections. Between crossed polars, agmantinite is weakly anisotropic with reddish brown to greenish grey rotation tints. The reflectances (Rmin and Rmax) for the four standard wavelengths are: 19.7 and 22.0 (470 nm); 20.5 and 23.2 (546 nm); 21.7 and 2.49 (589 nm); and 20.6 and 23.6 (650 nm), respectively.Agmantinite is orthorhombic, space group P21nm, with unit-cell parameters: a = 6.632(2), b = 6.922(2), c = 8.156(2) Å, V = 374.41(17) Å3, a:b:c 0.958:1:1.178 and Z = 2. The crystal structure was refined to R = 0.0575 for 519 reflections with I > 2σ(I). Agmantinite is the first known mineral of ${M}_{ m 2}^{ m I} $MIIMIVS4 type that is derived from wurtzite rather than sphalerite by ordered substitution of Zn, analogous to the substitution pattern for deriving stannite from sphalerite. The six strongest X-ray powder-diffraction lines derived from single-crystal X-ray diffraction data [d in Å (intensity)] are: 3.51 (s), 3.32 (w), 3.11 (vs), 2.42 (w), 2.04 (m) and 1.88 (m). The empirical formula (based on 8 apfu) is (Ag1.94Cu0.03)Σ1.97(Mn0.98Zn0.05)Σ1.03Sn0.97S4.03.The crystal structure-derived formula is Ag2(Mn0.69Zn0.31)Σ1.00SnS4 and the simplified formula is Ag2MnSnS4.The name is for the composition and the new mineral and mineral name have been approved by the International Mineralogical Association Commission on New Minerals, Nomenclature and Classification (IMA2014-083).
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    Electronic ISSN: 1471-8022
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 4
    Publication Date: 2018-05-29
    Print ISSN: 0026-461X
    Electronic ISSN: 1471-8022
    Topics: Geosciences
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  • 5
    Publication Date: 2017-12-01
    Print ISSN: 0026-461X
    Electronic ISSN: 1471-8022
    Topics: Geosciences
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